Respiratory System

  • Jerry N. Cox


Our knowledge of the development of the respiratory system has unfolded rapidly in recent years following the application of modern techniques in molecular biology and genetics. Some of these, together with highly specific immunocytochemistry, are now readily applied to material obtained for diagnostic purposes, with great practical medical benefit.

General References: Development and Structure

  1. Adamson IYR, King GM (1986) Epithelial—interstitial cell interactions in fetal rat lung development accelerated by steroids. Lab Invest 55: 145PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Adriaensen D, Scheuermann DW (1993) Neuroendocrine cells and nerves of the lung. Anat Rec 236: 70PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Bourbon JR, Farrel PM (1985) Fetal lung development in the diabetic pregnancy. Pediatr Res 19: 253PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Boyden EA (1969) The pattern of the terminal air spaces in a premature infant of 30–32 weeks that lived nineteen and a quarter hours. Am J Anat 126: 31PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Burri PH (1985) Morphology and respiratory function of the alveolar unit. Int Arch Allerg Appl Immunol 76 (Suppl. 1): 2Google Scholar
  6. Caniggia I, Liu J, Han R, Buch S, Funa K, Tanswell K, Post M (1993) Fetal lung epithelial cells express receptors for platelet-derived growth factor. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 9: 54PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Cooney TP, Thurlbeck WM (1982a) The radial alveolara count method of Emery and Mihtal: a reappraisal. 1. Postnatal lung growth. Thorax 37: 572Google Scholar
  8. Cooney TP, Thurlbeck WM (1982b) The radial alveolar count method of Emery and Mithal: a reappraisal. 2. Intrauterine and early postnatal lung growth. Thorax 37: 580Google Scholar
  9. D’Amore PA (1992) Mechanisms of endothelial growth control. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 6: 1PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Desai R, Wigglesworth JS, Aber V (1988) Assessment of elastic maturation by radioimmunoassay of desmosine in the developing human lung. Early Hum Dev 16: 61PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Dilly SA (1984) Scanning electron microscope study of the devel-opment of the human respiratory acinus. Thorax 39: 733PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Dormans JAWA (1985) The alveolar type III cell. Lung 163: 327PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Dunnill MS (1982) The problem of lung growth. Thorax 37: 561PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Haidar A, Wigglesworth JS, Krausz T (1990) Type IV collagen in developing human lung: a comparison between normal and hypoplastic fetal lungs. Early Hum Dev 21: 175PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Heath D (1974) The Clara cell. Thorax 29: 147Google Scholar
  16. Hislop AA, Wigglesworth JS, DeSaia R (1986) Alveolar development in the human fetus and infant. Early Hum Dev 13: 1PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Jany BH, Gallup MW, Yan PS, Gum JR, Kim YS, Basbaum CB (1991) Human bronchus and intestine express the same mucin gene. J Clin Invest 87: 77PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Johnson MD, Gray ME, Carpenter G, Pepinsky RB, Stahlman MT (1990) Ontogeny of epidermal growth factor receptor and lipocortin-1 fetal and neonatal human lungs. Hum Pathol 21: 182PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Langston C, Kida K, Reed Maud, Thurlbeck WM (1984) Human lung growth in late gestation and in the neonate. Am Rev Respir Dis 129: 607PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Lauwerns JM, Van Ranst L, Verhofstad AAJ (1986) Ultrastructural localization of serotonin in the intrapulmonary neuroepithelial bodies of neonatal rabbits by use of immunoelectron microscopy. Cell Tissue Res 243: 455Google Scholar
  21. Minoo P, King RJ (1994) Epithelial—mesenchymal interactions in lung development. Annu Rev Physiol 56: 13PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Murray JF (1976) The normal lung: the basis for diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary disease. Saunders, Philadelphia, p 1Google Scholar
