Template-Based Structured Argumentation
A semiautomated approach to evidential reasoning uses template-based structured argumentation. A template captures best analytic practice as a hierarchically structured set of coordinated questions; an argument answers the questions posed by a template, including references to the source material used as evidence to support those answers. Graphical depictions of arguments readily convey lines of reasoning, from evidence through to conclusions, making it easy to compare and contrast alternative lines of reasoning. Collaborative analysis is supported via simultaneous access to arguments through web browser clients connected to a common argument server. This approach to analysis has been applied to a wide range of analytic problems and has been experimentally shown to speed the development and improve the quality of analytic assessments.
KeywordsFusion Method Structure Argumentation Business Rule Discovery Tool Graphical Depiction
- Harrison, I. and Lowrance, J. (2006) AML Home Page. SRI International, California: Menlo Park, http://www.seas.sri.com/aml/.
- Jones, M.D. (1995) The Thinker’s Toolkit. New York: Three Rivers Press.Google Scholar
- Kirschner, P., Buckingham Shum, S., and Carr, C. (Eds.) (2003) Argument Visualization, Berlin Heidelberg New York: Springer.Google Scholar
- Lowrance, J. (1995) Gister Home Page. California: SRI International, Menlo Park, http://www.ai.sri.com/gister.
- Lowrance, J. (2006) SEAS Home Page. California: SRI International, Menlo Park, http://www.seas.sri.com.
- Lowrance, J. and Ragoobeer, R. (2004) Designing a System for Structured Assessment of Compliance Risk. Proceedings of SRPP Research Conference, Washington, DC: IRS.Google Scholar
- Lowrance, J., Garvey, T., and Strat, T. (1990) A Framework for Evidential Reasoning Systems. Uncertain Reasoning, Ed. Shafer, G. and Pearl, J., San Mateo, California: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers Inc., pp. 611–618.Google Scholar
- Lowrance, J., Harrison, I., and Rodriguez, A. (2001) Capturing Analytic Thought. Proceedings of the First International Conference on Knowledge Capture. New York: ACM Press, pp. 84–91.Google Scholar
- Microsoft (2007) XML Belief Network File Format. Microsoft Corporation, Redmond, Washington, http://research.microsoft.com/dtas/bnformat/.
- Pioch, N.J. and Everett, J.O. (2006) POLESTAR – Collaborative Knowledge Management and Sensemaking Tools for Intelligence Analysts. Proceedings of ACM Conference on Information and Knowledge Management. New York: ACM Press.Google Scholar
- Rodriguez, A., Boyce, T., Lowrance, J., and Yeh, E. (2005) Angler: Collaboratively Expanding Your Cognitive Horizon. Proceedings of the International Conference on Intelligence Analysis, McLean, Virginia: The MITRE Corporation.Google Scholar
- Toumlin, S. (1958) The Uses of Argument. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Wigmore, J. (1937) The Science of Judicial Proof: As Given by Logic, Psychology, and General Experience and Illustrated in Judicial Trials, 3rd ed. Boston: Little, Brown, and Co.Google Scholar