Pot-Honey pp 113-124 | Cite as

Stingless Bees of Costa Rica

Chapter

Abstract

The keeping of stingless bees (Apidae, Meliponini) or meliponiculture is carried out in a rustic and traditional way in Costa Rica. This is an activity present in several regions of the country, especially among the inhabitants of rural areas, mostly on the Pacific coast rather than the Atlantic region. According to our most recent data, the number of stingless bee keepers has progressively increased. However, compared to previous studies, the number of colonies per person has declined. This partially is due to the practice, in many cases, of keeping bees as a hobby more than as a source of improvement in family income. A total of 20 different domesticated species have been reported and the most commonly kept species is T. angustula.

Keywords

Income Cataract Argentina Peru Folk 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Dr. Ricardo Ayala B (Universidad Autónoma de México) and Dr. Paul Hanson (Universidad de Costa Rica) for advice and valuable additions to the manuscript.

References

  1. Aguilar I. 2001. ¿Cómo manejar abejas nativas sin aguijón (Apidae: Meliponinae) en sistemas agroforestales?. Agroforestería en las Américas 85:0–55.Google Scholar
  2. Aguilar I. 2007. Estado actual de la Meliponicultura en Costa Rica. Notas Apícolas [Heredia, Costa Rica] 136:–8.Google Scholar
  3. Aguilar I. 2009. Meliponicultura en Costa Rica. pp. 332–336. In Memorias del VI Congreso Mesoamericano sobre Abejas Nativas. Antigua, Guatemala, Guatemala. 368 pp.Google Scholar
  4. Aguilar I. 2010. Meliponicultura en Costa Rica. Notas Apícolas [Heredia, Costa Rica] 144:5–47.Google Scholar
  5. Aguilera G, Gil Fl, González AC, Nieves B, Rojas Y, Rodríguez AM, Vit P. 2009. Evaluación antibacteriana de mieles de Apis mellifera, contra Escherichia coli y Staphylococcus aureus. Revista del Instituto Nacional de Higiene 402:1–25.Google Scholar
  6. Arce HG, van Veen JW, Sommeijer MJ, Ramírez JF. 1994. Aspectos técnicos y culturales de la crianza de abejas sin aguijón (Apidae: Meliponinae) en Costa Rica. pp. 7–17. In Memorias III Congreso Nacional de Apicultura. San José, Costa Rica. 75 pp.Google Scholar
  7. Arce HG, Sánchez LA, Slaa EJ, Sánchez-Vindas PE, Ortiz RA, van Veen JW, Sommeijer MJ. 2001. Árboles melíferos nativos de Mesoamérica, eds. PRAM / CINAT / UNA / UU; Heredia, Costa Rica. 207 pp.Google Scholar
  8. Berrocal SE. 1998. Determinación de las especies arbóreas utilizadas por las abejas sin aguijón (Apidae: Meliponinae) para anidar. Tesis de Licenciatura. Escuela de Ciencias Agrarias. Universidad Nacional, Heredia, Costa Rica. 100 pp.Google Scholar
  9. Camargo JMF, Pedro SRM. 2007. Meliponini Lepeletier, 1836. pp. 272–578. In Moure JS, Urban D, Melo GAR, eds. Catalogue of bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) in the Neotropical Region. Sociedade Brasilera de Entomologia; Curitiba, Brasil. 1958 pp.Google Scholar
  10. Camargo JMF, Pedro SRM. 2008. Meliponini Lepeletier, 1836. In Moure JS, Urban D, Melo GAR, Eds. Catalogue of Bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) in the Neotropical Region – online version. Available at: http://www.moure.cria.org.br/catalogue.
  11. De Jong H. 1999. The land of corn and honey. The keeping of stingless bees (meliponiculture) in the ethno-ecological environment of Yucatan (Mexico) and El Salvador. PhD thesis. Utrecht University; Utrecht, The Netherlands. 423 pp.Google Scholar
  12. Elizalde R, Castillo P, Rasmussen CL. 2007. Manual de abejas nativas sin aguijón de la reserva de biósfera del noroeste del Perú. Tumbes, Perú. 62 pp.Google Scholar