  23. Nakatani Y (1991) Pulmonary endocrine cells in infancy and childhood. Pediatr Pathol 11: 31PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Nexo E, Kryger-Baggesen N (1989) The receptor for epidermal growth factor is present in human fetal kidney, liver and lung. Regul Pept 26: 1PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Price WA, Moats-Staats BM, D’Ercole AJ, Stiles AD (1993) Insulin-like growth factor binding protein production and regulation in fetal rat lung cells. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 8: 425PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Roman J, McDonald JA (1992) Expression of fibronectin, the integrin a5, and a-smooth muscle actin in heart and lung development. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 6: 472PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Stahlman MT, Gray ME (1993) Colocalization of peptide hormones in neuroendocrine cells of human fetal and newborn lungs: an electron microscopic study. Anat Rec 236: 206PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Stahlman MT, Orth DN, Gray ME (1989) Immunocytochemical localization of epidermal growth factor in the developing human respiratory system and in acute and chronic lung disease in the neonate. Lab Invest 60: 539PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Stiles AD, Smith BT, Post M (1986) Reciprocal autocrine and paracrine regulation of growth of mesenchymal and alveolar epithelial cells from fetal lung. Exp Lung Res 11: 165PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Thurlbeck WM (1982) Postnatal human lung growth. Thorax 37: 564PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Warburton D, Lee M, Berberich MA, Bernfield M (1993) Molecular and embryology and the study of lung development. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 9: 5PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Woodcock-Mitchell J, Mitchell JJ, Reynolds SE, Leslie KO, Low RB (1990) Alveolar epithelial cell keratin expression during lung development. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 2: 503PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Zeltner TB, Burri PH (1987) The postnatal development and growth of the human lung. II. Morphology. Respir Physiol 67: 269Google Scholar
  34. Zeltner TB, Caduff JH, Gehr P, Pfenninger J, Burri PH (1987) The postnatal development and growth of the human lung. I. Morphometry. Respir Physiol 67: 247Google Scholar


  1. Abernathy EC, Hruban RH, Baumgartner WA, Reitz BA Hutchins GM (1991) The two forms of bronchiolitis obliterans in heart—lung transplant recipients. Hum Pathol 22: 1102PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Abioye AA, Edington GM (1972) Prevalence of amoebiasis at autopsy in Ibadan. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 66: 754PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Abiow RC, Driscoll SG, Effmann EL, Gross I, Jolles CJ, Vaux R, Warshaw JB (1976) A comparison of early-onset group B streptococcal neonatal infection and the respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn. N Engl J Med 294: 65Google Scholar
  4. Aboussouan LS, O’Donovan PB, Moodie DS, Gragg LA, Stoller JK (1993) Hypoplastic trachea in Down’s syndrome. Am Rev Respir Dis 147: 72PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Abramowsky CR, Witt WJ (1983) Sarcoma of the larynx in a newborn. Cancer 51: 1726PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Accard JL, Toty L, Personne C, Hertzog P (1970) Etude d’une série de 35 séquestrations avec référence aux formes particulières. Ann Chir Thorac Cardiovasc 9: 501PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Adams FH (1966) Functional development of the fetal lung. J Pediatr 68: 794PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Adamson TM, Boyd RDH, Platt HS, Strang LB (1969a) Composition of alveolar liquid in the foetal lamb. J Physiol 204: 159PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Adamson TM, Boyd RDH, Normand ICS, Reynolds EOR, Shaw JL (1969b) Haemorrhagic pulmonary oedema (“massive pulmonary haemorrhage”) in the newborn. Lancet 1: 494PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Aftandelians R, Roafat F, Taffazoli M, Beaver PC, (1977) Pulmonary capillariasis in a child in Iran. Am J Trop Med Hyg 26: 64PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Afzelius BA, Carlsten J, Karlsson S (1984) Clinical, pathologic, and ultrastructural features of situs inversus and immotilecilia syndrome in a dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc 184: 560PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Agut H (1993) Puzzles concerning the pathogenicity of human herpesvirus 6. N Eng J Med 329: 203Google Scholar
  13. Aherne W, Bird T, Court SDM, Gardner PS, McQuillin J (1970) Pathological changes in virus infections of the lower respiratory tract in children. J Clin Pathol 25: 7Google Scholar
