Advertisement

Science of composite materials

  • Deborah D. L. Chung
Part of the Engineering Materials and Processes book series (EMP)

Abstract

Composite materials are those containing more than one phase such that the different phases are artificially blended together. They are not multiphase materials in which the different phases are formed naturally by reactions, phase transformations or other phenomena.

Keywords

Carbon Fiber Flexural Strength Steel Fiber Carbon Matrix Continuous Fiber 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    W.-T. Whang and W.-L. Liu, SAMPE Q., 1990, 22 (1), 3–9.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    D.C. Sherman, C.-Y. Chen and J.L. Cercena, Proc. Int. SAMPE Symp. and Exhib., 33, Materials: Pathway to the Future, edited by G. Carrillo, E.D. Newell, W.D. Brown, and P. Phelan, 1988, pp. 538–539.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    D.R. Askeland, The Science and Engineering of Materials, 2nd ed., PWS-Kent, 1989, pp. 538–539.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    S.D. Mills, D.M. Lee, A.Y. Lou, D.F. Register and M.L. Stone, Proc. 20th Int. SAMPE Tech. Conf., 1988, pp. 263–270.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    G. Bogoeva-Gaceva, E. Maeder, L. Hauessler and A. Dekanski, Composites - Part A: Applied Science ér Manufacturing, 1997, 28 (5), 445–452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    J. Jan and H. Yang, J. Mater. Sci., 2000, 35 (9), 2297–2303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    G. Wu, C.-H. Hung and J.-C. Lu, International SAMPE Symposium & Exhibition, 1999, 44 (I), 1090–1097.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    H. Zhuang and J.P. Wightman, J. Adhesion, 1997, 62 (1–4), 213–245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. R.E. Allred and W.C. Schimpf, J. Adhesion Sci. & Tech., 1994, 8(4), pt. 2, 383–394.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    G.J. Farrow, K.E. Atkinson, N. Fluck and C. Jones, Surface & Interface Analysis, 1995, 23 (5), 313–318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    E.A. Friis, B. Kumar, F.W. Cooke and H.K. Yasuda, Proc. 1996 5th World Biomaterials Congress, Vol. 1, Soc. for Biomaterials, St. Louis Park, MN, 1996, pp. 913.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    S.-S. Lin and P.W. Yip, Proc. of the 1993 Fall Meeting, Interface Control of Electrical, Chemical, and Mechanical Properties Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 318, Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, PA, 1994, pp. 381–386.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    N. Dilsiz, J. Adhesion Sci. & Tech. 2000, 14 (7), 975–987.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    M.C. Paiva, C.A. Bernardo and M. Nardin, Carbon, 2000, 38 (9), 1323–1337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    G. Akovali and N. Dilsiz, Polym. Eng. er Sci., 1996, 36 (8), 1081–1086.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    N. Chand, E. Schulz and G. Hinrichsen, J. Mater. Sci. Letters, 1996, 15 (15), 1374–1375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    T. Yoshikawa and A. Kojima, Quarterly Report of RTRI (Railway Technical Research Institute) (Japan), 1991, 32 (3), 190–199.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    P.W.M. Peters and H. Albertsen, J. Mater. Sci., 1993, 28 (4), 1059–1066.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    H. Albertsen, J. Ivens, P. Peters, M. Wevers and I. Verpoest, Composites Sci. & Tech., 1995, 54 (2), 133–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    L. Ibarra, A. Macias and E. Palma, J. Applied Polym. Sci., 1996, 61 (13), 2447–2454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    D. Cho, J. Mater. Sci. Letters, 1996, 15 (20), 1786–1788.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    T.R. King, D F. Adams and D.A. Buttry, Composites, 1991, 22 (5), 380–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    E. Fitzer, N. Popovska and H.-P. Rensch, J. Adhesion, 1991, 36 (2–3), 139–149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    M.R. Alexander and F.R. Jones, Surface & Interface Analysis, 1994, 22 (1), 230 - 235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    A. Fukunaga and S. Ueda, Composites Sci. & Tech., 2000, 60 (2), 249–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    S.-J. Park and M.-H. Kim, J. Mater. Sci., 2000, 35 (8), 1901–1905.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    C. Jones, Surface & Interface Analysis, 1993, 20 (5), 357–367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    C.A. Saillie and M.G. Bader, J. Mater. Sci., 1994, 29 (14), 3822 - 3836.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    J.A. Hrivnak and R.L. McCullough, J. Thermoplastic Composite Mater., 1996, 9 (4), 304–315.Google Scholar
  30. [30]
