Studies of Mechanisms Affecting the Fractionation of Carbon Isotopes in Photosynthesis

  • J. A. Berry
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 68)

Abstract

The fractionation of carbon isotopes during photosynthesis involves several distinct biochemical and physical processes that share control of CO2 uptake. These processes have different tendencies to discriminate between 12C and 13C, and the overall discrimination of a particular plant will be a function of the mechanism it uses for CO2 fixation and the relative balance of the processes that participate in photosynthesis. Many studies have examined the influence of environmental and biological factors on the carbon isotope composition of plants (for reviews, see O’Leary 1981; Troughton et al. 1974; Vogel 1980). The eventual goal of much of this work is to use the carbon isotope composition of plants to provide information about the photosynthetic processes of the plant during the time it grew. While empirical correlations are useful, it is obviously also important to develop a sound theoretical foundation for interpreting these differences.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abelson PH and Hoering TC (1961) Carbon isotope fractionation in formation of amino acids by photosynthetic organisms. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 47:623–632.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bager MR, Kaplan A, and Berry JA (1978) A mechanism for concentrating CO2 in Chla- mydomonas reinhardtii and Anabaena variabilis and its role in photosynthetic CO2 uptake. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Yearb. 77:251–261.Google Scholar
  3. Coleman JR and Grossman AR (1984) The biosynthesis of carbonic anhydrase in Chla- mydomonas reinhardtii during adaptation to low CO2. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 81:6049–6053.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Craig H (1954) Carbon 13 in plants and the relationship between carbon 13 and carbon 14 variation in nature. J. Geol. 62:115–149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Deleens E, Treichel I, and O’Leary MH (1985) Temperature dependence of carbon isotope fractionation in CAM plants. Plant Physiol. 79:202–206.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ehleringer J and Pearcy RW (1983) Variation in quantum yields for CO2 uptake among C3 and C4 plants. Plant Physiol. 73:555–559.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Evans JR, Sharkey DT, Berry JA, and Farquhar GD (1986) Carbon isotope discrimination measured concurrently with gas exchange to investigate CO2 diffusion in leaves of higher plants. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 13:281–292.Google Scholar
  8. Farquhar GD (1983) On the nature of carbon isotope discrimination in C4 species. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 10:205–226.Google Scholar
  9. Farquhar GD, O’Leary MH, and Berry JA (1982) On the relationship between carbon isotope discrimination and intercellular carbon dioxide concentration in leaves. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 9:121–137.Google Scholar
  10. Farquhar GD and Richards PA (1984) Isotopic composition of plant carbon correlates with water-use efficiency of wheat genotypes. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 11:539–552.Google Scholar
  11. Francey RJ, Gifford RM, Sharkey TD, and Weir B (1985) Physiological influences on carbon isotope discrimination in huon pine Lagarostrobos franklinii). Oecologia 44:241–247.Google Scholar
  12. Guy RD, Fogel MF, Berry JA, and Hoering TC (1987) Isotope fractionation during oxygen production and consumption by plants (pp. 597–600). In Biggins J (editor), Progress in Photosynthesis Research. Martinus Nijhoff, Dordrecht.Google Scholar
  13. Hattersley PW (1982) δ13C values of C4 types in grasses. Aust. J. Plant. Physiol. 9:139–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lucas WJ and Berry J A (1985) Inorganic carbon transport in aquatic photosynthetic organisms. Physiol. Plant. 65:539–543.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mook WG, Bommerson JC, and Staverman WH (1974) Carbon isotope fractionations between dissolved bicarbonate and gaseous carbon dioxide. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 22:169–176.Google Scholar
  16. O’Leary MH (1981) Carbon isotope fractionation in plants. Phytochemistry 20:553–567.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. O’Leary MH (1984) Measurement of the isotopic fractionation associated with diffusion of carbon dioxide in aqueous solution. J. Phys. Chem. 88:823–825.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. O’Leary MH, Reife JE, and Slater JD (1981) Kinetic and isotope effect studies of maize phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase. Biochemistry 20:7038–7314.Google Scholar
  19. O’Leary MH, Treichel I, and Rooney M (1986) Short-term measurement of carbon isotope fractionation in plants. Plant Physiol. 80:578–582.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Park R and Epstein S (1960) Carbon isotope fractionation during photosynthesis. Geo- chim. Cosmochim. Acta 21:110–126.Google Scholar
  21. Park R and Epstein S (1961) Metabolic fractionation of 13C and 12C in plants. Plant Physiol. 36:133–138.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Rau GH, Sweeney RE, and Kaplan IR (1982) Plankton 13C12C ratio changes with latitude:differences between northern and southern oceans. Deep Sea Res. 29:1035–1039.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Roeske CA and O’Leary MH (1984) Carbon isotope effects on the enzyme-catalyzed carboxylation of ribulose bisphosphate. Biochemistry 23:6275–6284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Sharkey TD and Berry JA (1985) Carbon isotope fractionation of algae as influenced by an inducible CO2 concentrating mechanism. In Lucas WJ and Berry JA (editors), Inorganic Carbon Uptake by Aquatic Organisms. American Society of Plant Physiologists, Rockville, Maryland.Google Scholar
  25. Troughton JH, Card KA, and Hendy CH (1974) Photosynthetic pathways and carbon isotope discrimination by plants. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Yearb. 73:768–780.Google Scholar
  26. von Caemmerer S and Farquhar GD (1981) Some relationships between the biochemistry of photosynthesis and the gas exchange of leaves. Planta 153:376–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Vogel JC (1980) Fractionation of Carbon Isotopes During Photosynthesis. Springer- Verlag, Berlin.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. Berry

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations