Environmental Control of the Synthesis and Activity of Aquatic Microbial Ectoenzymes

  • Ryszard J. Chróst
Part of the Brock/Springer Series in Contemporary Bioscience book series (BROCK/SPRINGER)


The majority (>95%) of organic matter in aquatic environments is composed of polymeric, high-molecular-weight compounds (Allen, 1976; Romankevich, 1984; Cole et al., 1984; Thurman. 1985; Münster and Chróst, 1990). Because the passage of organic molecules across the microbial cytoplasmic membrane is an active process requiring specific transport enzymes (permeases), only small (low-molecular-weight) and simple molecules can be directly transferred from the environment into the cell (Rogers, 1961; Payne, 1980a; Geller, 1985). This means that only a small portion of the total dissolved organic matter (DOM) is readily utilizable in natural waters (Münster, 1985; Azam and Cho, 1987; Jørgensen, 1987), and that the majority of DOM cannot be directly transported to microbial cells because of the large size of its molecules.


Lake Water Alkaline Phosphatase Activity Cytoplasmic Membrane Extracellular Enzyme Eutrophic Lake 
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