    I.A. Rashkovan and Y.G. Korabel’nikov, Composites Sci. & Tech., 1997, 57 (8), 1017–1022.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    G. Bogoeva-Gaceva, D. Burevski, A. Dekanski and A. Janevski, J. Mater. Sci., 1995, 30 (13), 3543–3546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    D.W. Dwight, Proc. 53rd Annual Technical Conf. - ANTEC, Vol. 2, Soc. Plastics Eng., Brookfield, CT, 1995, pp. 2744–2747.Google Scholar
  33. [33]
    N. Tsujioka, Z. Maekawa, H. Hamada and M. Hojo, Zairyo/J. Soc. Mater. Sci. (Japan), 1997, 46 (2), 163–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. [34]
    L. Ibarra and D. Panos, Polym. Int., 1997, 43 (3), 251–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. [35]
    L. Ibarra and D. Panos, J. Applied Polym. Sci., 1998, 67 (10), 1819 - 1826.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. [36]
    J.M.M. de Kok and T. Peijs, Composites - Part A: Applied Science & Manufacturing, 1999, 30 (7), 917–932 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. [37]
    P.W. Yip and S.S. Lin, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., Vol. 170, Interfaces Compos., edited by C.G. Pantano and E.J.H. Chen, 1990, pp. 339–344.Google Scholar
  38. [38]
    T.C. Chang and B.Z. Jang, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., Vol. 170 Interfaces Compos., edited by C.G. Pantano and E.J.H. Chen, 1990, pp. 321–326.Google Scholar
  39. [39]
    W.W. Wright, Compos. Polym., 1990, 3 (4), 231–257.Google Scholar
  40. [40]
    T.R. King, D.F. Adams and D.A. Buttry, Composites, 1991, 22 (5), 380–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. [41]
    J. Tian, Q. Wang, S. Yang and Q. Xue, Applied Mathematics & Mechanics (English Edition), 1998, 19 (10), 1–5.Google Scholar
  42. [42]
    J.A. King, D.A. Buttry and D.F. Adams, Polym. Composites, 1993, 14 (4), 301–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. [43]
    B. Harris, O.G. Braddell, D.P. Almond, C. Lefebvre and J. Verbist, J. Mater. Sci., 1993, 28 (12), 3353–3366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. [44]
    B. Harris, O.G. Braddell, C. Lefebvre and J. Verbist, Plastics Rubber & Composites, 1992, 18 (4), 221–240.Google Scholar
  45. [45]
    E Zhang and L. Hu, Fuhe Cailiao Xuebao/Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 1997, 14 (2), 12–16.Google Scholar
  46. [46]
    A.P. Kettle, F.R. Jones, M.R. Alexander, R.D. Short, M. Stollenwerk, J. Zab old, W. Michaeli, W. Wu, E. Jacobs and I. Verpoest, Composites - Part A: Applied Science & Manufacturing, 1998, 29 (3), 241–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. [47]
    N. Dilsiz and G. Akovali, Composite Interfaces, 1996, 3 (5-6), 401–410.Google Scholar
  48. [48]
    N. Dilsiz, E. Ebert, W. Weisweiler and G. Akovali, J. Colloid & Interface Sci., 1995, 170 (1), 241–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. [49]
    R. Li, L.Ye and Y.-W. Mai, Composites - Part A: Applied Science &Manufacturing, 1997, 28 (1), 73–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. [50]
    J.P. Armistead and A.W. Snow, ASTM Special Technical Publication, 1996, (1290), 168–181.Google Scholar
  51. [51]
    T. Duvis, C.D. Papaspyrides and T. Skourlis, Composites Sci. & Tech., 1993, 48 (1–4), 127–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. [52]
    T. Skourlis, T. Duvis and C.D. Papaspyrides, Composites Sci. & Tech., 1993, 48 (1–4), 119–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. [53]
    A. Zheng, X. Wu and S. Li, Huadong Huagong Xueyuan Xuebao/J. East China Inst. of Chem. Tech., 1994, 20 (4), 485–491.Google Scholar
  54. [54]
    P.C. Varelidis, R.L. McCullough and C.D. Papaspyrides, Composites Sci. 6, Tech., 1999, 59 (12), 1813–1823.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. [55]
    M. Tanoglu, G.R. Palmese, S.H. McKnight and J.W. Gillespie Jr, Proc. 1998 56th Annual Tech. Conf - ANTEC, Vol. 2, Soc. Plastic Eng., Brookfield, CT, 1998, pp. 2346–2350.Google Scholar
  56. [56]
    V. Giurgiutiu, K.L. Reifsnider, R.D. Kriz, B.K. Ahn and J.J. Lesko, Proc. 36th AIAA/ASME/ ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Mater. Conf. and AIAA/ASME Adaptive Structures Forum, Vol. 1, AIAA, New York, 1995, pp. 453–469.Google Scholar
  57. [57]
    M. Labronici and H. Ishida, Composite Interfaces, 1998, 5 (3), 257–275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. [58]
    M. Labronici and H. Ishida, Composite Interfaces, 1998, 5 (2), 87–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. [59]
    J.-K. Kim and Y.-W. Mai, Proc. Int. Conf. on Adv. Composite Mater., Minerals, Metals & Materials Soc. (TMS), Warrendale, PA, 1993, pp. 69–77.Google Scholar
  60. [60]
    S. Shin and J. Jang, J. Mater. Sci., 2000, 35 (8), 2047–2054.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. [61]
    J. Gulyas, S. Rosenberger, E. Foldes and B. Pukanszky, Polym. Composites, 2000, 21 (3), 387–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. [62]
    J.A. King, D.A. Buttry and D.F. Adams, Polym. Compos., 1993, 14 (4), 292–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. [63]
    G. Lu, X. Li and H. Jiang, Campos. Sci. 6’ Tech., 1996, 56 (2), 193–2000.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. [64]
