Early History of Human Activities in the Sudbury Area and Ecological Damage to the Landscape

  • Keith Winterhalder
Part of the Springer Series on Environmental Management book series (SSEM)


In contrast to the ancient events that formed the Sudbury Basin and its mineral deposits, its human history spans less than 10,000 years. As the Wisconsin glacier receded, a forest cover developed, and the area was settled by native groups. The events that led to Sudbury becoming one of the largest mining and smelting regions in the world (Fig. 2.1) are from a far briefer period of about 100 years. The environmental damage that occurred during this recent industrial period is the focus of this chapter. Other international examples of mining-related ecosystem damage are described in Box 2.1.


White Birch Vegetation Damage Polytrichum Commune Industrial Barren Forest Service General Technical Report 
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© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1995

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  • Keith Winterhalder

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