Surgical Materials in Secondary Reconstruction

  • Atheer Ujam


The advancement of surgical techniques in reconstruction has paralleled our understanding and use of biologically inert materials. Today, there is a considerable array of materials available we can use; some are natural and some are synthetic. Many materials are readily available for use, whilst others can be patient-specific and custom-made. In this chapter, we explore the variety of materials that can be used and how they can be applied in secondary surgical procedures.


Maxillofacial Biomaterials Surgery Reconstruction Titanium Gold Cobalt chrome MEDPOR Silicone, Polymers 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Atheer Ujam
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Regenerative Medicine and Stem CellsUCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child HealthLondonUK

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