Newcastle Disease Diagnosis

  • D. J. Alexander
Part of the Developments in Veterinary Virology book series (DVVI, volume 8)

Abstract

The diagnosis of Newcastle disease (ND) has never been straightforward. In the the first descriptions of ND, differentiation was made from a number of other diseases that produced basically similar signs. It is surprising therefore that, with what we would regard today as relatively unsophisticated tools, researchers and diagnosticians such as Doyle (1) were convinced from the outset that they were recording a disease that had been unreported prior to their observations.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Doyle, T.M. J. comp. path. 40: 144–169, 1927.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    McFerran, J.B. and McCracken, R.M. In: Newcastle Disease, (Ed Alexander, D.J.) Martinus Nijhoff, Boston, 1988.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kaleta, E.F and Baldauf, C. In: Newcastle Disease. (Ed Alexander, D.J.) Martinus Nijhoff, Boston, 1988.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Beard, C.W. and Hanson, R.P. In: Diseases of Poultry. (Ed Hofstad, M.S.) Iowa State University Press, Ames, 1981.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Alexander, D.J. and Allan, W.H. Avian Path. 3: 269–278, 1973.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lancaster, J.E. Newcastle Disease. Monograph No. 3. Canada Dept. Agriculture, Ottawa, 1966.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Omojola, E. and Hanson, R.P. World Anim. Rev. 60: 38–40, 1986.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Shortridge, K.F., Allan, W.H. and Alexander, D.J. Newcastle Disease Laboratory Diagnosis and Vaccine Evaluation, Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong, 1982.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    National Academy of Science Methods for Examining Poultry Biologics and for Identifying and Quantifying Avian Pathogens. National Academy of Science, Washington D.C., 1971.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Alexander, D.J. In: Newcastle Disease. (Ed Alexander, D.J.) Martinus Nijhoff, Boston, 1988, pp 11–22.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hannoun, C. Biol. Standard,, 39: 461–468, 1977.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Alexander, D.J., Russell, P.H. and Collins, M.S. Vet. Rec. 114: 444–446, 1984.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    McNulty, M.S., Adair, B.M., O’Loan, C.J. and Allan, G.J.M. Avian Path. in press.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Alexander, D.J., Manvell, R.J., Kemp, P.A., Parsons, G., Collins, M.S., Brockman, S., Russell, P.H. and Lister, S.A. Avian Path. 16: 553–563, 1987.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Meulemans, G., Gonze, M., Carlier, M.C., Petit, P., Burny, A. and Le Long, Archiv Virol 92: 55–62, 1987.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Srinivasappa, G.B., Snyder, D.B., Marquardt, W.W. and King, D.J. Avian Dis. 30: 562–567, 1986.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Erdei, J., Erdei, J., Bachir, K., Kaleta, E.F., Shortridge, K.F. and Lomniczi, B. Arch. Virol. 96: 265–260, 1987.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Bennejean, G. In: Newcastle Disease (Ed Alexander, D.J.) Martinus Nijhoff, Boston, 1988.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hanson, R.P. and Brandly, C.A. Science 122: 156–157, 1955.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Allan, W.H., Lancaster, J.E. and Toth, B. Newcastle disease vaccines. FAO, Rome, 1978.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hanson, R.P. In: Isolation and Identification of Avian Pathogens. (Ed S.B. Hitchner) Am. Assoc. Avian Path., College Station, Texas, pp 160–173, 1975.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    European Pharmacopoeia Second Edition, CEC, Brussels pp 450.1–450.4, 1985.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Hanson, R.P. In: Isolation and Identification of Avian Pathogens. (ed. S.B. Hitchner) Am. Assoc. Avian Path., College Station, Texas, pp 63–66, 1980.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Reeve, P. and Poste, G. J. gen. Virol. 11: 17–24, 1971.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Nagai, Y., Ogusa, H. and Klenk, H.D. Virol. 69: 523–538, 1976.