Kidney Transplantation

  • Vikraman GunabushanamEmail author
  • Arthur Matas
  • Abhinav Humar


In the past 40 years, few fields of medicine have undergone the rapid advances that have been seen with kidney transplantation. From the development of the surgical techniques necessary for transplantation at the beginning of the century to the dawn of modern transplantation with the introduction of immunosuppressants in the late 1950s, and to its current status as the treatment of choice for end-stage renal disease (ESRD), renal transplantation has enjoyed remarkable progress. The era of modern renal transplantation began with the introduction of the immunosuppressive agent azathioprine, and renal transplantation was established as a viable option for the treatment of ESRD.


Kidney transplant Surgical techniques Preoperative evaluation Graft preparation Pediatric recipient Complications 

Supplementary material

Video 5.1

Hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (Humar) (WMV 128560 kb)

Video 5.2

Benching the kidney for transplant (Humar) (WMV 67840 kb)

Video 5.3

Adult kidney transplant (double artery) (Humar) (WMV 143897 kb)

Video 5.4

Pediatric kidney transplant (Humar) (WMV 151608 kb)

Video 5.5

Ureteroureterostomy reconstruction (Mark Sturdevant/David Lam) (MOV 1769455 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vikraman Gunabushanam
    • 1
    Email author
  • Arthur Matas
    • 2
  • Abhinav Humar
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryTransplant Surgery – ASLMCMilwaukeeUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  3. 3.Division of Transplantation, Department of Surgery, Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation InstituteUniversity of Pittsburgh Medical Center, MontefiorePittsburghUSA

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