    F.A. Hussain and A.M. Zihlif, J. Thermoplastic Compos. Mater., 1993, 6 (2), 120–129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. [65]
    E. Hage Jr, S.F. Costa and L.A. Pessan, J. Adhesion Sci. 6, Tech., 1997, 11 (12), 1491–1499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. [66]
    P.J. Ives and D.J. Williams, Proc. Int. SAMPE Symp. and Exhib., 33, Materials: Pathway to the Future, edited by G. Carrillo, E.D. Newell, W.D. Brown and P. Phelan, 1988, pp. 385–396.Google Scholar
  67. [67]
    W.R. Stabler, G.B. Tatterson, R.L. Sadler and A.H.M. El-Shiekh, SAMPE Q., 1992, 23 (2), 38.Google Scholar
  68. [68]
    K.C. Ik and K.U. Gon, Proc. 7th Int. Conf. on Composite Materials, Guangzhou, China, Nov. 1989, Vol. 2, edited by Y. Wu, Z.-L. Gu, and R. Wu, International Academic Publishers, Beijing, PR China, and Pergamon, Oxford, UK and New York, 1989, pp. 101–109.Google Scholar
  69. [69]
    O. Dickman, K. Lindersson and L. Svensson, Plastics and Rubber Processing and Applications, 1990, 13, 9–14.Google Scholar
  70. [70]
    S.D. Copeland, J.C. Seferis and M. Carrega, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 1992, 44 (1), 41–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. [71]
    T. Hartness, Proc. Int. SAMPE Symp. and Exhib., 33, Materials: Pathway to the Future, edited by G. Carrillo, E.D. Newell, W.D. Brown and P. Phelan, 1988, pp. 1458–1471.Google Scholar
  72. [72]
    H. Kosuda, Y. Nagata and Y. Endoh, US Patent 4, 897, 286 (1990).Google Scholar
  73. [73]
    F.K. Ko, J.-N. Chu and C.T. Hua, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., Appl. Polym. Symp., 1991, 47, 501–519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. [74]
    F. Ko, P. Fang and H. Chu, Proc. Int. SAMPE Symp. and Exhib., 33, Materials: Pathway to the Future, edited by G. Carrillo, E.D. Newell, W.D. Brown and P. Phelan, 1988, pp. 899–911.Google Scholar
  75. [75]
    R. Weiss, Cryogenics, 1991, 31 (4), 319–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. [76]
    T. Vu-Khanh and J. Denault, Proc. American Society for Composites, 6th Tech. Conf, Technomic, Lancaster, 1991, pp. 473–482.Google Scholar
  77. [77]
    J.D. Muzzy, X. Wu and J.S. Colton, Polym. Compos., 1990, 11 (5), 280–285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. [78]
    A.K. Miller, M. Gur and A. Peled, Materials & Manufacturing Processes, 1990, 5 (2), 273–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. [79]
    A.K. Miller, C. Chang, A. Payne, M. Gur, E. Menzel and A. Peled, SAMPE J., 1990, 26 (4), 37–54.Google Scholar
  80. [80]
    A. Farouk and T.H. Kwon, Polym. Compos., 1990, 11 (6), 379–386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. [81]
    J. Wei, M.C. Hawley, J. Jow and J.D. DeLong, SAMPE J., 1991, 27 (1), 33–39.Google Scholar
  82. [82]
    K.J. Hook, R.K. Agrawal and L.T. Drzal, J. Adhes., 1990, 32 (2–3), 157–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. [83]
    S.P. Grossman and M.F. Amateau, Proc. Int. SAMPE Symp. and Exhib., 33, Materials: Pathway to the Future, edited by G. Carrillo, E.D. Newell, W.D. Brown and P. Phelan, 1988, pp. 681–692.Google Scholar
  84. [84]
    J.M. Barton, J.R. Lloyd, A.A. Goodwin and J.N. Hay, Br. Polymer J., 1990, 23, 101–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. [85]
    S. Saiello, J. Kenny and L. Nicolais, J. Mater. Sci., 1990, 25, 3493–3496.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. [86]
    C.-C.M. Ma, S.-W. Yur, C.-L. Ong and M.-F. Sheu, Proc. Int. SAMPE Symp. and Exhib., 34, Tomorrow’s Materials: Today, edited by G.A. Zakrzewski, D. Mazenko, S.T. Peters and C.D. Dean, 1989, pp. 350–361.Google Scholar
  87. [87]
    Sprechsaal, 1990, 123(4), 403–408.Google Scholar
  88. [88]
    Hercules Composite Structures, Hercules Inc.Google Scholar
  89. [89]
    J.W. Newman, Int. SAMPE Symp. Exhib., Vol. 32, SAMPE, Covina, CA, 1987, pp. 938–944.Google Scholar
  90. [90]
    S. Furukawa, Y. Tsuji and S. Otani, Proc. 30th Japan Congress on Materials Research, Soc. of Materials Science, Kyoto, Jpn., 1987, pp. 149–152.Google Scholar
  91. [91]
    K. Saito, N. Kawamura and Y. Kogo, Advanced Materials: The Big Payoff, National SAMPE Technical Conf, Vol. 21, Covina, CA, 1989, pp. 796–802.Google Scholar
  92. [92]
    S. Wen and D.D.L. Chung, Cen. Concr. Res., 1999, 29 (3), 445–449.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. [93]
    T. Sugama, L.E. Kukacka, N. Carciello and D. Stathopoulos, Cem. Concr. Res., 1989, 19 (3), 355–365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. [94]
    X. Fu, W. Lu and D.D.L. Chung, Cern. Concr. Res., 1996, 26 (7), 1007–1012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. [95]
    X. Fu, W. Lu and D.D.L. Chung, Carbon, 1998, 36 (9), 1337–1345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. [96]
    Y. Xu and D.D.L. Chung, Cem. Concr. Res., 1999, 29 (5), 773–776.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. [97]
    T. Yamada, K. Yamada, R. Hayashi and T. Herai, Int. SAMPE Symp. Exhib., Vol. 36, SAMPE, Covina, CA, pt. 1, 1991, pp. 362–371.Google Scholar
  98. [98]
