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Mental Health Problems and Mental Disorders: Linked Determinants to Work Participation and Work Functioning

  • Marc CorbièreEmail author
  • Alessia Negrini
  • Carolyn S. Dewa
Chapter

Abstract

In Canada and other countries, the costs related to health care and loss of work productivity due to mental disorders exceed several billion dollars annually. The main purpose of this chapter is to help readers to better understand the relationship between mental health and work conditions. First, the authors present the economic burden of mental disorders in the workplace with particular attention to presenteeism, work absences, and long-term disability. Second, the individual, organizational, and environmental determinants of mental health problems of employees in the workplace are presented. Finally, the individual, organizational, and programmatic factors of return to work for people with common mental disorders are presented, as well as the significant factors of work reintegration of people with severe mental disorders. The presentation of the linked determinants of work participation and work functioning is supported with theories to explain the combination of factors affecting the work outcomes of different populations. Also, services/programmes and interventions designed to facilitate work participation of people with mental health problems or mental disorders are described. Finally, the authors suggest preventive interventions in the workplace as well as future avenues of research.

Keywords

Mental Health Problem Sickness Absence Work Engagement Common Mental Disorder Severe Mental Disorder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marc Corbière
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Alessia Negrini
    • 3
  • Carolyn S. Dewa
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.School of RehabilitationUniversité de SherbrookeSherbrookeCanada
  2. 2.Centre d’Action en Prévention et Réadaptation de l’Incapacité au travail (CAPRIT)LongueuilCanada
  3. 3.Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST)MontréalCanada
  4. 4.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  5. 5.Centre for Research on Employment and Workplace Health, Centre for Addiction and Mental HealthTorontoCanada

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