  14. Aikawa T, Shimura S, Sasaki H, Ebina M, Takishima T (1992) Marked goblet cell hyperplasia with mucus accumulation in the airways of patients who died of severe acute asthma attack. Chest 101: 916PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Akashi K, Eizuru Y, Sumiyoshi Y, Minematsu T, Hara S, Harada M et al. (1993) Brief report: severe infectious mononucleosis-like syndrome and primary human herpesvirus 6 infection in an adult. N Engl J Med 329: 168PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Akino T, Mizumoto M, Simuzu Y et al. (1990) Pulmonary corpora amylacea contain surfactant apoprotein. Path Res Pract 186: 687PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Albelda SM, Gefter WB, Epstein DM, Miller WT, (1985) Diffuse pulmonary hemorrhage: a review and classification. Radiology 154: 289PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Alfaham MA, Ferguson SD, Sihra B, Davies J (1987) The idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome. Arch Dis Child 62: 601PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Alkalay AL, Pomerance JJ, Rimoin DL (1987) Fetal varicella syndrome. J Pediatr 111: 320PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Allan BT, Day DL, Dehner LP (1987) Primary pulmonary rhabdomyosaracoma of the lung in children. Report of two cases presenting with spontaneous pneumothorax. Cancer 59: 1005Google Scholar
  21. Allen JN, Pacht ER, Gadek JE, Davis WB (1989) Acute eosinophilic pneumonia as a reversible cause of noninfectious respiratory failure. N Engl J Med 321: 569PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Allen RKA, Chai SY, Dunbar MS, Mendelsohn FAO (1986) In vitro autoradiographaiac localization of angiotensin-converting enzyme in saracoid lymph nodes. Chest 90: 315PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Alt R, Eryny P, Messer J, Willard D (1984) Infections bactériennes néo-natales. Etude cinétique de la C, réactive protéine et de l’orosomucoide. Presse Med 13: 1373Google Scholar
  24. Alvarez-Fernandez E, Carretero-Albinana L, Menarguez-Palanca J (1989) Sclerosing hemangioma of the lung: an immunohistochemical study of intermediate filaments and endothelial markers. Arch Pathol Lab Med 113: 121PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Ambrus CM, Weintraub DH, Choi TS, Eisenberg B, Staub HP, Courey NG, Foote RJ, Goplerud D, Moesch RV, Ray M, Bross IDJ, Jung OS, Mink IB, Ambrus JL (1974) Plasminogen in the prevention of hyalaine membrane disease. Am J Dis Child 127: 189PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. An SF, Gould S, Keeling JW, Fleming KA (1993) Role of respiratory viral infection in SIDS: detection of viral nucleic acid by in situ hybridization. J Pathol 171: 271PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Anderson VM, Lee H (1988) Case 1 lymphocytic interstitial pneumonitis in pediatric AIDS Pediatr Pathol 8: 417Google Scholar
  28. Anderson WR, Engel RR (1983) Cardiopulmonary sequelae of reparative stages of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Arch Pathol Lab Med 107: 603PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Allan BT, Day DL, Dehner LP (1987) Primary pulmonary rhabdomyosaracoma of the lung in children. Report of two cases presenting with spontaneous pneumothorax. Cancer 59: 1005Google Scholar
  30. Anderson KA, Hurley WC, Hurley BT, Ohrt DW (1985) Malignant plueral mesothelioma following radiotherapy in a 16year-old boy. Cancer 56: 273PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Andraca R, Edson RS, Kern EB (1993) Rhinoscleroma: a growing concern in the United States? Mayo Clinic Experience. Mayo Clin Proc 68: 1151PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Anthony PP (1993) Inflammatory pseudotumour (plasma cell granuloma) of lung, liver and other organs. Histopathology 23: 501PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Aozasa K, Inoue A (1982) Malignant histiocytosis presenting as lethal midline granuloma: immunohistological study. J Pathol 138: 241PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Arakaki DT, Waxman SH (1969) Trisomy D in a cyclops. J Pediatr 74: 620PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Arber DA, Weiss LM, Albujar PF, Chen YY, Jaffe ES (1993) Nasal lymphomas in Peru. High incidence of T-cell immunophenotype and Epstein—Barr virus infection. Am J Surg Pathol 17: 392Google Scholar
  36. Arean VM, Crandall CA (1971) Ascariasis. In: Marcial-Rojas PA (ed) Pathology of protozoa and helminthic disease with clinical correlation. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, p 769Google Scholar
  37. Argyle JC (1989) Pulmonary hypoplasia infants with giant abdominal wall defects. Pediatr Pathol 9: 43PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Armin A, Castelli M (1984) Congenital adrenal tissue in the lung with adrenal cytomegaly. Case report and review of the literature. Am J Clin Pathol 82: 225Google Scholar
  39. Arnold W, Huth F (1978) Electron microscope findings in four cases of nasophryngeal fibroma. Virchows Arch [Pathol Anat] 379: 285Google Scholar
