Aortopulmonary Window

  • Anita SadeghpourEmail author
  • Shadi Faghihi
  • Shabnam Mohammadzadeh


Aortopulmonary septal defect (APSD) as an uncommon congenital heart defect is a defect in the septum between the aorta and pulmonary artery, resulting in a communication between the two arteries [1].


Aortopulmonary window (AP window) Aortopulmonary septal defect (APSD) “T” artifact Transthoracic echocardiography Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) 

Supplementary material

Video 52.1

Transthoracic echocardiography in short axis view showing “T” artifact at the edges of the defect suggestive for Aortopulmonary septal defect (WMV 316 kb)

Video 52.2

Aortopulmonary septal defect in transthoracic echocardiography in suprasternal (WMV 438 kb)

310404_1_En_52_MOESM3_ESM.mpg (784 kb)
Video 52.3 Aortopulmonary septal defect in transesophageal echocardiography (MPG 784 kb)
310404_1_En_52_MOESM4_ESM.mpg (666 kb)
Video 52.4 Aortopulmonary septal defect in transesophageal echocardiography (MPG 666 kb)
Video 52.5

Aortopulmonary septal defect in cardiac catheterization (WMV 335 kb)


  1. 1.
    Allen HD, Driscoll DJ, et al. Moss and Adams’ heart disease in infant, children and adolescent. 8th ed. Philadelphia: William’s & Wilkins; 2013.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mori K, Ando M, Takao A, et al. Distal type of aortopulmonary window. Report of 4 cases. Br Heart J. 1978;40:681–9.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bertolini A, Dalmonate P, Bava GI, et al. Aortopulmonary septal defect. A review of literature and report of ten cases. J Cardiovasc Surg. 1994;35:207–13.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Love BA, Seib BM. Accessed on 5 Mar 2012.
  5. 5.
    Deveral PB, Lincoln J, Aberdeen E, et al. Aortopulmonary window. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1969;57:479–86.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Balaji S, Burch M, Sullivan ID. Accuracy of cross sectional echocardiography in diagnosis of aortopulmonary window. Am J Cardiol. 1991;67:650–3.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anita Sadeghpour
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shadi Faghihi
    • 2
  • Shabnam Mohammadzadeh
    • 3
  1. 1.Echocardiography Lab, Department of CardiologyAdult Congenital Heart Disease Clinic, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical ScienceTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of CardiologyRajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research CenterTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of CardiologyAdult Congenital Heart Disease Clinic, Moheb General HospitalTehranIran

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