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Dilute-Sulfuric Acid Pretreatment of Corn Stover in Pilot-Scale Reactor

Investigation of Yields, Kinetics, and Enzymatic Digestibilities of Solids
  • Daniel J. Schell
  • Jody Farmer
  • Millie Newman
  • James D. McMillan
Part of the Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology book series (ABAB)

Abstract

Corn stover is a domestic feedstock that has potential to produce significant quantities of fuel ethanol and other bioenergy and biobased products. However, comprehensive yield and carbon mass balance information and validated kinetic models for dilute-sulfuric acid (H2SO4) pretreatment of corn stover have not been available. This has hindered the estimation of process economics and also limited the ability to perform technoeconomic modeling to guide research. To better characterize pretreatment and assess its kinetics, we pretreated corn stover in a continuous 1 t/d reactor. Corn stover was pretreated at 20% (w/w) solids concentration over a range of conditions encompassing residence times of 3–12 min, temperatures of 165–195°C, and H2SO4 concentrations of 0.5–1.4% (w/w). Xylan conversion yield and carbon mass balance data were collected at each run condition. Performance results were used to estimate kinetic model parameters assuming biphasic hemicellulose hydrolysis and a hydrolysis mechanism incorporating formation of intermediate xylo-oligomers. In addition, some of the pretreated solids were tested in a simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) process to measure the reactivity of their cellulose component to enzymatic digestion by cellulase enzymes. Monomeric xylose yields of 69–71% and total xylose yields (monomers and oligomers) of 70–77% were achieved with performance level depending on pretreatment severity. Cellulose conversion yields in SSF of 80–87% were obtained for some of the most digestible pretreated solids.

Index Entries

Pretreatment dilute-sulfuric acid enzymatic conversion corn stover xylan conversion kinetics pilot scale 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel J. Schell
    • 1
  • Jody Farmer
    • 1
  • Millie Newman
    • 1
  • James D. McMillan
    • 1
  1. 1.National Bioenergy CenterNational Renewable Energy LaboratoryGoldenUSA

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