  40. Amon S, Grigg J, Silverman M (1993) Pulmonary inflammatory cells in ventilated preterm infants: effect of surfactant treatment. Arch Dis Child 69: 44Google Scholar
  41. Asano Y, Suga S, Yoshikawa T, Yazaki T, Uchikawa T (1995) Clinical features and viral excretion in an infant with primary human herpesvirus 7 infection. Pediatrics 95: 187PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Asano Y, Yoshikawa T, Suga S, Kobayashi I, Nakashima T, Yazaki T, et al. (1994) Clinical features of infants with primary human herpesvirus 6 infection (exanthem subitum, roseola infantum). Pediatrics 93: 104PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Asher MI, Spier S, Beland M, Coates AL, Beaudry PH (1982) Primary lung abscess in childhood. A long-term outcome of conservative management. Am J Dis Child 136: 491Google Scholar
  44. Askin FB (1975) Nose, nasopharynx, larynx and trachea. In: Kissane JM (ed) Pathology of infancy and childhood. Mosby, St Louis, p 464Google Scholar
  45. Askin FB (1975) Nose, nasopharynx, larynx and trachea. In: Kissane JM (ed) Pathology of infancy and childhood. Mosby, St Louis, p 464Google Scholar
  46. Assimes IK, Rosales JK (1980) Congenital tracheal diverticulum. A case report. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 89: 406Google Scholar
  47. Aterman K, Patel S (1970) Striated muscle in the lung. Am J Anat 128: 341PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Austin JR, deTar M, Rice DH (1994) Pulmonary chondroid hamartoma presenting as an inflatable neck mass. Case report and clinicopathologic analysis. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 120: 440Google Scholar
  49. Awe WC, Fletcher WS, Jacob SW (1966) The pathophysiology of aspiration pneumonitis. Surgery 60: 232Google Scholar
  50. Bachwich PR, Lynch JP Kunkel SL (1987) Arachidonic acid metabolism is altered in sarcoid alveolar macrophages. Clin Immunol Immunopathol 42: 27PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Bailey BJ, Barton S (1975) Olfactory neuroblastoma management and prognosis. Arch Otolaryngol 101: 1PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Bale JF Jr, Watkins M (1978) Fulminant neonatal Haemophilus influenzae pneumonia and sepsis. J Pediatr 92: 233PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. Bâle PM (1979) Congenital cystic malformation of the lung: a form of congenital bronchiolar (“adenomatoid”) malformation. Am J Clin Pathol 71: 411PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. Bale PM, Parsons RE, Stevens MM (1983) Diagnosis and behaviour of juvenile rhabdomyosarcoma. Hum Pathol 14: 596PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. Baliga R, Chang CH, Bidani AK, Perrin EV, Fleischmann LE (1978) A case of generalized Wegner’s granulomatosis in childhood: successful therapy with cyclophosphamide. Pediatrics 61: 286PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. Baltimore, RS, Christie CDC, Walker Smith, GJ (1989) Immunohistopatholigic localization of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in lungs from patients with cystic fibrosis. Implications for the pathogenesis of progressive lung deterioration. Am Rev Respir Dis 140: 1650Google Scholar
  57. Bando T, Genka K, Ishikawa K, Kuniyoshi M, Kuda T (1993) Ectopic intrapulmonary thyroid. Chest 103: 1278PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Bang AT, Bang RA, Morankar VP, Sontakke PG, Solanki JM (1993) Pneumonia in neonates: can it be managed in the community? Arch Dis Child 68: 550PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. Barker AF, Bardana EJJr (1988) Bronchiectasis: update of an orphan disease 1,2. Am Rev Respir Dis 137: 969PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. Barnard WG (1952) Embryoma of lung. Thorax 7: 299PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. Baroni CD, Mineo TC, Ricci C, Guarino S, Mandelli F (1977) Solitary secretary plasmacytoma of the lung in a 14-year-old boy. Cancer 40: 2329PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. Barson AJ (1978) Tentorial tears as a problem for the paediatrician. Paper presented at the twenty-eighth meeting of the Paediatric Pathology Society, BristolGoogle Scholar
  63. Barter RA, Hudson JA (1974) Bacteriological findings in perinatal pneumonia. Pathology 6: 223PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. Barth PJ, Rüschoff J (1992) Morphometric study on pulmonary arterial thickness in pulmonary hypoplasia. Pediatr Pathol 12: 653PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. Bartimmo EE Jr, Guisan M, Moser KM (1972) Pulmonary involvement in Fabry’s disease: a reappraisal. Follow-up of a San Diego kindred and review of the literature. Am J Med 53: 755Google Scholar
