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Evidence-based Pediatric Critical Care Medicine

  • Donald L. Boyer
  • Adrienne G. RandolphEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Evidence-based medicine (EBM) strives to find the optimal course of action for a given clinical question by merging the best available scientific evidence with expert clinical judgment that incorporates a patient’s values and preferences. Although learning how to apply the concepts and principles of EBM is not intuitive, most clinicians become facile with modest effort. This chapter will describe the evolution of EBM from clinical and epidemiologic principles and research. We review the process of EBM in detail, including EBM core concepts related to articles on diagnosis, therapy, harm, and prognosis. We conclude by discussing the role of EBM in the PICU, emphasizing challenges and future directions.

Keywords

Evidence-based clinical practice (EBCP) Evidence-based medicine (EBM) Critical appraisal, critical care 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care MedicineThe Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia and the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Division of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Anesthesia, Perioperative and Pain MedicineChildren’s Hospital BostonBostonUSA

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