Peace Psychology in Australia pp 305-318

Part of the Peace Psychology Book Series book series (PPBS)

A Peace-building Paradigm for Peace Psychology



Whilst not prominent in psychological approaches to peace – both in Australia and internationally – ‘peacebuilding’ is an important and distinct paradigm in the multidisciplinary field of peace studies and conflict resolution. Contributions towards understanding and approaching direct violence have been more prominent with psychology than the more positive focus of peacebuilding. In this chapter, peacebuilding is presented as an important part of peace psychology into the future. This chapter provides a brief familiarisation of the peacebuilding paradigm (and how peace psychology may be situated to contribute therein). The theoretical emphasis is on the influential peacebuilding approach of scholar-practitioner John Paul Lederach, as representative of a contemporary peacebuilding paradigm that aims to develop more culturally derived, less linear and more inclusive (multi-level and multi-sectoral) approaches to peace. How reconciliation is understood and situated within the peacebuilding paradigm is also given attention because it contrasts with the more discrete treatment it receives in psychology and the Australian context. The chapter considers whether peacebuilding as a paradigm can enhance efforts by Australian scholars and practitioners to contribute to the building of a sustainable peace. An extension of this is whether we can link contemporary peacebuilding endeavours to more strategic and reflective practice – to develop, challenge or even transform our own thinking, approaches and methods for peace psychology in Australia.


  1. Anderson, M., & Olson, L. (2003). Confronting war: Critical lessons for peace practitioners. Reflecting on peace practice project. Cambridge, MA: The Collaborative for Development Action.Google Scholar
  2. Boutros, B.-G. (1992). An agenda for peace. Geneva, Switzerland: United Nations.Google Scholar
  3. Christie, D. J., Tint, B. S., Wagner, R. V., & Winter, D. D. (2008). Peace psychology for a peaceful world. American Psychologist, 63(6), 540–552.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. CDA Collaborative Learning Projects Reflecting on Peace Practice (RPP) Project Website. (n.d.). Last retrieved on January 10, 2011, from
  5. CDA Collaborative Learning Projects (2009). Reflecting on Peace Practice: Participant Training Manual. CDA Collaborative Learning Projects: Cambridge, MA. Last retrieved on December 11, 2011 from:­manual_rev_20090104_Pdf.pdf
  6. Dugan, M. (1996). A nested theory of conflict. Women in Leadership, 1(1), 9–20.Google Scholar
  7. Galtung, J. (1976). Three approaches to peace: Peacekeeping, peacemaking, and peacebuilding. In J. Galtung (Ed.), Peace, War and defence: Essays in peace research, Vol. II (pp. 297–298). Copenhagen, Denmark: Christian Ejlers.Google Scholar
  8. Lederach, J. P. (1995). Preparing for peace: Conflict transformation across cultures. New York: Syracuse University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Lederach, J. P. (1997). Building peace: Sustainable reconciliation in divided societies. Washington, DC: U.S. Institute of Peace Press.Google Scholar
  10. Lederach, J. P. (2005). The moral imagination: The Art and soul of building peace. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Peacebuilding Initiative website (n.d.). Last retrieved on January 10, 2010, at
  12. Ramsbotham, O., Woodhouse, T., & Miall, H. (2005). Contemporary conflict resolution (2nd ed.). Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  13. Reconciliation Australia Website (n.d.). Last retrieved on January 10, 2010, from
  14. United Nations. (1992, June 17). Report of the secretary general. An agenda for peace (A/47/277-S/24111). Retrieved from the web on June 20, 2011, from
  15. United Nations. (1998). Report of the secretary general. Report 66. Retrieved from web (The Peacebuilding Initiative Website) on January 10, 2011, from

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Social Science ResearchThe University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia

Personalised recommendations