Relationships between Psychodynamic and Behavior Therapies

  • John M. Rhoads


Recent years have seen some constructive efforts at the reconciliation of behavior therapy and psychodynamic therapies (Marmor & Woods, 1980; Wachtel, 1977; Wachtel, 1982). These are in happy contrast to the antagonistic polemics that have taken place in the past. For the most part, adherents of each have had little comprehension of the goals and methods of the other and have simply reiterated their own idealistic stances rather than look for common ground or seek to understand the real differences. In view of recent cutbacks in insurance funding for mental health care, the erosive effects of inflation on income available for care, and the push to document the effectiveness of treatments, it seems imperative that we try to determine which therapy or which combination of therapies works best for what conditions and which are most cost-effective.


Behavior Therapy Behavioral Method Psychodynamic Therapy Analytic Therapist Hand Washing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Alexander, F. The dynamics of psychotherapy in the light of learning theory. American Journal of Psychiatry,1963 ,120,440–448.Google Scholar
  2. Bandura, A. Principles of behavior modification.New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1969.Google Scholar
  3. Feather, B. W., & Rhoads, J. M. Psychodynamic behavior therapy II. Clinical aspects. Archives of General Psychiatry,1972 ,26,503–511.Google Scholar
  4. French, T. M. Interrelations between psychoanalysis and the experimental work of Pavlov. American Journal of Psychiatry,1933 ,89,1165–1203.Google Scholar
  5. Freud, S. The interpretation of dreams. In Standard Edition(Vol. 4). London: Hogarth Press, 1958. (Originally Published, 1900.)Google Scholar
  6. Marmor J., & Woods, S. M .The interface between the psychodynamic and behavioral therapies.New York: Plenum Press, 1980.Google Scholar
  7. Rhoads, J. M. The integration of behavior therapy and psychoanalytic theory. Journal of Psychiatric Treatment and Evaluation,1981 ,3,1–6.Google Scholar
  8. Rhoads, J. M., & Feather, B. W. Transference and resistance observed in behavior therapy .British Journal of Medical Psycholology,1972 ,45,99–103Google Scholar
  9. Rhoads, J. M., & Feather, B. W. The application of psychodynamics to behavior therapy .American Journal of Psychiatry,1974 ,131,17–20.Google Scholar
  10. Sloane, R. B., Staples, F. R., Cristol, A. H., Yorkston, M. A., & Whipple, R. Short-term analytically oriented psychotherapy versus behavior therapy .American Journal of Psychiatry,1975 ,132,373–377.Google Scholar
  11. Wachtel, P. L. Psychoanalysis and behavior therapy; Toward an integration.New York: Basic Books, 1977.Google Scholar
  12. Wachtel, P. L. Resistance: Psychodynamic and behavioral approaches.New York: Plenum Press, 1982.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • John M. Rhoads
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryDuke University Medical CenterDurhamUSA

Personalised recommendations