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Psychosocial Interventions in Cancer

  • Catherine Benedict
  • Frank J. PenedoEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Cancer survivors are faced with significant disease- and treatment-related symptoms that challenge quality of life and can lead to psychosocial distress or dysfunction. The impact of cancer on psychological and emotional well-being is highly variable and often depends on a number of factors. However, even mild symptoms of distress can lead to impairment in several areas of functioning. Psychosocial interventions for cancer survivors generally aim to reduce emotional distress, enhance coping skills, and improve quality of life. Many different types of interventions have been conducted. Most approaches have involved a group-based format following cognitive behavioral, stress and coping, stress management, and supportive group environment theories and models. Some work has also provided psychoeducational components, engaged spouses/partners, or provided phone-based delivery of the interventions. Many studies have supported the benefit of psychosocial interventions; however, evidence suggests a need for greater awareness of moderating factors associated with emotional distress and intervention efficacy as well as mechanisms of change associated with active versus inactive intervention components. Furthermore, it is important to consider the distress continuum among cancer survivors to determine the most optimal level of care based on their needs and a stepped care model of intervention delivery is recommended.

Keywords

Cancer Survivor Psychosocial Intervention Stress Management Mental Health Disorder Cancer Experience 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology, College of Arts & SciencesUniversity of MiamiCoral GablesUSA
  2. 2.Department of Medical Social SciencesNorthwestern UniversityILChicago

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