  66. Bartlett JG, Gorbach SL, Finegold SM (1974a) The bacteriology of aspiration pneumonia. Am J Med 56: 202PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. Bartlett JG Gorbach SL, Tally FP, Finegold SM (1974b) Bacteriology and treatment of primary lung abscess. Am Rev Respir Dis 109: 510PubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. Bartley TD, Arean VM (1965) Intrapulmonary neurogenic tumours. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 50: 114PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. Barton RPE, Davey TF (1976) Early leprosy of the nose and throat. J Laryngol 90: 953Google Scholar
  70. Barton Rogers B, Mark Y, Oyer CE (1993) Diagnosis and incidence of fetal parvovirus infection in an autopsy series: I Histology. Pediatr Pathol 13: 371Google Scholar
  71. Basheda SG, Mehta AC, De Boer G, Orlowski JP (1991) Endobronchial and parenchymal juvenile laryngotracheo-Google Scholar
  72. Barton Rogers B, Mark Y, Oyer CE (1993) Diagnosis and incidence of fetal parvovirus infection in an autopsy series: I Histology. Pediatr Pathol 13: 371Google Scholar
  73. Baskerville A, Conlan JW, Ashworth LAE, Dowsett AB (1986) Pulmonary damage caused by a protease from Legionella pneumophila. Br J Exp Pathol 67: 527PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. Bass JW, Steele RW, Wiebe RA (1974) Acute epiglottitis. A surgical emergency. JAMA 229: 671Google Scholar
  75. Bass JW, Steele RW, Wiebe RA (1974) Acute epiglottitis. A surgical emergency. JAMA 229: 671Google Scholar
  76. Bauman NM, Kirby-Keyser LJ, Dolan KD, Wexler D, Gantz BJ, McCabe B F et al. (1994) Mondini dysplasia and congenital cytomegalovirus infection. J Pediatr 124: 71PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. Beca J Butt W (1994) Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for refractory septic shock in children. Pediatrics 93: 726PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. Becroft DM (1971) Bronchiolitis obliterans, bronchietasis and other sequelae of adenovirus type 21 infection in young children. J Clin Pathol 24: 72PubMedGoogle Scholar
  79. Beers MF, Sohn M, Swartz, M (1990) Recurrent pneumothorax in AIDS patients with pneumocystis pneumonia. A clinicopathologic report of three cases and review of the literataure. Chest 98: 266Google Scholar
  80. Beguin G (1994) Calcification arterielle idiopathique infantile. Nouvelles donne es morphologiques, hypothese étiologique et revue de la littérature. Thesis -Geneva 1–88Google Scholar
  81. Beham A, Fletcher CDM, Kainz J, Schmid C, Humer U (1993) Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma: an immunohistochemical study of 32 cases. Virchows Archiv A [Pathol Anat] 423: 281Google Scholar
  82. Benacerraf BR, Frigoletto FD (1986) Fetal respiraotry movements: only part of the biophysical profile. Obstet Gynecol 67: 556PubMedGoogle Scholar
  83. Benatre A, Laugier J, Grangeponte MC (1978) La maladie de membranes hyalines. Rôle du complément. Rev Fr Mal Respir 6: 67Google Scholar
  84. Bender TM, Stone LR, Amenta JS (1994) Diagnostic power of lecithin/sphingomyelin ratio and fluorescence polarization assays for respiratory distress syndrome compared by relative operating characteristic curves. Clin Chem 40: 541PubMedGoogle Scholar
  85. Bender TM, Stone LR, Amenta JS (1994) Diagnostic power of lecithin/sphingomyelin ratio and fluorescence polarization assays for respiratory distress syndrome compared by relative operating characteristic curves. Clin Chem 40: 541PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. Benjamin B (1984) Tracheomalacia in infants and children. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 93: 438PubMedGoogle Scholar
  87. Benjamin DR (1989) Case 4 herpes simplex tracheobronchitis and pneumonitis. Pediatr Pathol 9: 773PubMedGoogle Scholar
  88. Benveniste RJ, Harris HE (1973) Nasal hemangiopericytoma. Arch Otolaryngol 98: 358PubMedGoogle Scholar
  89. Benz-Lemoine E, Delwail V, Castel O, Guilhot F, Robert R, Grollier G et al. (1991) Nosocomial Legionnaires disease in a bone marrow transplant unit. Bone Marrow Transplant 7: 61PubMedGoogle Scholar
  90. Berezin A (1969) Histochemical study of the hyaline membrane of newborn infants and of that produced in guinea pigs. Biol Neonate 14: 90Google Scholar
  91. Berger R, Störchler D, Rudin C (1992) Cord blood screening for congenital toxoplasmosis: detection and treatment of asymptomatic newborns in Basel, Switzerland. Scand J Infect Dis 84: 46Google Scholar
  92. Berger U, Khaghani A, Pomerance A, Yacoub MH, Coombes RC (1990) Pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis and steroid receptors. An immunocytochemical study. Am J Clin Pathol 93: 609Google Scholar
