Enveloped Virus Maturation at Restricted Membrane Domains

  • Richard W. Compans


Synthesis and assembly of the envelope proteins of lipid-containing viruses require the biosynthetic and transport processes involved in cellular membrane biogenesis, and such viruses have therefore been used extensively for investigation of these processes. With the exception of poxviruses, which assemble their membranes de novo in the cytoplasm, the assembly of enveloped viruses takes place on preformed cellular membranes. The precise location at which assembly occurs is a distinctive characteristic that is highly conserved among structurally similar viruses. Herpesvirus maturation occurs by budding at the inner nuclear membrane. Coronaviruses are assembled at the rough endoplasmic reticulum, and bunyaviruses bud at membranes of the Golgi complex. Virus particles of several other families are formed by budding at the plasma membrane. Polarized epithelial cells exhibit distinct apical and basolateral surface domains separated by tight junctions, and it has been observed that assembly of enveloped viruses occurs at one or the other of these membrane domains. Thus, with the exception of mitochondrial membranes, any membrane of the cell is known to be capable of serving as a virus maturation site.


Influenza Virus MDCK Cell Basolateral Membrane Avian Influenza Virus Golgi Complex 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard W. Compans
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Alabama in BirminghamUSA

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