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Rott, R. Berl. Munch. Tierarztl. Wschr. 98: 37–39, 1985.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    McMillan, B.C. and Hanson, R.P. Avian Dis. 26: 332–339, 1982.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Nagy, E. and Lomniczi, B. J. Virol. Meth. 9: 227–235, 1984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Russell, P.H. and Alexander, D.J. Archiv. Virol. 75: 243–253, 1983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Nishakawa, K., Isomura, S., Suzuki, S., Wanatabe, E., Hamaguchi, M., Yoshida, T. and Nagai, Y. Virol. 130: 318–330, 1983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Hoshi, S., Mikami, T., Nagata, K., Onvina, M. and Izawa, H. Archiv. Virol. 76: 145–151, 1983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Ishida, M., Nerome, K., Matsumoto, M., Mikami, T. and Oya, A. Archiv. Virolo. 85: 109–121, 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Erdei, J., Erdei, J., Bachir, K., Kaleta, E.F., Shortridge, K.F. and Lomniczi, B. Archiv. Virol. 96: 265–269, 1987.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Russell, P.H. In: Newcastle Disease (Ed Alexander, D.J.) Martinus Nijhoff, Boston, 1988, pp 131–146.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Alexander, D.J. and 25 co-authors Avian Path. 14: 365–376, 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Alexander, D.J. and Parsons, G. Avian Path. 15: 487–493, 1986.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Alexander, D.J., Wilson, G.W.C., Russell, P.H., Lister, S.A. and Parsons, G. Vet. Rec. 117: 429–434, 1985.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Hilbink, R., Vertommen, M. and Van’t Veer, J.T.W. Tijdschr. Diergeneesk, 107: 167–173, 1982.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    McNulty, M.S. and Allan, G.M. In: Recent Advances in Virus Diagnosis (Ed. McNulty, M.S. and McFerran, J.B.) Martinus Nijhoff, Dordrecht, 1986, pp 15–26.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Wilson, R.A., Perrotta, C., Frey, B. and Eckroade, R.J. Avian Dis. 28: 1079–1085, 1984.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Meulemans, G., Carlier, M.C., Gonze, M., Petit, P. and Halen, P. Zbl. Vet. Med. B. 31: 690–700, 1984.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Rivetz, B., Weisman, Y., Ritterband, M., Fish, F. and Herzberg, M. Avian Dis. 29: 929–942, 1985.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Snyder, D.B., Marquardt, W.W., Mallinson, E.T. and Russek, E. Avian Dis. 27: 161–170, 1983.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Miers, L.A., Bankowski, R.A. and Zee, Y.C. Avian Dis. 27: 1112–1125, 1983.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Thayer, S.G., Nersessian, B.N., Rivetz, B. and Fletcher, O.J. Avian Dis. 31: 459–463, 1987.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Snyder, D.B., Marquardt, W.W., Mallinson, E.T., Savage, P.K. and Allen, D.C. Avian Dis. 28: 12–24, 1984.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Chu, H.P., Snell, G., Alexander, D.J. and Schild, G.C. Avian Path. 11: 227–234, 1982.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Hari Babu, Y. Ind. Vet. J. 63: 982–984, 1986.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Gelb, J. and Cianci, C.G. Poult. Sci. 66: 845–853, 1987.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Allan, W.H. and Gough, R.E. Vet. Rec. 95: 120–123, 1974.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Alexander, D.J., Allan, W.H., Biggs, P.M., Bracewell, CD., Darbyshire, J.H., Dawson, P.S., Harris, A.H., Jordan, F.T.W., MacPherson, I., McFerran, J.B., Randall, C.J., Stuart, J.C., Swarbrick, O. and Wilding, G.P. Vet. Rec. 113: 64, 1983PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Brugh, M. Avian Dis. 22: 362–365, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Brugh, M., Beard, C.W. and Wilkes, W.J. Avian Dis. 22: 320–328, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Beard, C.W. and Wilkes, W.J. Avian Dis. 29: 1048–1056, 1986.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Stewart, D.L., Hebert, C.N. and Davidson, I. Bull. Wld. Hlth. Org. 38: 925–928, 1968Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. J. Alexander
    • 1
  1. 1.Poultry DepartmentCentral Veterinary LaboratoryNew Haw, Weybridge, SurreyUK

Personalised recommendations