  13. Flores F, Sánchez A. 2010. Primeros resultados de la caracterización botánica de mieles producidas por Tetragonisca angustula (Apidae, Meliponinae) en los Naranjos, Salta, Argentina. Boletín de la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica 458:1–91 pp.Google Scholar
  14. Genaro JA. 2006. A history of systematic studies of the bees of Cuna (Insecta: Hymenoptera, Anthophila). Zootaxa 11953:9–60.Google Scholar
  15. Gonçalves AL, Alves Filho A, Menezes H. 2005. Actividade antimicrobiana do mel da abelha nativa sem ferrão Nannotrigona testaceicornis (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Meliponini). Arquivos do Instituto Biologico [São Paulo, Brasil] 724:45–459.Google Scholar
  16. Gordon WF, William AH, Bradleigh VS, Kamaljit BS, Ronchi PS, and Zamora N. 2004. Flowering Phenology and Pollination System Diversity in the Seasonal Dry Forest. pp. 17–29. In Frankie GW, Mata A, Vinson SB, eds. Biodiversity conservation in Costa Rica: learning the lessons in a seasonal dry forest. University of California Press; London, England. 341 pp.Google Scholar
  17. Griswold T, Parker FD and Hanson PE. 1995. The bees (Apidae). pp. 650–691. In Hanson PE and Gauld ID, eds. The Hymenoptera of Costa Rica. Oxford, UK. 893 pp.Google Scholar
  18. Hanson PH. 2000. Insects and Spiders. pp. 95–147. In Nalini MN, Wheelwright NT, eds. Monteverde: Ecology and Conservation of a Tropical Cloud Forest. Oxford University Press; New York, USA. 573 pp.Google Scholar
  19. Herrera E, Aguilar I. 2011. Situación actual de la meliponicultura en el Pacífico Sur de Costa Rica. pp. 55–58. In Memorias VII Seminario Mesoamericano sobre Abejas Nativas. Cuetzalan, México. 242 pp.Google Scholar
  20. Jarau S, Barth FG. 2008. Stingless bees of the Golfo Dulce region, Costa Rica (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini). Stapfia 88, zugleich Kataloge der oberösterreichischen Landesmuseen Neue Serie 802:67–276.Google Scholar
  21. Jiménez M. 2011. Guía para la crianza de abejas nativas. Fundación ALTROPICO. Quito, Ecuador. 20 pp.Google Scholar
  22. Kent RB. 1984. Mesoamerican stingless bees. Journal of Cultural Geography 41:4–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kevan PG. 1999. Pollinators as bioindicators of the state of the environment: species, activity and diversity. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 743:73–393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lobo JA. 1996. Notes of the biogeography of the stingless bees of Costa Rica. p.14. Abstracts of the Sixth IBRA Conference on Tropical Bees: Management and Diversity. San José, Costa Rica. 45 pp.Google Scholar
  25. Mahecha O, Nates-Parra G. 2002. Cría y Manejo de abejas sin aguijón (Hymenoptera: Meliponini) en Colombia. p. 59. In Memorias I Encuentro Colombiano sobre Abejas Silvestres; Bogotá, Colombia. 70 pp.Google Scholar
  26. Montoya FG, Carvajal K, Salas U. 2008. Descripción de la cultura del agua en Costa Rica: Pueblo Terraba. Available at http://www.unesco.org.uy/phi/aguaycultura/fileadmin/phi/foro2008/Costa_Rica/Pueblo_Terraba.pdf
  27. Ortiz-Mora RA, van Veen JW. 1995. Influence of altitude on the distribution of stingless bees (Hymenoptera Apidae: Meliponinae). Apiacta 4:01–105.Google Scholar
  28. Ramírez JF, Ortiz RA. 1995. Crianza de las abejas sin aguijón. Centro de Investigaciones Apícolas Tropicales (CINAT). Universidad Nacional (UNA). Heredia, Costa Rica. 22 pp.Google Scholar
