The Stockholm Gang Intervention and Prevention Project (SGIP): Introducing a Holistic Approach to Gang Enforcement

  • Amir Rostami
  • Fredrik Leinfelt


The notion or idea of “gangs” is frequently encountered in American research on the causes of juvenile delinquency and is even incorporated into early theoretical work (e.g., Cohen AK (1955) Delinquent boys. The Free Press, Glencoe; Cloward RA, Ohlin LE (1960) Delinquency and opportunity: a theory of delinquent gangs. Free Press, Glencoe; Thrasher FM (1927) The gang: a study of 1.313 gangs in Chicago. University of Chicago Press, Chicago; Merton RK (1968) Social theory and social structure. The Free Press, New York; Sutherland Edwin H (1924) Criminology. University of Chicago Press, Chicago; Miller WB (1970) Youth gangs in the urban crisis era. In: Short JF (ed) Delinquency, crime and society. University of Chicago Press, Chigago; Shaw CR, Mackay HD (1942) Juvenile delinquency and urban areas. A study of rates of delinquents in relation to differential characteristics of local communities in American cities. University of Chicago Press, Chicago). Previous research and scholarly interest have primarily been focused on American gangs, although more and more attention has recently been paid to European gang research (e.g., Bradshaw P (2005) Terrors and young teams: youth gangs and delinquency in Edinburg. In: Decker SH, Weerman FM (eds) European street gangs and troublesome youth groups. AltaMira, Lanham [Scotland]; Esbensen FA, Weerman FM (2005) Youth gangs and troublesome youth groups in the United States and the Netherlands: a cross-national comparison. Eur J Criminol 2:5–37 [the Netherlands]; Huizinga D, Schumann K (2001) Gang membership in Bremen and Denver: comparative longitudinal data. In: Klein MW, Kerner HJ, Maxson CL, Wietekamp E (eds) The Eurogang paradox. Kluwer, London [Germany]). This chapter will examine the early criminal network and gang development research in Sweden and delineate some of the police responses to the phenomenon. Furthermore, this chapter will address recent gang developments in Sweden and highlight the essential components and working mechanisms of the Stockholm Gang Intervention and Prevention Project (SGIP)—a holistic enforcement response to the growing gang problem in Sweden.


Organize Crime Social Network Analysis Gang Member Criminal Network Street Gang 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Bichler G, Malm A (2008) A social network analysis of the evolution of the environmental criminology and crime analysis (ECCA) symposiums. Crime Patterns Anal 1:5–22Google Scholar
  2. BIS (1999). Polismyndigheten i Stockholms län. Beslut i stort, Södertörns polimästardistrikt. Stockholm, Sweden.Google Scholar
  3. Curry GD, Decker SH (2003) Confronting gangs: crime and community, 2nd edn. Roxbury, Los AngelesGoogle Scholar
  4. Decker SH, van Winkle B (1996) Life in the gang: family, friends, and violence. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  5. Goldstein H (1990) Problem-oriented policing. Temple University Press, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  6. Horowitz R (1991) Sociological perspectives on gangs: conflicting definitions and concepts. In: Huff CR (ed) Gangs in America. Sage, Newbury ParkGoogle Scholar
  7. Kelling GL, Coles C (1996) Fixing broken windows: restoring order and reducing crime in our communities. Martin Kessler Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. Klein MW (1995) The American street gang: its nature, prevalence, and control. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. Klein MW, Maxson CL (2006) Street gang patterns and policies. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  10. Malm A (2006) Marijuana cultivation in British Columbia: using spatial and social network analysis techniques to inform evidence-based policy and planning. Simon Fraser University, BurnabyGoogle Scholar
  11. McFeely RA (2001) Enterprise theory of investigation. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  12. Pettersson T (2002) Tre aspekter på brottsliga nätverk: supporterbråk, etnicitet och genus. Kriminologiska Institutionen, Stockholms Universitet, StockholmGoogle Scholar
  13. Rostami A, Leinfelt F, Brotherton D, Holgersson S (forthcoming) The gang leader typologyGoogle Scholar
  14. Sarnecki J (2001) Delinquent networks: youth co-offending in Stockholm. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Sarnecki J, Pettersson T (2001) Criminal Networks in Stockholm. In: Klein MW, Kerner HJ, Maxson CL, Weitekam EGM (eds) The eurogang paradox: street gangs and youth groups in the US and Europe. Kluwer, Dordrecht/BostonGoogle Scholar
  16. SOU (2010) Utredningen mot kriminella grupperingar (2010) Kriminella grupperingar: ­motverka rekrytering och underlätta avhopp Betänkande. Stockholm, FritzeGoogle Scholar
  17. Stovin G, Davies C (2008) Beyond the network: a crime science approach to organized crime. Policing 2:497–505CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Thrasher FM (1927) The gang: a study of 1.313 gangs in Chicago. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  19. van Gemert F, Petersen D, Lien IL (eds) Street gangs, migration and ethnicity. Willan, PortlandGoogle Scholar
  20. Wierup L, Larsson M (2007) Svensk maffia: en kartläggning av de kriminella gängen. Norstedt, StockholmGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Stockholm Gang Intervention and Prevention ProjectStockholm County Police Department & Linnaeus UniversityStockholmSweden

Personalised recommendations