  93. Bergman B, Hender T (1978) Antepartum administration of terbutaline and the incidence of hyaline membrane disease in preterm infants. Acta Obstet Gynecol 57: 217Google Scholar
  94. Berkowitz RL, Kantor RD, Beck GJ, Warshaw JB (1978) The relationship between premature rupture of the membranes and the respiratory distress syndrome. An update and plan of management. Am J Obstet Gynecol 131: 503Google Scholar
  95. Berlinger NT, Proto DP, Thompson TR (1987) Infantile lobar emphysema. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 96: 106PubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. Berman JM, Colman BH (1977) Nasal aspects of cystic fibrosis in children. J Laryngol Otol 91: 133PubMedGoogle Scholar
  97. Berkowitz RL, Kantor RD, Beck GJ, Warshaw JB (1978) The relationship between premature rupture of the membranes and the respiratory distress syndrome. An update and plan of management. Am J Obstet Gynecol 131: 503Google Scholar
  98. Berry PJ, Nagington J (1982) Fatal infection with echovirus II. Arch Dis Child 57: 22PubMedGoogle Scholar
  99. Berry DD, Pramanik AK, Philips JB III, Buchter DS, Kanarek KS, Easa D et al. (1994) Comparison of the effect of three doses of a synthetic surfactant on the alveolar—arterial oxygen gradient in infants weighing 1250 grams with respiratory distress syndrome. J Pediatr 124: 295Google Scholar
  100. Berry JP, Gray ES, Porter HJ, Burton PA (1992) Parvovirus infec- tion of the human fetus and newborn. Semin Diagn Pathol 9: 4PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. Berthoud S (1972) Les multiples aspects de la bilharziose. A propos de quelques cas observés à Genéve. Praxis 61: 809PubMedGoogle Scholar
  102. Betancourt D, Beckerman RC (1992) Immunologic features of the lungs in cystic fibrosis. Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America 12: 249Google Scholar
  103. Beutler E (1992) Gaucher disease: new molecular approaches to diagnosis and treatment. Science 256: 794PubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. Biggs JSG, Hemming J, McGeary H, Gaffney TJ (1974) Human amniotic and fetal neonatal pharyngeal fluids. J Obstet Gynaecol Br Cwlth 81: 70Google Scholar
  105. Bismuth C, Scherrmann JM, Gamier R, Baud FJ, Pontal PG (1987) Elimination of paraquat. Hum Toxicol 6: 63PubMedGoogle Scholar
  106. Blasi F, Boschini A, Cosentini R, Legnani D, Smacchia C, Ghira C et al. (1994) Outbreak of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection in former injection-drug users. Chest 105: 812PubMedGoogle Scholar
  107. Blayney M, Kerem E, Whyte H, O’Brodovich H (1991) Bronchopulmonary dysplasia: improvement in lung function between 7 and 10 years of age. J Pediatr 118: 201PubMedGoogle Scholar
  108. Bliek AJ, Mulholland DJ (1971) Extralobal lung sequestration associated with fetal neonatal respiratory distress. Thorax 26: 125PubMedGoogle Scholar
  109. Body BA, Spicer A, Burgwyn CM (1988) Immunoidentification of Histoplasma capsulatum and Blastomyces dermatitidis with commercial exoantigen reagents. Arch Pathol Lab Med 112: 519PubMedGoogle Scholar
  110. Bohin S, Field DJ (1994) The epidemiology of neonatal respiratory disease. Early Hum Develop 37: 73Google Scholar
  111. Boisset G (1972) Subpleural emphysema complicating staphylococcal and other pneumonias. J Pediatr 81: 259PubMedGoogle Scholar
  112. Bonetti F, Chiodera PK, Pea M, Martignoni G, Bosi F, Zamboni G et al. (1993) Transbronchial biopsy in lymphangiomyomatosis of the lung. HMB45 for diagnosis. Am J Surg Pathol 17: 1092PubMedGoogle Scholar
  113. Bonetti F, Pea M, Martignoni G, Zamboni G, Iuzzolino P (1991) Cellular heterogeneity in lymphangiomyomatosis of the lung ( Letter ). Hum Pathol 22: 727Google Scholar
  114. Bonetti F, Pea M, Martignoni G, Zamboni G, Iuzzolino P (1991) Cellular heterogeneity in lymphangiomyomatosis of the lung ( Letter ). Hum Pathol 22: 727Google Scholar
  115. Bonsib SM, Walker WP (1989) Pulmonary—renal syndrome: clinical similarity amidst etiologic diversity. Mod Pathol 2: 129PubMedGoogle Scholar
  116. Booth JB, Osborn DA (1970) Granular cell myoblastoma of the larynx. Acta Otolaryngol 70: 279PubMedGoogle Scholar
  117. Bouchayer M, Cornut G, Witzig E, Loire R, Roch JB, Bastian RW (1985) Epidermoid cysts, sulci, and mucosal bridges of the true vocal cord: a report of 157 cases. Laryngoscope 95: 1087PubMedGoogle Scholar
  118. Boulnois GJ (1992) Pneumococcal proteins and the pathogenesis of disease caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae. J Gen Microbiol 138: 249PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. Bouros D, Gazis A, Blatsios V, Melissinos C (1987) Leiomyoma of the trachea. Eur J Respir Dis 71: 206PubMedGoogle Scholar
