Syringeal Structure and Avian Phonation

  • Abbot S. Gaunt
  • Sandra L. L. Gaunt
Part of the Current Ornithology book series (CUOR, volume 2)


Studies of syringeal function have historically been hampered by two difficulties, one technical and one perceptual. The technical difficulty is that because the syrinx is at the base of a long trachea and because its functioning is distorted if the surrounding interclavicular airsac is ruptured, direct observation of natural syringeal function has so far proved impossible. Hence, all analyses of syringeal function are based on indirect evidence. Such evidence may be obtained from dissections, manipulations of extracted syrinxes, models, analyses of physiological events associated with phonation, or analyses of the sounds produced.


Lateral Membrane Sound Production Tracheal Resonance Distress Call Extrinsic Muscle 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abbot S. Gaunt
    • 1
  • Sandra L. L. Gaunt
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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