Effects of Pesticides on Amphibians and Reptiles in Sub-Saharan Africa

  • Michael R. K. Lambert
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 150)


General concern about the effects of insecticides and herbicides on nontarget amphibians and reptiles has been expressed in the world’s developed countries, where pesticides have been widely used, especially for agricultural pest control. Impact of usage in the United Kingdom on amphibians has been addressed in a series of papers by Cooke (1972a,b, 1977, 1981), and the toxicological literature covering this group has been reviewed by Power et al. (1989). Effects of pesticides and other environmental contaminants on reptiles, based mainly on work in the United States, was reviewed by Hall (1980), who showed that reptiles are susceptible to such organochlorine (OC) insecticides as DDT, dieldrin, heptachlor, and toxaphene. He later concluded that toxicity testing of amphibians and reptiles for purposes of chemical registration was difficult because of intraspecific variation (Hall and Henry 1992).


Pesticide Residue Ivory Coast Residue Level Adult Frog Natural Resource Institute 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael R. K. Lambert
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental Sciences DepartmentNatural Resources InstituteChatham Maritime, KentUK

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