    T. Sugama, L.E. Kukacka, N. Carciello and B. Galen, Cern. Concr. Res., 1988, 18 (2), 290–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. [99]
    B.K. Larson, L.T. Drzal and P. Sorousian, Composites, 1990, 21 (3), 205–215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. [100]
    A. Katz, V.C. Li and A. Kazmer, J. Materials Civil Eng., 1995, 7 (2), 125–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. [101]
    S.B. Park and B.I. Lee, Cem. Concr. Composites, 1993, 15 (3), 153–163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. [102]
    P. Chen, X. Fu and D.D.L. Chung, ACI Mater. J. 1997, 94 (2), 147–155.Google Scholar
  103. [103]
    P. Chen and D.D.L. Chung, Composites, 1993, 24 (1), 33–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. [104]
    A.M. Brandt and L. Kucharska, Materials for the New Millennium, Proc. Mater. Eng. Conf., Vol. 1, ASCE, New York, 1996, pp. 271–280.Google Scholar
  105. [105]
    H.A. Toutanji, T. El-Korchi, R.N. Katz and G.L. Leatherman, Cem. Concr. Res., 1993, 23 (3), 618–626.Google Scholar
  106. [106]
    N. Banthia and J. Sheng, Cem. Concr. Composites, 1996, 18(4), 251–269 (1996).Google Scholar
  107. [107]
    H.A. Toutanji, T. El-Korchi and R.N. Katz, Com. Con. Composites, 1994, 16 (1), 15–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. [108]
    S. Akihama, T. Suenaga and T. Banno, Int. J. Cern. Composites & Lightweight Concrete, 1984, 6 (3), 159–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. [109]
    M. Kamakura, K. Shirakawa, K. Nakagawa, K. Ohta and S. Kashihara, Sumitomo Metals, (1983).Google Scholar
  110. [110]
    A. Katz and A. Bentur, Cem. Concr. Res., 1994, 24 (2), 214–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. [111]
    Y. Ohama and M. Amano, Proc. 27th Japan Congress on Materials Research, Soc. Mater. Sci., Kyoto, Japan, 1983, pp. 187–191.Google Scholar
  112. [112]
    Y. Ohama, M. Amano and M. Endo, Concrete Int.: Design b Construction, 1985, 7 (3), 58–62.Google Scholar
  113. [113]
    K. Zayat and Z. Bayasi, ACI Mater. J., 1996, 93 (2), 178–181.Google Scholar
  114. [114]
    P. Soroushian, R Aouadi and M. Nagi, ACI Mater. J., 1991, 88 (1), 11–18.Google Scholar
  115. [115]
    B. Mobasher and C.Y. Li, ACI Mater. J., 1996, 93 (3), 284–292.Google Scholar
  116. [116]
    N. Banthia, A. Moncef, K. Chokri and J. Sheng, Can. J. Civil Eng., 1994, 21 (6), 999–1011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. [117]
    B. Mobasher and C.Y. Li, Infrastructure: New Materials and Methods of Repair, Proc. Mater. Eng. Conf., n 804, ASCE, New York, 1994, pp. 551–558.Google Scholar
  118. [118]
    P. Soroushian, M. Nagi and J. Hsu, ACI Mater. J., 1992, 89 (3), 267–276.Google Scholar
  119. [119]
    P. Soroushian, Construction Specifier, 1990, 43 (12), 102–108.Google Scholar
  120. [120]
    A.K. Lal, Batiment Int./Building Research & Practice, 1990, 18 (3), 153–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. [121]
    S.B. Park, B.I. Lee and Y.S. Lim, Cem. Concr. Res., 1991, 21 (4), 589–600.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. [122]
    S.B. Park and B.I. Lee, High Temperatures - High Pressures, 1990, 22 (6), 663–670.Google Scholar
  123. [123]
    P. Soroushian, Mohamad Nagi and A. Okwuegbu, ACI Mater. J., 1992, 89 (5), 491–494.Google Scholar
  124. [124]
    M. Pigeon, M. Azzabi and R. Pleau, Cem. Concr. Res., 1996, 26 (8), 1163–1170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. [125]
    N. Banthia, K. Chokri, Y. Ohama and S. Mindess, Adv. Cern. Based Mater., 1994, 1 (3), 131–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. [126]
    N. Banthia, C. Yan and K. Sakai, Com. Concr. Composites, 1998, 20 (5), 393–404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. [127]
    T. Urano, K. Murakami, Y. Mitsui and H. Sakai, Composites - Part A: Applied Science & Manufacturing, 1996, 27 (3), 183–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. [128]
    A. Ali and R. Ambalavanan, Indian Concrete J., 72(12), 669–675.Google Scholar
  129. [129]
    P. Chen, X. Fu and D.D.L. Chung, Cern. Concr. Res., 1995, 25 (3), 491–496.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. [130]
    M. Zhu and D.D.L. Chung, Cem. Concr. Res., 1997, 27 (12), 1829–1839.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. [131]
    M. Zhu, R.C. Wetherhold and D.D.L. Chung, Cem. Concr. Res., 1997, 27 (3), 437–451.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. [132]
    P. Chen and D.D.L. Chung, Smart Mater. Struct., 1993, 2, 22–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. [133]
    P. Chen and D.D.L. Chung, Composites - Part B, 1996, 27B, 11–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. [134]
    P. Chen and D.D.L. Chung, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 1995, 78 (3), 816–818.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. [135]
    D.D.L. Chung, Smart Mater. Struct., 1995, 4, 59–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. [136]
    P. Chen and D.D.L. Chung, ACI Mater. J., 1996, 93 (4), 341–350.Google Scholar
  137. [137]