  120. Bove KE (1989) Case 6. Sarcoma arising in pulmonary mesenchymal cystic hamartoma. Pediatr Pathol 9: 785PubMedGoogle Scholar
  121. Bowie LJ, Shammo J, Dohnal JC, Farrel E Vye MV (1991) Lamellar body number density and the prediction of respiratory distress. Am J Clin Pathol 95: 781PubMedGoogle Scholar
  122. Bouros D, Gazis A, Blatsios V, Melissinos C (1987) Leiomyoma of the trachea. Eur J Respir Dis 71: 206PubMedGoogle Scholar
  123. Boyden EA (1955) Developmental anatomy, physiology and pathology. Development anomalies of the lung. Am J Surg 80: 79Google Scholar
  124. Boyden EA, Bill AH Jr, Creighton SA (1962) Presumptive origin of a left lower accessory lung from an esophageal diverticulum. Surgery 52: 323PubMedGoogle Scholar
  125. Brasfield DM, Stagno S, Whitley RJ, Cloud G, Cassell G, Tiller RE (1987) Infant pneumonitis associated with cytomegalovirus, Chlamydia, Pneumocytis, and Ureaplasma: follow-up. Pediatrics 79: 76PubMedGoogle Scholar
  126. Bridger JE, Kreczy A, Wigglesworth JS (1992) Transthoracic Herniation of the fetal lung. Bagpipe lung. Pediatr Pathol 12: 417Google Scholar
  127. Briselli M, Mark GJ, Grillo HC (1978) Tracheal carcinoids. Cancer 42: 2870PubMedGoogle Scholar
  128. Brook I, Finegold SM (1979) Bacteriology and therapy of lung abscess in children. J Pediatr 94: 10PubMedGoogle Scholar
  129. Brown RW, Clark GM, Tandon AK, Allred DC (1993) Multiple-marker immunohistochemical phenotypes distinguishing malignant pleural mesothelioma from pulmonary adenocarcinoma. Hum Pathol 24: 347PubMedGoogle Scholar
  130. Brown AC, Slocum PC, Putthoff SL, Wallace WE, Foresman BH (1994) Exogenous lipoid pneumonia due to nasal application of petroleum jelly. Chest 105: 968PubMedGoogle Scholar
  131. Brus F, van Waarde WM, Schoots C, Oetomo SB (1991) Fatal ureaplasmal pneumonia and sepsis in a newborn infant. Eur J Pediatr 150: 782PubMedGoogle Scholar
  132. Bryan CS, Reynolds KL, (1984) Bacteremic nosocomial pneumonia: analysis of 172 episodes from a single metropolitan area. Annu Rev Respir Dis 129: 668Google Scholar
  133. Buchanan MC (1959) Sequestration of the lung. Arch Dis Child 34: 137PubMedGoogle Scholar
  134. Burgart LJ, Heller MJ, Reznicek M, Greiner TC, Teneyck CJ, Robinson RA (1991) Cytomegalovirus detection in bone marrow transplant patients with idiopathic pneumonitis. A clinocopathologic study of the clinical utility of the polymerase chain reaction on open lung biopsy specimen tissue. Am J Clin Pathol 96: 572Google Scholar
  135. Burke JA (1978) Strongyloidiasis in childhood. Am J Dis Child 132: 1130PubMedGoogle Scholar
  136. Burkhardt A (1989) Alveolitis and collapse in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis. Am Rev Respir Dis 140: 513PubMedGoogle Scholar
  137. Burkhardt A, Cottier H (1989) Cellular events in alveolitis and the evolution of pulmonary fibrosis. Virchows Archiv B Cell Pathol 58: 1Google Scholar
  138. Burkitt DP (1970) General features and facial tumours. In: Burkitt DP, Wright D (eds) Burkitt’s lymphoma. Livingstone, Edinburgh, p 6Google Scholar
  139. Bus JS, Gibson JE, (1984) Paraquat: model for oxidant-initiated toxicity. Environ Health Perspect 55: 37PubMedGoogle Scholar
  140. Bussolati G, Papatti M, Forschini MP, Eusebi V (1987) The interest of actin immunocytochemistry in diagnostic histopathology. Basic Appl Histochem 14: 596Google Scholar
  141. Byard RW, Thorner PS, Edwards V Greenberg M (1990) Pulmonary malacoplakia in a child. Pediatr Pathol 10: 417PubMedGoogle Scholar
  142. Cabrera A, Sarrionandia JJ, Idigoras G et al. (1989) Scimitar syndrome in the newborn child and infant. Rev Esp Cardiol 42: 322PubMedGoogle Scholar
  143. Cagnano M, Benharroch D, Geffen DB (1991) Pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis. Report of a case with associated multiple soft-tissue tumors. Arch Pathol Lab Med 115: 1257Google Scholar
  144. Cale WF, Petsonk EL, Boyd CB (1983) Transbronchial biopsy of pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis. Arch Intern Med 143: 358PubMedGoogle Scholar
  145. Cameron JL, Anderson RP, Zuidema GD (1967) Aspiration pneu- monia. A clinical and experimental review. J Surg Res 7: 44Google Scholar
  146. Campognone P, Singer DB (1986) Neonatal sepsis due to nontypable Haemophilus influenzae. Am J Dis Child 140: 117PubMedGoogle Scholar
  147. Canalis RF, Jenkins HA, Hemenway WG, Lincoln C (1978) Nasopharyngeal rhabdomyosarcoma. A clinical perspective. Arch Otolaryngol 104: 122Google Scholar
  148. Cantrell RW, Bell RA, Moricka WT (1978) Acute epiglottis-intubation versus tracheostomy. Laryngoscope 88: 994PubMedGoogle Scholar
  149. Caries D, Dallay D, Serville F et al. (1992a) Malformation adenomatoïde kystique du poumon, agénésie rénale bilatérale et hypoplasie du coeur gauche. Ann Pathol 12: 367Google Scholar
