Phorbol Esters and Other Toxic Constituents of Jatropha curcas L.



Jatropha curcas is a tropical perennial shrub having multiple benefits. Besides being a source of biofuel, it can be cultivated to control soil erosion, waste land reclamation. Various parts of the plant are rich in secondary metabolites with medicinal value. The Jatropha seed cake, a by-product, is an excellent source of proteins as an animal feed. However, the presence of toxins and anti nutritional compounds prevented its use as a source of protein. On the other hand, researchers are looking into use of Jatropha toxins as a source of tumour inhibitor and as a bio-pesticide. In this review, we discuss major toxic components present in J. curcas and some of the Jatropha species.


Phorbol Ester Neutral Detergent Fiber Seed Meal Trypsin Inhibitor Activity Seed Cake 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Plant Metabolic Engineering GroupReliance Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd., Dhirubhai Ambani Life Sciences CenterNavi MumbaiIndia
  2. 2.CSIR, Emeritus Scientist, Department of Botany/BiotechnologyShivaji UniversityKolhapurIndia
  3. 3.Natural RemediesBangaloreIndia

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