    X. Fu and D.D.L. Chung, Cern. Concr. Res., 1996, 26 (1), 15–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. [138]
    X. Fu, E. Ma, D.D.L. Chung and W.A. Anderson, Cern. Concr. Res., 1997, 27 (6), 845–852.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. [139]
    X. Fu and D.D.L. Chung, Cern. Concr. Res., 1997, 27 (9), 1313–1318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. [140]
    X. Fu, W. Lu and D.D.L. Chung, Cern. Concr. Res., 1998, 28 (2), 183–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. [141]
    Z. Shi and D.D.L. Chung, Cern. Concr. Res., 1999, 29 (3), 435–439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. [142]
    Q. Mao, B. Zhao, D. Sheng and Z. Li, J. Wuhan U. Tech., Mater. Sci. Ed., 1996, 11 (3), 41–45.Google Scholar
  143. [143]
    Q. Mao, B. Zhao, D. Shen and Z. Li, Fuhe Cailiao Xuebao/Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 1996, 13 (4), 8–11.Google Scholar
  144. [144]
    M. Sun, Q. Mao and Z. Li, J. Wuhan U. Tech., Mater. Sci. Ed., 1998, 13 (4), 58–61.Google Scholar
  145. [145]
    B. Zhao, Z. Li and D. Wu, J. Wuhan Univ. Tech., Mater. Sci. Ed., 1995, 10 (4), 52–56.Google Scholar
  146. [146]
    S. Wen and D.D.L. Chung, Cern. Concr. Res., 1999, 29 (6), 961–965.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. [147]
    M. Sun, Z. Li, Q. Mao and D. Shen, Cern. Concr. Res., 1998, 28 (4), 549–554.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. [148]
    M. Sun, Z. Li, Q. Mao and D. Shen, Cern. Concr. Res., 1998, 28 (12), 1707–1712.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. [149]
    S. Wen and D.D.L. Chung, Cem. Concr. Res., 1999, 29 (12), 1989 - 1993.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. [150]
    D. Bontea, D.D.L. Chung and G.C. Lee, Cem. Concr. Res., 2000, 30 (4), 651 - 659.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. [151]
    S. Wen and D.D.L. Chung, Cern. Concr. Res., 2000, 30 (12), 1979–1982.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. [152]
    J. Lee and G. Batson, Materials for the New Millennium, Proc. 4th Mater. Eng. Conf., Vol. 2 ASCE, New York, 1996, pp. 887–896.Google Scholar
  153. [153]
    X. Fu and D.D.L. Chung, ACI Mater. J., 1999, 96 (4), 455–461.Google Scholar
  154. [154]
    Y. Xu and D.D.L. Chung, Cern. Concr. Res., 1999, 29 (7), 1117–1121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. [155]
    Y. Shinozaki, Adv. Mater.: Looking Ahead to the 21st Century, Proc. 22nd National SAMPE Tech. Conf. Vol. 22 SAMPE, Covina, CA, 1990, pp. 986–997.Google Scholar
  156. [156]
    X. Fu and D.D.L. Chung, Cem. Concr. Res., 1995, 25 (4), 689–694.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. [157]
    J. Hou and D.D.L. Chung, Cern. Concr. Res., 1997, 27 (5), 649–656.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. [158]
    G.G. Clemena, Materials Performance, 1988, 27 (3), 19–25.Google Scholar
  159. [159]
    R.J. Brousseau and G.B. Pye, ACI Mater. J., 1997, 94 (4), 306–310.Google Scholar
  160. [160]
    P. Chen and D.D.L. Chung, Smart Mater. Struct., 1993, 2, 181–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. [161]
    P. Chen and D.D.L. Chung, J. Electron. Mater., 1995, 24 (1), 47–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. [162]
    X. Wang, Y. Wang and Z. Jin, Fuhe Cailiao Xuebao/Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 1998, 15 (3), 75–80.Google Scholar
  163. [163]
    N. Banthia, S. Djeridane and M. Pigeon, Cern. Concr. Res., 1992, 22 (5), 804–814.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. [164]
    P. Xie, P. Gu and J.J. Beaudoin, J. Mater. Sci., 1996, 31 (15), 4093–4097.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. [165]
    Z. Shui, J. Li, R Huang and D. Yang, J. Wuhan Univ. Tech., Mater. Sci. Ed., 1995, 10 (4), 37–41.Google Scholar
  166. [166]
    X. Fu and D.D.L. Chung, Cern. Concr. Res., 1998, 28 (6), 795–801.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. [167]
    X. Fu and D.D.L. Chung, Carbon, 1998, 36(4), 459–462.Google Scholar
  168. [168]
    X. Fu and D.D.L. Chung, Cem. Concr. Res., 1996, 26(10), 1467–1472; 1997, 27 (2), 314.Google Scholar
  169. [169]
    T. Fujiwara and H. Ujie, Tohoku Kogyo Daigaku Kiyo, 1: Rikogakuhen., 1987, (7), 179–188.Google Scholar
  170. [170]
    Y. Shimizu, A. Nishikata, N. Maruyama and A. Sugiyama, Terebijon Gakkaishi/J. Inst. Television Engineers of Japan, 1986, 40 (8), 780–785.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. [171]
    P. Chen and D.D.L. Chung, ACI Mater. J., 1996, 93 (2), 129–133.Google Scholar
  172. T. Uomoto and R. Katsuki, Doboku Gakkai Rombun-Hokokushu/Proc. Japan Soc. Civil Engineers, 1994–1995, (490), pt. 5–23, 167–174.Google Scholar
  173. [173]
    C.M. Huang, D. Zhu, C.X. Dong, W.M. Kriven, R. Loh and J. Huang, Ceramic Eng. Sci. Proc., 1996, 17 (4), 258–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. [174]
    C.M. Huang, D. Zhu, X. Gong, W.M. Kriven, R.R. Loh and J. Huang, J. Am. Ceramic Soc., 1997, 80 (9), 2326–2332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. [175]
