A Brief History of the Bong-Han Theory and the Primo Vascular System

  • Kwang-Sup Soh
Conference paper


A short history of the Bong-Han theory is presented. The original work by Bong-Han Kim in the Kyung-Rak Research Institute of North Korea in the early 1960s is described. The follow-up research by Fujiwara in Japan is briefly mentioned. Modern development since the rediscovery of the primo vascular system by the Seoul National University team is given in chronological order.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nano Primo Research Center, Advanced Institute of Convergence TechnologySeoul National UniversitySuwonKorea

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