Injuries to the Teeth: Long-Term Effects and Their Management



Injuries to the teeth and their supporting structures comprise approximately 5% of all injuries. However, in many patients, management may be delayed, or other injuries may prevent their comprehensive care. Whilst treatment can be initiated at or soon after the initial time of injury (e.g. splinting of loose teeth and dressing of exposed pulps), these are often ‘temporising’ measures. Further treatment will still be required once the patient is well enough. Some of these will be discussed.


Teeth Dental Ankylosis Endodontics Periodontal Implant 

Suggested Reading

  1. Andresan FM, Andresan JO. Diagnosis of luxation injuries: the importance of standardized clinical, radiographic and photographic techniques in clinical investigations. Endod Dent Traumatol. 1985;5:160–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chen E, Abbott PV. Dental pulp testing: a review. Int J Dent. 2009; Article ID 365785. Available at Accessed 13 Nov 2017.
  3. Council on Clinical Affairs. Guideline of management of acute dental trauma. Reference Manual. 2011;34(6):230–8. Available at: Accessed 13 Nov 2017.Google Scholar
  4. Dental Trauma Patient (Online) Available from: Accessed on 1 Feb 2016.
  5. International Association of Dental Traumatology. Dental Trauma Guidelines (Revised 2011). Available at: Accessed on 13 Nov 2017.
  6. Jotkowitz A, Samet M. Rethinking Ferrule—a new approach to an old dilemma. Br Dent J. 2010;9(1):25–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Laster L, Laudenbach KW, Stoller NH. An evaluation of clinical tooth mobility measurements. J Periodontol. 1975;46:603–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Pini-Prato G. The Miller classification of gingival recession: limits and drawbacks. J Clin Periodontol. 2011;38:243–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Whaites E. Essentials of dental radiology and radiography. 4th ed. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 2006. p. 83–223.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Field End Dental ClinicEastcoteUK

Personalised recommendations