Bonds and Energy Bands

  • C. Barry CarterEmail author
  • M. Grant Norton


We can divide interatomic bonds into two categories.


Lattice Energy Ionic Character Hamaker Constant Hybrid Orbital Secondary Bond 
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General References

  1. Huheey JE, Keiter EA, Keiter RL (1997) Inorganic chemistry: principles of structure and reactivity, 4th edn. Prentice Hall, London, If the different interactions are not familiar to you from introductory chemistry or materials science classes, this text covers the material in some detailGoogle Scholar
  2. Kittel C (2004) Introduction to solid state physics, 8th edn. Wiley, New York, A more rigorous and mathematical treatment of energy bands than we give in this chapterGoogle Scholar
  3. Pauling L (1960) The nature of the chemical bond. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, Often referenced and well worth seeingGoogle Scholar

Specific References

  1. Born M (1919) A thermo-chemical application of the lattice theory. Verhandl Deut Phys Ges 21:13–24Google Scholar
  2. Born M, Mayer JE (1932) Lattice theory of ionic crystals. Z Phys 75:1–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chase MW Jr (1998) NIST-JANAF thermochemical tables. American Chemical Society/American Institute of Physics for the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Washington D.C./New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. Haber F (1919) Theory of the heat of reaction. Verhandl Deut Phys Ges 21:750–768Google Scholar
  5. Hamaker HC (1937) London-van der Waals attraction between spherical particles. Physica 4:1058–1072, The originalCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Johnson DA (1982) Some thermodynamic aspects of inorganic chemistry, 2nd edn. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UKGoogle Scholar
  7. Kubaschewski O, Alcock CB, Spencer PJ (1993) Materials thermochemistry, 6th edn. Elsevier, Oxford, UKGoogle Scholar
  8. Lande A (1920) Size of atoms. Z Phys 1:191–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Lifshitz EM (1956) The theory of molecular attractive forces between solids. Sov Phys JETP USSR 2:73Google Scholar
  10. Madelung E (1918) The electric field in systems of regularly arranged point charges. Physik Z 19:524–532Google Scholar
  11. Shannon RD (1976) Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and chalcogenides. Acta Cryst A 32:751CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Shannon RD, Prewitt CT (1969) Effective ionic radii in oxides and fluorides. Acta Cryst B 25:925, Gives the alternatives to Pauling’s radiiCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. vanVechten JA (1973) Quantum dielectric theory of electronegativity in covalent systems. III. Pressure-temperature phase diagrams, heats of mixing, and distribution coefficients. Phys Rev B 7:1479CrossRefGoogle Scholar


  1. Roger French’s site for calculating the Hamaker constant

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical, Materials and Biomolecular EngineeringUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA
  2. 2.School of Mechanical and Materials EngineeringWashington State UniversityPullmanUSA

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