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Hardware Removal in Craniomaxillofacial Trauma

  • Ravinder Pabla
  • Karim Kassam
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Abstract

There is no doubt that one of the major advances in fracture management has been the development of direct osteosynthesis techniques, enabling precise fixation of the bones. This allows for earlier return to function and improved aesthetics and avoids external frames and wires. Stepwise improvements in plate profile and implant design have greatly facilitated and improved surgical outcomes. Titanium plates have now been used routinely for osteosynthesis in maxillofacial trauma for over 30 years, reflecting their reliability, predictability and biocompatibility.

Keywords

Hardware Plate removal Complications 

Suggested Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ravinder Pabla
    • 1
  • Karim Kassam
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryRoyal London HospitalLondonUK

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