Inequalities in the Information and Knowledge Society: From the Digital Divide to Digital Inequality

  • Cristóbal Torres-Albero
  • José Manuel Robles
  • Stefano De Marco


In this chapter, we analyse the development of two key concepts that have attracted the attention of a great number of Information and Knowledge Society specialists: the Digital Divide and Digital Inequality. Both concepts refer to the inequalities resulting from the development of the Internet in contemporary societies. However, the former focuses on the citizens that use and do not use this medium, whereas the latter studies the inequalities resulting from the different uses of the Internet. Taking Spain as a case study, this chapter examines to what extent the Digital Divide has reduced, by means of a time series analysis, and, on the other hand, looks at a type of advanced Internet use, e-shopping, to analyse whether digital inequalities have reduced or not from 2004 to 2011. We use the concepts of normalisation and stratification to order the information resulting from our analysis and to predict the development of inequality in the Information and Knowledge Society.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristóbal Torres-Albero
    • 1
  • José Manuel Robles
    • 2
  • Stefano De Marco
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Sociology, Faculty of EconomicsUniversidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM)MadridSpain
  2. 2.Department of Sociology III, Faculty of EconomicsUniversidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM)MadridSpain

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