New Augmented Reality Taxonomy: Technologies and Features of Augmented Environment

  • Olivier HuguesEmail author
  • Philippe Fuchs
  • Olivier Nannipieri


This article has a dual aim: firstly to define augmented reality (AR) environments and secondly, based on our definition, a new taxonomy enabling these environments to be classified. After briefly reviewing existing classifications, we define AR by its purpose, ie. to enable someone to create sensory-motor and cognitive activities in a new space combining the real environment and a virtual environment. Below we present our functional taxonomy of AR environments. We divide these environments into two distinct groups. The first concerns the different functionalities enabling us to discover and understand our environment, an augmented perception of reality. The second corresponds to applications whose aim is to create an artificial environment. Finally, more than a functional difference, we demonstrate that it is possible to consider that both types of AR have a pragmatic purpose. The difference therefore seems to lie in the ability of both types of AR to free themselves or not of location in time and space.


Virtual Environment Augmented Reality Real Object Real Image Virtual Object 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olivier Hugues
    • 1
    Email author
  • Philippe Fuchs
    • 2
  • Olivier Nannipieri
    • 3
  1. 1.ESTIA Recherche, MaxSea, LaBRIBidartFrance
  2. 2.Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality TeamÉcole des Mines ParisTechParisFrance
  3. 3.Université du Sud, Toulon, and Université de la MéditerranéeMarseilleFrance

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