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Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformations

  • Azin AlizadehaslEmail author
  • Anita Sadeghpour
Chapter

Abstract

Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) were first defined in 1897. They include abnormal communications between the pulmonary arteries and the pulmonary veins.

Keywords

Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations Pulmonary arteries Pulmonary veins Pulse oximetry Echocardiogram with bubble contrast Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) 

Supplementary material

Video 51.1

Right hand agitated saline contrast study can differentiate PFO (left image) from PAVMs (right image) by the site and time of the bubble appearance in the left atrium (MPG 1666 kb)

Video 51.2

Right hand agitated saline contrast study can differentiate PFO (left image) from PAVMs (right image) by the site and time of the bubble appearance in the left atrium (WMV 607 kb)

References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Echocardiography Lab, Department of CardiologyRajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical ScienceTehranIran
  2. 2.Echocardiography Lab, Department of CardiologyAdult Congenital Heart Disease Clinic, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical ScienceTehranIran

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