Classification and Anomaly Detection for Astronomical Survey Data

  • Marc Henrion
  • Daniel J. Mortlock
  • David J. Hand
  • Axel Gandy
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Astrostatistics book series (SSIA, volume 1)

Abstract

We present two statistical techniques for astronomical problems: a star-galaxy separator for the UKIRT Infrared Deep Sky Survey (UKIDSS) and a novel anomaly detection method for cross-matched astronomical datasets. The star-galaxy separator is a statistical classification method which outputs class membership probabilities rather than class labels and allows the use of prior knowledge about the source populations. Deep Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) data from the multiply imaged Stripe 82 region are used to check the results from our classifier, which compares favourably with the UKIDSS pipeline classification algorithm. The anomaly detection method addresses the problem posed by objects having different sets of recorded variables in cross-matched datasets. This prevents the use of methods unable to handle missing values and makes direct comparison between objects difficult. For each source, our method computes anomaly scores in subspaces of the observed feature space and combines them to an overall anomaly score. The proposed technique is very general and can easily be used in applications other than astronomy. The properties and performance of our method are investigated using both real and simulated datasets.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marc Henrion
    • 1
  • Daniel J. Mortlock
    • 2
  • David J. Hand
    • 3
  • Axel Gandy
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsImperial College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Astrophysics Group, Dept. of Physics, and Statistics Group, Dept. of MathematicsImperial College, LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.Dept. of Mathematics.Imperial College, LondonLondonUK
  4. 4.Statistics Group, Dept. of MathematicsImperial College, LondonLondonUK

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