Kite Surfing and Snow Kiting

  • Mark TauberEmail author
  • Philipp Moroder


Kite surfing and snow kiting are two of the newest and trendiest disciplines in outdoor sports and gained enormous popularity in recent years. It is estimated by experts and the industry that actually more than 500,000 people are practicing these extreme sports. Unfortunately, detailed demographic data about these popular sports are actually lacking.


Wind Power Helicopter Emergency Medical Service Moderate Injury Vertical Lift Extreme Sport 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Kristen K, Kröner A. Kite surfing-Surfen mit Lenkdrachen, Präsentation und Risikoabschätzung einer neuen Trendsportart. Sportorthopädie Sporttraumatologie. 2001;17:6.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Petersen W, Hansen U, Zernial O, Nickel C, Prymka M. Mechanisms and prevention of Kite surfing injuries. Sportverletz Sportschaden. 2002;16(3):115–21.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nickel C, Zernial O, Musahl V, Hansen U, Zantop T, Petersen W. A prospective study of Kite surfing injuries. Am J Sports Med. 2004;32(4):921–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Moroder P, Runer A, Hoffelner T, Frick N, Resch H, Tauber M. A prospective study of snowkiting injuries. Am J Sports Med. 2011;39(7):1534–40.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Exadaktylos AK, Sclabas GM, Blake I, Swemmer K, McCormick G, Erasmus P. The kick with the kite: an analysis of kite surfing related off shore rescue missions in Cape Town, South Africa. Br J Sports Med. 2005;39(5):e26.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Spanjersberg WR, Schipper IB. Kite surfing: when fun turns to trauma-the dangers of a new extreme sport. J Trauma. 2007;63(3):E76–80.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pikora TJ, Braham R, Hill C, Mills C. Wet and wild: results from a pilot study assessing injuries among recreational water users in Western Australia. Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2011;18(2):119–26.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Camps A, Vercruyssen F, Brisswalter J. Variation in heart rate and blood lactate concentration in freestyle kytesurfing. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2011;51(2):313–21.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Vercruyssen F, Blin N, L’Huillier D, Brisswalter J. Assessment of physiological demand in Kite surfing. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2009;105(1):103–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shoulder and Elbow ServiceATOS Clinic MunichMunichGermany
  2. 2.Department of Traumatology and Sports InjuriesParacelsus Medical University SalzburgSalzburgAustria

Personalised recommendations