Advertisement

Normal Anatomy, Histology; Inflammatory Diseases

  • L. Michaels

Abstract

The palatine tonsil is composed of lymphoid tissue within which are channels lined by squamous epithelium — crypts — that open onto the surface. It is part of a ring of lymphoid tissue in the oral cavity and nasopharynx — Waldeyer’s ring — which includes also the lingual tonsil at the base of the tongue and the pharyngeal tonsil or adenoid in the nasopharynx (see Chap. 23). The normal adult tonsil measures up to 2·5 cm in length, 2·0 cm in width and 1·2 cm in thickness. Its average weight is 1·5 g. There are about 20 crypts reaching the deepest part of the structure. Submucosal glands lie in the peripheral part.

Keywords

Squamous Epithelium Lymphoid Follicle Normal Anatomy Infectious Mononucleosis Parapharyngeal Space 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bale PM, Clifton-Bligh P, Benjamin BN, Whyte HM (1971)Pathology of Tangier disease. J Clin Pathol 24: 609–616PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Buchanan G (1982) Infectious mononucleosis. Ear Nose Throat J 61: 557–561Google Scholar
  3. Eggston AE, Wolff D (1947) Histopathology of the ear, nose and throat. Williams and Wilkins, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  4. Fredrickson DS (1964) The inheritance of high density lipoprotein deficiency (Tangier disease). J Clin Invest 43: 228–236PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Howie AJ (1980) Scanning and transmission electron microscopy of the epithelium of human palatine tonsils. J Pathol 130: 91–98PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Howie AJ (1981) The cells in tonsillar crypts. Clin Otolaryngol 7: 35–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Osborn GR, Roydhouse N (1976) The tonsillitis habit. WP Roydhouse, Auckland, New ZealandGoogle Scholar
  8. Ransome J (1973) Tonsils and adenoids. In: Ransome J, Holden H, Bull TR (eds) Recent advances in otolaryngology, vol 2. Churchill Livingstone, London, pp 253–274Google Scholar
  9. Siegel G (1983) Theoretical and clinical aspects of the tonsillar function. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 6: 61–75PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Sosa-Melgarejo J (1985) Vergleichende immunozytochemische Untersuchungen zur rezidivierenden Tonsillitis und Mononucleosis Infectiosa. HNO 33: 75–83PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Sprinkle PM, Veltri RW (1977) The tonsils and adenoids. Clin Otolaryngol 2: 153–167PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Wright DH, Isaacson PG (1983) Biopsy pathology of the lymphoreticular system. Chapman and Hall, LondonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Michaels
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pathology and BacteriologyInstitute of Laryngology and Otology (University of London)LondonEngland
  2. 2.Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear HospitalLondonEngland

Personalised recommendations