Urbanization, Local Government, and Planning for Sustainability

Abstract

Local governments are in a unique position to manifest and implement the practices of sustainability. They possess a decision-making apparatus that allows sustainability practices to be readily implemented; they are the institutions closest to the people and whose decisions reflect on developing the holistic health of the community, meaning that the goals of equity, economy and environmental quality must all be satisfied equally; and they are the institutions that are most directly accountable to the people. This chapter discusses the origins and principles of sustainability planning for cities, various strategies for implementation, and concludes by providing a case study of a sustainability plan for the city of Manila, Philippines.

Keywords

Urban sustainability Sustainability metrics Urban planning Manila, Philippines 

References

  1. ADB (Asian Development Bank) (2001) Asian environmental outlook 2001. ADB, ManilaGoogle Scholar
  2. Basiago A (1999) Economic, social, and environmental sustainability in development theory and urban planning practice. Environmental 19:145–161Google Scholar
  3. Bugliarello G (2006) Urban sustainability: dilemmas, challenges and paradigms. Technol Soc 28:19–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Choguill C (1993) Sustainable cities: urban policies for the future. Habitat Int 17:3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Claudio C (2010) Climate change adaptation. Business World, June 15Google Scholar
  6. Davis C (2008) Monthly update: urbanization and environmental sustainability, Earthtrends, World Resources, FebruaryGoogle Scholar
  7. Dobbs R, Sankhe S (2010) Comparing urbanization in China and India. McKinley Quarterly, JulyGoogle Scholar
  8. Evans J, Sunback T (2005) Governing sustainable cities. Earthscan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  9. Friedman J (1987) Planning in the public domain: from knowledge to action. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  10. Global Compact Cities Programme (2010) Sustainable cities, vol 1. United National global compact, Executive summary, p 6Google Scholar
  11. Justus F, Taylor R (2011) Introduction, Are cities sustainable? In: Taylor R (ed) Taking sides: clashing issues in sustainability. Mc-Graw Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. Kennedy C (2012) A mathematical description of urban metabolism. In: Weinstein MP, Eugene Turner R (eds) Sustainability science: the emerging paradigm and the urban environment. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  13. Kent P (2005) Civic engagement and sustainable cities. Publ Admin Rev 65:579–591Google Scholar
  14. Leitman J (1999) Sustaining cities. McGraw Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  15. Manila Bulletin (2010) (Environment and Nature B-10 Section), UN warns of mega-disasters due to extreme weather conditions. Tuesday, June 8Google Scholar
  16. McDonough W, Braungart R (2002) Cradle to cradle: remaking the way we make things. North Point Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. Moore S (ed) (2010) Pragmatic sustainability. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  18. Newman P, Jennings I (2008) Cities as sustainable ecosystems. Island Press, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  19. Nijkamp P (1990) Sustainability of urban systems. Averbury, AldershotGoogle Scholar
  20. Ooi GL (2009) Challenges of sustainability for Asian urbanization. Curr Opin Environ Sustain 1:187–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Owen D (2009) The green metropolis. Penguin Group, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  22. Putnam R (1993) Making democracy work: civic traditions in modern Italy. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  23. Ravetz J (2000) City-region 2020. Earthscan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  24. Rees W, Wackernagel M (1996) Urban ecological footprints: why cities cannot be sustainable and why they are a key to sustainability. Environ Impact Assess Rev 16:223–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Roe E, van Eeten M (2001) Threshold-based resource management: a framework for comprehensive ecosystem management. Environ Manage 27:195–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Romaya S, Radoki C (eds) (2002) Building urban settlements: approaches and case studies in the developing world. ITDG Publishing, LondonGoogle Scholar
  27. Satterwaite D (1997) Sustainable cities or cities that contribute to sustainable development. Urban Stud 34:1667–1691CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Schulz V (ed) (2002) Urbanization and transition to sustainability. International human dimensions program on global environmental change. FRG, BonnGoogle Scholar
  29. Sterman JD (2012) Sustaining sustainability: creating a systems science in a fragmented academy and polarized world. In: Weinstein MP, Eugene Turner R (eds) Sustainability science: the emerging paradigm and the urban environment. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  30. Taylor R (1994) The best of Burnham: the Philippine plans. Plann Hist 16:14–17Google Scholar
  31. Taylor R (2005) Beneficial urban sustainability in Asia: the metro-Manila Philippines experience. In: Feng H, Yu L, Soleki W (eds) Urban dimensions of environmental change—science, exposures, policies and technologies. Science Press, MontclairGoogle Scholar
  32. Taylor R, Carandang J (2010) Sustainability planning for Philippine cities. De La Salle University, Yuchengco Center, ManilaGoogle Scholar
  33. Taylor R, Carandang J (2011) Sustainability and redevelopment in the City of Manila, Philippines. Human Ecol 23:14–21Google Scholar
  34. United Nations Center for Human Settlements (UNCHS) (1996) An urbanizing world: global report on human settlement. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  35. UNCHS (2001) The state of the world’s cities report. Haitat, NairobiGoogle Scholar
  36. United States Asian Environmental Partnership (1999) Place-based public policy in southeast Asia: developing, managing, and innovating for sustainability. USAEP, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  37. Wackernagel M, Rees W (1996) Our ecological footprint. New Society Publishers, Gabriola, British ColumbiaGoogle Scholar
  38. WCED (1987) Our common future. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  39. Weiland U, Hilty L (1998) Sustainable urban management: opportunities and risks of information technology. In: Hamm L, Muttagu S (eds) Sustainable development and the future of cities. ITDG Publishing, LondonGoogle Scholar
  40. Wheeler S (2004) Planning for sustainability: creating livable, equitable and ecological communities. Routledge, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Wood J (2007) Synergy city; planning for a high density, super-symbiotic society. Landscape Urban Plan 83:77–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Internet Sources

  1. Bendle Group (2006) Sustainable management plan: City of Steamboat Springs, Colorado. Steamboat Springs, Colorado, www.steamboatsprings.net; retrieved January 12, 2009
  2. Glaeser E (2009) Help the environment, stay in the city, www.dcexaminer.com; retrieved January 8, 2008
  3. Kaufman L (2011) A city prepares for a warm long-term forecast. New York Times, retrieved May 22, 2011Google Scholar
  4. Living Cities (2009) Green cities: how urban sustainability efforts can and must drive America’s climate change policies, www.livingcities.org; retrieved May 5, 2009
  5. Makati Model (2009) Sustainable development in Makati: environmental management plan, http://cityriskpedia.com; retrieved May 8, 2009Google Scholar
  6. Ontario Model (2007) Ontario community sustainability report, http://pubs.pembina.org/reports; retrieved May 10, 2009
  7. Sustainable Cities Index (2010) www.forumforthefuture.org; retrieved July 12, 2011

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Earth and Environmental StudiesMontclair State UniversityMontclairUSA

Personalised recommendations