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Woody Plant Invasions in Pampa Grasslands: A Biogeographical and Community Assembly Perspective

  • Enrique J. ChanetonEmail author
  • Noemí Mazía
  • William B. Batista
  • Andrés G. Rolhauser
  • Claudio M. Ghersa
Chapter

Abstract

Grasslands provide a number of ecosystem services that have been essential to human well-being since pre-historical times (Gibson 2009). Yet they also represent the most endangered terrestrial biome due to conversion into agricultural systems (Sala 2001). The grassland biome covers 15 million km2 (11 %) of the Earth’s surface with non-woody vegetation, excluding deserts and savannas (Sala 2001). Natural grasslands encompass vast regions including the North American Great Plains, the Eurasian steppes of Russia, China and Mongolia, and the South American Pampas (Gibson 2009).

Keywords

Propagule Pressure Palm Tree Exotic Tree Exotic Tree Species Woody Encroachment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are most grateful to Professor Rolando León for inspiration and discussion, and Randall Myster for the invitation to contribute to this volume. We thank the National Parks Administration of Argentina for permission to work at El Palmar, and the staff of Estancia San Claudio for logistic assistance. Our research is partly funded by Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (FONCYT), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas (CONICET), and Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBACYT grant scheme).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Enrique J. Chaneton
    • 1
    Email author
  • Noemí Mazía
    • 2
  • William B. Batista
    • 3
  • Andrés G. Rolhauser
    • 4
  • Claudio M. Ghersa
    • 1
  1. 1.IFEVA–CONICETUniversidad de Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.Cátedra de DasonomíaUniversidad de Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina
  3. 3.IFEVA–CONICET and Departamento de Métodos CuantitativosUniversidad de Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina
  4. 4.Departamento de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y NaturalesUniversidad Nacional de San JuanSan JuanArgentina

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