• B. C. Wentworth
  • R. K. Ringer


The thyroid glands in avian species are paired organs, oval in shape and dark red in color, with a glistening appearance. They are located on either side of the trachea on the ventral-lateral aspect of the neck just exterior to the thoracic cavity (Figure 20–1) and can be found adhering to the common carotid artery just above the junction of the common carotid with the subclavian artery. They are situated medial to the jugular vein.


Thyroid Hormone Thyroid Gland Thyroid Function Secretion Rate Japanese Quail 
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© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. C. Wentworth
  • R. K. Ringer

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