    T-J. Kim and C-K. Park, Cern. Concr. Res. 1998, 28 (7), 955–960.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. S. Igarashi and M. Kawamura, Doboku Gakkai Rombun-Hokokushu/Proc. Japan Soc. Civil Eng., 1994, (502), pt 5–25, 83–92.Google Scholar
  177. [177]
    M.Z. Bayasi and J. Zeng, ACI Structural J., 1997, 94 (4), 442–446.Google Scholar
  178. [178]
    G. Campione, S. Mindess and G. Zingone, ACI Mater. J., 1999, 96 (1), 27–34.Google Scholar
  179. [179]
    T. Yamada, K. Yamada and K. Kubomura, J. Composite Mater. 1995, 29 (2), 179–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. [180]
    R. Fujiura, T. Kojima, K. Kanno, I. Mochida and Y. Korai, Carbon, 1993, 31 (1), 97–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  181. [181]
    R.B. Sandor, Proc. Int. SAMPE Tech. Conf, 22, Advanced Materials: Looking Ahead to the 21st Century, L.D. Michelove, R.P. Caruso, P. Adams and W.H. Fossey Jr, 1990, pp. 647–657; SAMPE Q., 1991, 22 (3), 23–28.Google Scholar
  182. [182]
    J. Economy, H. Jung and T. Gogeva, Carbon, 1992, 30 (1), 81–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  183. [183]
    G. Savage, Met. Mater. (Inst. Met.), 1988, 4 (9), 544–548.Google Scholar
  184. [184]
    B. Rhee, S. Ryu, E. Fitzer and W. Fritz, High Temp. - High Pressures, 1987, 19 (6), 677–686.Google Scholar
  185. [185]
    J. Chlopek and S. Blzewicz, Carbon, 1991, 29 (2), 127–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. [186]
    O.P. Bahl, L.M. Manocha, G. Bhatia, T.L. Dhami and R.K. Aggarwal, J. Sci. Ind. Res., 1991, 50 (7), 533–538.Google Scholar
  187. [187]
    H.A. Aglan, Int. SAMPE Symp. Exhib., 1991, 36 (2), 2237–2248.Google Scholar
  188. [188]
    A.J. Hosty, B. Rand and F.R. Jones, Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser., Vol. 111 New Materials and Their Applications 1990, IOP, Bristol, UK and Philadelphia, 1990, pp. 521–530.Google Scholar
  189. [189]
    G. Gray and G.M. Savage, Materials at High Temperatures, 1991, 9 (2), 102–109.Google Scholar
  190. [190]
    T. Hosomura and H. Okamoto, Mater. Sci. Eng., 1991, A143 (1–2), 223–229.Google Scholar
  191. [191]
    S. Kimura, Y. Tanabe and E. Yasuada, Proc. 4th Japan-US Conf. Compos. Mater., Technomic, Lancaster, PA, 1989, pp. 867–874.Google Scholar
  192. [192]
    E. Yasuda, Y. Tanabe and K. Taniguchi, Rep. Res. Lab. Eng. Mater., Tokyo Inst. Technol., 1988, 13, 113–119.Google Scholar
  193. [193]
    S. Marinkovic and S. Dimitrijevic, Carbon, 1985, 23 (6), 691–699.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. [194]
    J.W. Davidson, Proc. Metal and Ceramic Matrix Composite Processing Conf., Vol. II, US Dept. of Defense Information Analysis Centers, 1984, pp. 181–185.Google Scholar
  195. [195]
    V. Markovic, Fuel, 1987, 66 (11), 1512–1515.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  196. [196]
    P.M. Sheaffer and J.L. White, US Patent 4, 986, 943 (1991).Google Scholar
  197. [197]
    A.J. Hosty, B. Rand and F.R. Jones, Inst. Phys. Conf Ser., Vol. 111, New Materials and their Applications 1990, IOP, Bristol, UK and Philadelphia, 1990, pp. 531–530.Google Scholar
  198. [198]
    I. Charit, H. Harel, S. Fischer and G. Marom, Thermochim. Acta, 1983, 62, 237–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. [199]
    T. Chang and A. Okura, Trans. Iron Steel Inst. Jpn., 1987, 27 (3), 229–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  200. [200]
    L.M. Manocha and O.P. Bahl, Carbon, 1988, 26 (1), 13–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  201. [201]
    L.M. Manocha, O.P. Bahl and Y.K. Singh, Tanso, 1989, 140, 255–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  202. [202]
    L.M. Manocha, O.P. Bahl and Y.K. Singh, Carbon, 1991, 29 (3), 351–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  203. [203]
    L.M. Manocha, Composites (Guildford, UK), 1988, 19 (4), 311–319.Google Scholar
  204. [204]
    W. Kowbel and C.H. Shan, Carbon, 1990, 28 (2–3), 287–299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. [205]
    R.J. Zaldivar, R.W. Kobayashi and G.S. Rellick, Carbon, 1991, 29 (8), 1145–1153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. [206]
    R.E. Yeager and S.C. Shaw, Proc. Metal and Ceramic Matrix Composite Processing Conf., Vol. II, US Dept. of Defense Information Analysis Centers, 1984, pp. 145–180.Google Scholar
  207. [207]
    K.S. Goto, K.H. Han and G.R. St Pierre, Trans. Iron Steel Inst. Jpn., 1986, 26 (7), 597–603.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  208. [208]
    P. Crocker and B. McEnaney, Carbon, 1991, 29 (7), 881–885.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  209. [209]
    J.E. Sheehan, Carbon, 1989, 27 (5), 709–715.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  210. [210]
    H.V. Johnson, US Patent 1,948,382.Google Scholar
  211. [211]
    L.M. Manocha, O.P. Bahl, and Y.K. Singh, Carbon, 1989, 27 (3), 381–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  212. [212]
    T.-M. Wu, W-C. Wei and S. Hsu, Carbon, 1991, 29 (8), 1257–1265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  213. [213]
