Making Sense of Stress: An Evolutionary—Developmental Framework

  • Marco Del Giudice
  • Bruce J. Ellis
  • Elizabeth A. Shirtcliff
Part of the Current Topics in Neurotoxicity book series (Current Topics Neurotoxicity, volume 3)


In this chapter we present an evolutionary–developmental framework for individual differences in stress responsivity, the Adaptive Calibration Model (ACM). We argue that the core propositions of the ACM provide a context for the integrative biological analysis of the stress response system, exemplified by Tinbergen’s “four questions” of mechanism, ontogeny, phylogeny, and adaptation. We then show how the ACM can be used to generate novel predictions on responsivity profiles in humans and their development across the life span.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Del Giudice
    • 1
  • Bruce J. Ellis
    • 2
  • Elizabeth A. Shirtcliff
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for Cognitive Science, Department of PsychologyUniversity of TurinTorinoItaly
  2. 2.John and Doris Norton School of Family and Consumer SciencesUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of New OrleansNew OrleansUSA

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