Manual of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques for Disorders of Deglutition

pp 85-101


Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing (FEES)

  • Susan E. LangmoreAffiliated withDepartment of Otolaryngology, Boston University Medical Center
  • , Joseph MurrayAffiliated withVA Ann Arbor Healthcare System Email author 

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


The Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing (FEES) is an instrumental assessment of deglutitive function that utilizes a flexible laryngoscope to view pharyngeal and laryngeal structures during swallowing. In this assessment the laryngoscope is placed transnasally and advanced to the pharynx to view structural movements, bolus transit and airway protection. The chapter elucidates the utility and practical application of laryngoscopy to assess swallowing function for the practicing clinician. The chapter includes a description of the procedure and guides the reader in the integration of visual findings that are revealed via the laryngoscope to better identify disordered physiology and further patient management.