Ribosomal RNA Genes of the Anopheles gambiae Species Complex

  • Frank H. Collins
  • Susan M. Paskewitz
  • Victoria Finnerty
Part of the Advances in Disease Vector Research book series (VECTOR, volume 6)


The Anopheles gambiae complex is a group of six sibling species of Afro-tropical anophelines. The two most widely distributed species Anopheles gambiae and An. arabiensis are among the principal vectors of malaria in Africa. An. melas, An. merus, and An. bwambae, are vectors of limited regional importance, whereas the highly zoophilic An. Quadri-annulatus is not believed to contribute significantly to the transmission of malaria (25, 63, 71, 72). Although some species-specific differences have been described in the distributions of morphometric criteria (15, 20), no morphological taxonomic characters have been observed that permit the unequivocal identification of the species of individual adult or larval specimens. Because the habitats of these six species overlap considerably, both on geographical and ecological scales, two or more members of the complex are often present in the same adult or larval collections.


Anopheles Gambiae Paracentric Inversion Gambiae Complex rDNA Unit External Transcribe Spacer 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank H. Collins
    • 1
  • Susan M. Paskewitz
    • 1
  • Victoria Finnerty
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease ControlMalaria Branch, Division of Parasitic DiseasesAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiologyEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA

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