Advances in Disease Vector Research pp 289-331

Part of the Advances in Disease Vector Research book series (VECTOR, volume 10)

Propagative Transmission of Plant and Animal Viruses by Insects: Factors Affecting Vector Specificity and Competence

  • El Desouky Ammar

Abstract

Until recently, viruses were generally divided on the basis of their host range into bacterial, plant, vertebrate, and invertebrate viruses (82). However, it was clear that strict division of viruses according to host range is not always possible, since some families (e.g., Reoviridae, Rhabdoviridae, and more recently Bunyaviridae and Picornaviridae) included members that infect invertebrates, vertebrates, and/or plants (3, 83, 103). Furthermore, with complete nucleotide sequences available for many viruses, long stretches of amino acid sequence similarity in replicase proteins for certain groups of viruses of both plants and animals suggested that some “superfamilies,” which cross the host range lines, may have descended from a common ancestor (135). Thus, the concept of “unity of virology as a whole” became gradually established (82a), and in many cases the dividing line between “animal” and “plant” viruses is no longer valid.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • El Desouky Ammar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Economic Entomology, Faculty of AgricultureCairo UniversityGizaEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA

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