The Role of the Basal Stem Cell of the Human Breast in Normal Development and Cancer

  • Jose RussoEmail author
  • Irma H. Russo
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 720)


MCF-10F, an ERα negative human breast epithelial cell line derived from normal breast tissue, is able to form ductal structures in a tridimensional collagen matrix system. MCF-10F cells that are estrogen transformed (trMCF cells) progressively express phenotypes of in vitro cell transformation, including colony formation in agar methocel and loss of the ductulogenic capacity. Selection of these trMCF cells for invasiveness identified cells (bcMCF) that formed tumors in severe combined immunodeficient mice. The cell lines derived from those tumors (caMCF) were poorly differentiated ER, PR, and ERBB2 negative adenocarcinomas. These characteristics are similar to the human basal cell-like carcinomas. This in vitro–in vivo model demonstrates the importance of the basal cell type as a stem cell that reconstitutes the branching pattern of the breast and that is also target of a carcinogenic insult leading to transformation and cancer.


Breast Cell Line Human Breast Epithelial Cell Malignant Cell Transformation Human Breast Epithelial Cell Line Premenopausal African American Woman 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Work supported by grant U01 ES/CA 12771 from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI), NIH, DHHS. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the NIEHS or NCI, NIH.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Breast Cancer Research Laboratory, Women Cancer ProgramFox Chase Cancer CenterPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Breast Cancer Research Laboratory, Women Cancer ProgramFox Chase Cancer CenterPhiladelphiaUSA

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