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Tetralogy of Fallot

  • Anita SadeghpourEmail author
  • Azin Alizadehasl
  • Mohammad Mahdavi
Chapter
  • 1.2k Downloads

Abstract

Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) as the most common cyanotic congenital heart disease (CHD) is a complex heart defect consisting of four components:

Keywords

Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) Cyanotic congenital heart disease (CHD) Right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) obstruction Absent pulmonary valve syndrome Overriding of aortic root 

Supplementary material

Video 28.1

Transthoracic echocardiography in parasternal long axis view showing Overriding aorta on the crest of the ventricular septum and associated VSD (MPG 1,366 kb)

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Video 28.2 Typical parasternal short axis view in TOF patient showing anterocephal deviation of outlet septum with narrow RVOT and large sub aortic VSD (MPG 882 kb)
310404_1_En_28_MOESM3_ESM.mpg (914 kb)
Video 28.3 Color flow imaging of the same patient showing large nonrestrictive VSD with bidirectional shun (MPG 914 kb)
Video 28.4

Injection via venous catheter in severely hypertrophied RV showing coincident opacification of aorta and pulmonary artery (due to VSD) and overrided aorta. Also there is infindibular, valvular and supra valvular PS (WMV 916 kb)

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Video 28.5 Typical patient with history of repaired TOF now presenting with severe pulmonary regurgitation associated with aneurysmal RVOT and severe RV enlargement (AVI 2,771 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anita Sadeghpour
    • 1
    Email author
  • Azin Alizadehasl
    • 2
  • Mohammad Mahdavi
    • 3
  1. 1.Echocardiography Lab, Department of CardiologyAdult Congenital Heart Disease Clinic, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical ScienceTehranIran
  2. 2.Echocardiography Lab, Department of CardiologyRajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical ScienceTehranIran
  3. 3.Pediatric Ward, Department of Pediatric CardiologyRajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical ScienceTehranIran

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