    R.C. Dickinson, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 125 (Materials Stability and Environmental Degradation), A. Barkatt, E.D. Verink Jr and L.R. Smith, 1988, pp. 3–11.Google Scholar
  214. [214]
    F.J. Buchanan and J.A. Little, Surf. Coat. Technol., 1991, 46 (2), 217–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  215. [215]
    J.R. Strife and J.E. Sheehan, Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull., 1988, 67 (2), 369–374.Google Scholar
  216. [216]
    D.W. McKee, Carbon, 1987, 25 (4), 551–557.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  217. [217]
    D.W. McKee, Carbon, 1986, 24 (6), 659–665.Google Scholar
  218. [218]
    P.E. Gray, US Patent 4, 894, 286 (1990).Google Scholar
  219. [219]
    T.D. Nixon and J.D. Cawley, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 1992, 75 (3), 703–708.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  220. [220]
    P.E. Gray, US Patent 4, 937, 101 (1990).Google Scholar
  221. [221]
    L.M. Niebylski, US Patent 4, 910, 173 (1990).Google Scholar
  222. [222]
    D.W. McKee, Carbon, 1988, 26 (5), 659–665.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  223. [223]
    P. Ehrburger, Carbon Fibers Filaments and Composites, J.L. Figueiredo, C.A. Bernardo, R.T.K. Baker and K.J. Huttinger, Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, 1990, pp. 327–336.Google Scholar
  224. [224]
    P. Ehrburger, P. Baranne and J. Lahaye, Carbon, 1986, 24 (4), 495–499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  225. [225]
    B. Bavarian, V. Arrieta and M. Zamanzadeh, Proc. Int. SAMPE Symp. and Exhib., 35, Advanced Materials: Challenge Next Decade, G. Janicki, V. Bailey and H. Schjelderup, 1990, pp. 1348–1362.Google Scholar
  226. [226]
    T.-M. Wu, W.-C. Wei and S. Hsu, Carbon, 1991, 29 (8), 1257–1265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  227. [227]
    K.H. Han, H. Ono, K.S. Goto and G.R. Pierre, J. Electrochem. Soc., 1987, 134 (4), 1003–1009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  228. [228]
    E.J. Hippo, N. Murdie and W. Kowbel, Carbon, 1989, 27 (3), 331–336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  229. [229]
    C.T. Ho and d.D.L. Chung, Carbon, 1990, 28 (6), 815–824.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  230. [230]
    E.J. Hippo, N. Murdie and A. Hyjazie, Carbon, 1989, 27 (5), 815–824.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  231. [231]
    R.A. Meyer and S.R. Gyetvay, ACS Symp., Ser., Vol. 303, Petroleum-Derived Carbons, American Chemical society, Washington, DC, 1986, pp. 380–394.Google Scholar
  232. [232]
    L.H. Peebles Jr, R.A. Meyer and J. Jortner, Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. Compos. Interfaces, Interfaces Polym., Ceram., Met. Matrix Compos., H. Ishida, Elsevier, New York, 1988, pp. 1–16.Google Scholar
  233. [233]
    L.E. Jones, P.A. Thrower and P.L. Walker Jr, Carbon, 1986, 24 (1), 51–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  234. [234]
    J.X. Zhao, R.C. Bradt and P.L. Walker Jr, Carbon, 1985, 23 (1), 9–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  235. [235]
    H. Aglan, J. Mater. Sci. Lett., 1992, 11 (4), 241–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  236. [236]
    L.M. Manocha, O.P. Bahl and Y.K. Singh, Proc. Int. Conf. Interfacial Phenomena in Composite Materials ‘89, F.R. Jones, Butterworth, 1989, pp. 310–315.Google Scholar
  237. [237]
    W. Huettner, Carbon Fibers Filaments and Composites, J.L. Figueiredo, C.A. Bernardo, R.T.K. Baker and K.J. Huttinger, Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, 1990, pp. 275–300.Google Scholar
  238. [238]
    R.B. Sandor, SAMPE Q., 1991, 22 (3), 23–28.Google Scholar
  239. [239]
    H. Weisshaus, S. Kenig and A. Siegmann, Carbon, 1991, 29 (8), 1203–1220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  240. [240]
    L.A. Feldman, J. Mater. Sci. Lett., 1986, 5, 1266–1268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  241. [241]
    S. Ragan and G.T. Emmerson, Carbon, 1992, 30 (3) 339–344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  242. [242]
    P.B. Pollock, Carbon, 1990, 28 (5), 717–732.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  243. [243]
    G. Sines, Z. Yang and B.D. Vickers, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 1989, 72 (1), 54–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  244. [244]
    R.B. Dinwiddie, T.D. Burchell and C.F. Baker, Ext. Abstr. Program-Bienn. Conf. Carbon, 1991, 20, 642–643.Google Scholar
  245. [245]
    J.W. Sapp Jr, D.A. Bowers, R.B. Dinwiddie and T.D. Burchell, Ext. Abstr. Program - Bienn. Conf. Carbon, 1991, 20, 644–645.Google Scholar
  246. [246]
    X. Shui and D.D.L. Chung, Ext. Abstr. Program - Bienn. Conf. Carbon, 1991, 20, 376–377.Google Scholar
  247. [247]
    J.-M. Chiou and D.D.L. Chung, J. Mater. Sci., 1993, 28, 1435–1446; J. Mater. Sci., 1993, 28, 1447–1470; J. Mater. Sci., 1993, 28, 1471–1487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  248. [248]
    A. Sakamoto, C. Fujiwara and T. Tsuzuku, Proc. Jpn. Congr. Mater. Res., 1990, 33, 73–79.Google Scholar
