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Nosocomial Viral Infections

  • Larry J. Anderson
  • Stephen C. Hadler
  • Carlos Lopez
  • William R. Jarvis
  • Susan Fisher-Hoch
  • Walter W. Bond
  • Daniel B. Fishbein
Chapter
  • 371 Downloads

Abstract

Disease: Viral infections and their associated illnesses acquired in the hospital or other health care facility.

Etiologic Agents: Gastroenteritis viruses (Norwalk and Norwalk-like viruses, Rotavirus); viral hemorrhagic fever viruses (Lassa virus, Ebola and Marburg viruses, Congo- Crimean hemorrhagic fever virus); hepatitis viruses (hepatitis A virus, hepatitis B virus, non-A and non-B viruses; herpes viruses (cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr viruses, herpes simplex viruses, varicella zoster virus); human immunodeficiency virus; respiratory viruses (adenoviruses, coronaviruses, influenza viruses, measles virus, parainfluenza viruses, respiratory syncytial virus, rhinoviruses); other viruses (enteroviruses, human parvovirus B19, mumps virus, papilloma virus, rabies virus, rubella virus); Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease agent; and disinfectants.

Source: Most nosocomial viral infections are introduced from the community by patients, visitors, or health care workers.

Clinical Manifestations, Pathology, and Laboratory Diagnosis: See chapters for the individual viruses.

Epidemiology: Nosocomial viral infections are probably common in all groups of hospitalized patients, but are especially important clinically in infants and young children, probably the elderly, and immunocompromised patients. Health care workers are important in the nosocomial spread of many viruses.

Treatment: See chapters on the individual viruses.

Prevention and Control: Good infection control practices will prevent the nosocomial spread of many viral infections and should be practiced at all times. Persons with unsuspected infections are often the source of spread. The viral diagnostic laboratory should be an active partner in the infection control team.

Keywords

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Respiratory Syncytial Virus Rabies Virus Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection Nosocomial Transmission 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Larry J. Anderson
  • Stephen C. Hadler
  • Carlos Lopez
  • William R. Jarvis
  • Susan Fisher-Hoch
  • Walter W. Bond
  • Daniel B. Fishbein

There are no affiliations available

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