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Sulfonamides in the Environment as Veterinary Drugs

  • Premasis Sukul
  • Michael Spiteller
Chapter
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 187)

Abstract

It is common practice to use liquid manure from livestock and sewage sludge from wastewater treatment plants in agriculture with the objective of producing sustainable nutrient recycling. Unfortunately, this practice provokes entry of various hazardous components into different compartments of the environment and is, thus, responsible for contamination of food and groundwater resources. In recent years, the extensive use of veterinary drugs in intensive animal husbandry has caused considerable environmental contamination (Boxall et al. 2004a). Since 1950, probably more than 1 million tonnes of antibiotics have been used worldwide as veterinary drugs in animal husbandry (Mazel and Davies 1999). However, unlike pesticides and other priority pollutants, the behavior and effects of veterinary medicines in the environment have not been extensively studied until recently. Currently, increased attention has been drawn toward pharmaceuticals, particularly veterinary drugs, and their residual presence in the environment all over the world (Stan and Heberer 1997; Buser et al. 1998; Hailing-Sørensen et al. 1998; Ternes 1998; Daughton and Ternes 1999; Stumpf et al. 1999; Zuccato et al. 2000; Jones et al. 2001; Heberer 2002; Kolpin et al. 2002; Boyd et al. 2003; Calamari et al. 2003).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Premasis Sukul
    • 1
  • Michael Spiteller
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Environmental ResearchUniversity of DortmundDortmundGermany

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