  29. Rincón RM. 1997. Riqueza y composición de especies de abejas (Hymenoptera:Apoidea) de sotobosque y de los recursos florales que utilizan, de un bosque neotropical manejado para producción de madera. Disertación de Maestría, CATIE. Turrialba, Costa Rica. 72 pp.Google Scholar
  30. Roubik DW. 1992. Stingless bees: a guide to Panamanian and Mesoamerican species and their nests (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponinae). pp. 495–524. In Quintero D, Aiello A, eds. Insects of Panamá and Mesoamerica. Oxford University Press; Oxford, UK. 692 pp.Google Scholar
  31. Roubik DW, Lobo AJ, Camargo JMF. 1997. New stingless bee genus endemic to Central American cloud forests: phylogenetic and biogeographic implications (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponini). Systematic Entomology 226:7–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Roubik DW. 2000. The de-flowering of Central America: a current perspective. In: Proceedings of the sixth international bee research conference on tropical bees IBRA, Cardiff, UK., pp 144–151 (p 289)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Slaa EJ. 2003. Foraging ecology of stingless bees: from individual behavior to community ecology. Doctoral dissertation. Department of Behavioural Biology, Faculty of Biology, Utrecht University; Utrecht, The Netherlands. 181 pp.Google Scholar
  34. Slaa EJ, Sanchez LA, Sandí M, Salazar W. 2000. A scientific note on the use of stingless bees for commercial pollination in enclosures. Apidologie 311:41–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Tous MM. 2002. De la gran Nicoya precolombina a la provincia de Nicaragua, s. XV y XVI. Tesis de Doctorado. Departamento de Historia, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona. Barcelona, España. 525 pp.Google Scholar
  36. van Veen JW, Arce HG and Sommeijer MJ. 1993. Manejo racional de la abeja sin aguijón Melipona beecheii (Apidae: Meliponinae), I. Cómo transferir la colonia de un tronco hueco a una caja. pp. 41–45. In Memorias II Congreso Nacional de Apicultura: Perspectivas para una Apicultura Sostenible. San José, Costa Rica. 53 pp.Google Scholar
  37. van Veen JW, Bootsma MC, Arce H, Hallim MKI, Sommeijer MJ. 1990. Biological limiting factors for the beekeeping with stingless bees in the Caribbean and Central America. Social insects and Environment. pp. 772–773. In 11th International Congress IUSSI; Bangalore, India. 765 pp.Google Scholar
  38. Villanueva-Gutiérrez R, Roubik DW, Collin-Ucán W. 2005. Extinction of Melipona beecheii and traditional beekeeping in the Yucatan Peninsula. Bee World 863:5–41.Google Scholar
  39. Vit P, Gutiérrez MG, Rodríguez-Malaver AJ, Aguilera G, Fernández-Díaz C, Tricio AE. 2009. Comparación de mieles producidas por la abeja yateí (Tetragonisca fiebrigi) en Argentina y Paraguay. Acta Bioquímica Clínica Latinoamericana 432:19–26.Google Scholar
  40. Wagner PL. 1958. Nicoya, a cultural geography. Geography 121:95–250.Google Scholar
  41. Wille A. 1961. Las abejas jicótes del género Melipona (Apidae: Meliponini) de Costa Rica. Revista de Biología Tropical 241:23–147.Google Scholar
  42. Wille A, Michener CD. 1973. The nest architecture of the stingless bees with special reference to those of Costa Rica. Revista de Biología Tropical 211:–278.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ingrid Aguilar
    • 1
  • Eduardo Herrera
    • 1
  • Gabriel Zamora
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro de Investigaciones Apícolas Tropicales (CINAT)Universidad NacionalHerediaCosta Rica

Personalised recommendations