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Glioma pp 187-200 | Cite as

Dendritic Cell Vaccines

  • Ryuya YamanakaEmail author
  • Koji Kajiwara
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 746)

Abstract

Despite progress in brain tumor therapy, the prognosis of malignant glioma patients remains dismal. Among the new treatments currently being investigated, immunotherapy is theoretically very attractive since it offers the potential for high tumor-specific cytotoxicity. Increasing numbers of reports demonstrate that systemic immunotherapy using dendritic cells is capable of inducing an antiglioma response. Therefore, dendritic cell-based immunotherapy could be a new treatment modality for patients with glioma. In this chapter, we will discuss the implications of these findings for glioma therapy, reviewing current literature on dendritic cell-based glioma immunotherapy. We will overview the role of dendritic cells in immunobiology, the central nervous system and tumor immunology, before outlining dendritic cell therapy results in clinical trials and future directions. Dendritic cell-based immunotherapy strategies appear promising as an approach to successfully induce an antitumor immune response in patients with glioma, where it seems to be safe and without major side effects. The development of methods for manipulating dendritic cells for the purpose of vaccination will enhance the clinical usefulness of these cells for biotherapy. Its efficacy should be further determined in randomized, controlled clinical trials.

Keywords

Dendritic Cell Major Histocompatibility Complex Class Malignant Glioma Tumor Lysate Antitumor Immune Response 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Landes Bioscience and Springer Science+Business Media 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kyoto Prefectural University of MedicineKyoto
  2. 2.Yamaguchi University School of MedicineUbeJapan

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