Household Production and Racial Intermarriage

  • Shoshana Grossbard
  • Jose Ignacio Gimenez-Nadal
  • Jose Alberto Molina
Chapter

Abstract

One aspect of marital matching is whether individuals marry within their own race/ethnicity (homogamy) or intermarry. This chapter examines black/white intermarriage in light of a model based on an analysis of markets for Work-In-Household (WiHo) presented in Chaps. 2 and 3. Evidence of discrimination against blacks in such marriage markets is uncovered from an empirical analysis of American data for the years 2003-2009. It is found that white women married to black men devote 0.4 fewer hours per day to chores than their counterparts in all-white marriages, which is comparable to the effect of a child on their hours of chores. Furthermore, white men work less at housework when in couple with black women than when in all-white couples. These findings are consistent with markets for WiHo establishing lower prices of WiHo supplied by blacks than by whites. Conversely, blacks appear to do more chores if they are in couple with whites than when in all-black couples. Results are mostly for weekdays, not weekends, which is to be expected if underlying these results are differences in the price of Work-In-Household and on weekends home production is less likely to be considered as a chore. That our results are stronger for married than unmarried couples indicates that exchanges of WiHo for money are more likely to occur among married couples. Racial intermarriage differentials in hours of household work seem to be more prevalent among the U.S.-born than the foreign-born, possibly indicating less marriage market discrimination against foreign-born blacks.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shoshana Grossbard
    • 1
  • Jose Ignacio Gimenez-Nadal
    • 1
  • Jose Alberto Molina
    • 1
  1. 1.San Diego State University and IZASan DiegoUSA

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