  249. [249]
    I.W. Hall, Mettallography, 1987, 20 (2), 237–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  250. [250]
    D.A. Foster, Proc. Int. SAMPE Symp. and Exhib., 34, Tomorrow’s Materials Today, G.A. Zakrzewski, D. Mazenko, S.T. Peters and C.D. Dean, 1989, pp. 1401–1410.Google Scholar
  251. [251]
    M.F. Amateau, J. Compos. Mater., 1976, 10, 279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  252. [252]
    D.M. Goddard, J. Mater. Sci., 1978, 13 (9), 1841–1848.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  253. [253]
    A.P. Levitt and H.E. Band, US Patent 4, 157, 409 (1979).Google Scholar
  254. [254]
    Adhesion and Bonding in Composites, R. Yosomiya, K. Morimoto, A. Nakajima, Y. Ikada and T. Suzuki, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1990, pp. 235–256. (Chapter on Interfacial Modifications and Bonding of Fiber-Reinforced Metal Composite Material.)Google Scholar
  255. [255]
    D.D. Himbeault, R.A. Varin and K. Piekarski, Proc. Int. Symp. Process. Ceram. Met. Matrix Compos., H. Monstaghaci, Pergamon, New York, 1989, pp. 312–323.Google Scholar
  256. [256]
    H. Vincent, C. Vincent, J.P. Scharff, H. Mourichoux and J. Bouix, Carbon, 1992, 30 (3), 495–505.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  257. [257]
    H. Katzman, Proc. Metal and Ceramic Matrix Composite Processing Conf, Vol. I, US Dept. of Defense Information Analysis Centers, 1984, pp. 115–140; J. Mater. Sci., 1987, 22, 144–148; Mater. Manufacturing Processes, 1990, 5 (1), 1–15.Google Scholar
  258. [258]
    L.D. Brown and H.L. Marcus, Proc. Metal and Ceramic Matrix Composite Processing Conf, Vol. II, US Dept. of Defense Information Analysis Centers, 1984, pp. 91–113.Google Scholar
  259. [259]
    G. Leonhardt, E. Kieselstein, H. Podlesak, E. Than and A. Hofmann, Mater. Sci. Eng., 1991, A135, 157–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  260. [260]
    K. Honjo and A. Shindo, Proc. 1st Compos. Interfaces Int. Conf., H. Ishida and J.L. Koenig, North-Holland, New York, 1986, pp, 101–107.Google Scholar
  261. [261]
    J.A. Cornie, A.S. Argon and V. Gupta, MRS Bull., 1991, 16 (4), 32–38.Google Scholar
  262. [262]
    H. Landis, Ph.D. dissertation, MIT, 1988.Google Scholar
  263. [263]
    A.S. Argon, V. Gupta, K.S. Landis and J.A. Cornie, J. Mater. Sci., 1989, 24, 1207–1218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  264. [264]
    J.P. Clement and H.J. Rack, Proc. Am. Soc. Compos. Symp. High Temp. Compos, Technomic, Lancaster, PA, 1989, pp. 11–20.Google Scholar
  265. [265]
    S. Schamm, J.P. Rocher and R. Naslain, Proc. 3rd Eur. Conf. Compos. Mater., Dey. Sci. Technol. Compos. Mater., A.R. Bunsell, P. Lamicq and A. Massiah, Elsevier, London, 1989, pp. 157–163.Google Scholar
  266. [266]
    S.N. Patankar, V. Gopinathan and P. Ramakrishnan, Scripta Metall., 1990, 24, 2197–2202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  267. [267]
    S.N. Patankar, V. Gopinathan and P. Ramakrishnan, J. Mater. Sci. Lett., 1990, 9, 912–913.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  268. [268]
    R.V. Subramanian and E.A. Nyberg, J. Mater. Res., 1992, 7 (3), 677–688.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  269. [269]
    P.-W. Chen and D.D.L. Chung, Composites, 1993, 24 (1), 33–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  270. [270]
    D.P.H. Hasselman, Therm. Conduct., 1988, 19, 383–402.Google Scholar
  271. [271]
    H.S. Kim, R.D. Rawlings and P.S. Rogers, Br. Ceram. Proc., 1989, 42, 59–68.Google Scholar
  272. [272]
    R.A.J. Sambell, D.H. Bowen and D.C. Phillips, J. Mater. Sci., 1972, 7, 663–675.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  273. [273]
    W.K. Tredway, K.M. Prewo and C.G. Pantano, Carbon, 1989, 27 (5), 717–727.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  274. [274]
    R.A. Allaire, US Patent 4, 976, 761 (1990).Google Scholar
  275. [275]
    R.A.J. Sambell, D.C. Phillips and D.H. Bowen, Carbon Fibres, Their Composites and Applications, Proc. of Int. Conf, Plastics Institute, 1974, pp. 105–113.Google Scholar
  276. [276]
    V. Gunay, P.F. James, F.R. Jones and J.E. Bailey, Br. Ceram. Proc., 1989, 45, 229–240.Google Scholar
  277. [277]
    V. Gunay, P.F. James, F.R. Jones and J.E. Bailey, Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser., Vol. 111, New Materials and their Applications 1990, IOP, Bristol, UK and Philadelphia, 1990, pp. 217–226.Google Scholar
  278. [278]
    B. Rand and R.J. Zeng, Carbon Fibers Filaments and Composites, J.L. Figueiredo, C.A. Bernardo, R.T.K. Baker and K.J. Hittinger, Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, 1990, pp. 367–398.Google Scholar
  279. [279]
    F.A. Habib, R.G. Cooke and B. Harris, Br. Ceram. Trans. J., 1990, 89, 115–124.Google Scholar
  280. [280]
    K.M. Prewo and J.A. Batt, J. Mater. Sci., 1988, 23, 523.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deborah D. L. Chung
    • 1
  1. 1.Composite Materials Research Laboratory, University at BuffaloState University of New YorkBuffaloUSA

Personalised recommendations