  150. Caries, D, Servile F, Dubecq JP, Alberti EM, Horovitz J, Weichhold W (1992b) Idiopathic arterial calcification in a stillborn complicated by pleural hemorrhage and hydrops fetalis. Arch Pathol Lab Med 116: 293Google Scholar
  151. Carter G, Thibeault DW, Beatty EC Jr, Kilbride HW, Huntrakoon M (1989) Misalignment of lung vessels and alveolar capillary dysplasia: a cause of persistent pulmonary hypertension. J Pediatr 114: 293–300Google Scholar
  152. Cauchois R, Laccourreye O, Bremond D, Testud R, Küffer R, Monteil JP (1994) Nasal dermoid sinus cyst. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 103: 615PubMedGoogle Scholar
  153. Cayeux P (1972) Infections néonatales à streptocoques du groupe B constatations étiologiques. A propos de 77 observations. Arch Fr Pediatr 29: 391PubMedGoogle Scholar
  154. CDC (1994) Update: influenza activity — United States and worldwide, 1993–94 season, and composition of the 1994–95 influenza vaccine. JAMA 271: 1070Google Scholar
  155. Chambran P, Binet JP, Narcy P et al. (1988) Sténose trachéale congénitale par anneaux circulaires complets. Trachéoplastie à l’aide de péricarde autologue. Presse Med 17: 1810Google Scholar
  156. Chandler JR, Goulding R, Moskowitz L, Quencer RM (1984) Nasopharyngeal angiofibromas: staging and management. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 93: 322PubMedGoogle Scholar
  157. Chaput M, Ninane J, Gosseye S et al. (1989) Juvenile laryngeal papillomatosis and epidermoid carcinoma. J Pediatr 114: 269PubMedGoogle Scholar
  158. Charles RE, Katz RL, Ordonez NG, Mackay B (1986) Varicella—Zoster infection with pleural involvement. A cytologic and ultrastructural study of a case. Am J Clin Pathol 85: 522Google Scholar
  159. Chaudhry AP, Haar JG, Koul A, Nickerson PA (1979) Olfactory neuroblastoma (esthesioneuroblastoma). A light and ultrastructral study of two cases. Cancer 44: 564Google Scholar
  160. Chave J-P, David S, Wauters J-P, Van Melle G, Francioli P (1991) Transmission of Pneumocystis carinii from AIDS patients to other immunosuppressed patients: a cluster of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in renal transplant recipients. AIDS 5: 927PubMedGoogle Scholar
  161. Chejfec G, Cosnow I, Gould NS, Husain AN, Gould VE (1990) Pulmonary blastoma with neuroendocrine differentiation in cell morules resembling neuroepithelial bodies. Histopathology. 17: 353PubMedGoogle Scholar
  162. Chellam VG (1988) Rhabdomyomatous dysplasia of the lung. A case report with review of the literature. Pediatr Pathol 8: 391PubMedGoogle Scholar
  163. Chen TC Kuo T (1993) Castleman’s disease presenting as a pedunculated nasopharyngeal tumor simulating angiofibroma. Histopathology 23: 485PubMedGoogle Scholar
  164. Chen MF, Onerheim R, Wang NS, Hütner I (1991) Rhabdomyomatosis of newborn lung. A case report with immunohistochemical and electronmicroscopic characterization of striated muscle cells in the lung. Pediatr Pathol 11: 123Google Scholar
  165. Cherniack RM, Colby TV, Flint A, Thurlbeck WM, Waldron J, Ackerson L et al. (1991) Quantitative assessment of lung pathology in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Am Rev Respir Dis 144: 892PubMedGoogle Scholar
  166. Chessels MJ, Wigglesworth JS (1971) Haemostatic failure in babies with rhesus isoimmunisation. Arch Dis Child 46: 38Google Scholar
  167. Chi JG, Shong YK (1982) Diffuse striated muscle heteroplasia of the lung. An autopsy case. Arch Pathol Lab Med 106: 641Google Scholar
  168. Chi EY, Kuo C-C, Grayston JT (1987) Unique ultrastructure in the elementary body of Chlamydia sp. strain. TWAR J Bacteriol 169: 375Google Scholar
  169. Cho KR, Woodruff JD, Epstein JI (1989) Leiomyoma of the uterus with multiple extrauterine smooth muscle tumors: a case report suggesting multifocal origin. Hum Pathol 20: 80PubMedGoogle Scholar
  170. Chou P, Blei ED, Shen-Schwarz S, Gonzalez-Crssi F, Reynolds M (1993) Pulmonary changes following extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: autopsy study of 23 cases. Hum Pathol 24: 405PubMedGoogle Scholar
  171. Chu L, Gussack GS, On JB, Hood D (1994) Neonatal Laryngoceles. A cause for airway obstruction. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 120: 454Google Scholar
  172. Chung EB, Enzinger FM (1981) Infantile myofibromatosis. Cancer 48: 1807PubMedGoogle Scholar
  173. Civantos FJ, Holinger LD (1992) Laryngoceles and saccular cysts in infants and children. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 118: 296PubMedGoogle Scholar
  174. Clark DA, Nieman GF, Thompson JE, Paskanik AM, Rokhar JE, Bredenberg CE (1987) Surfactant displacement by meconium free fatty acids: an alternative explanation for atelectasis in meconium aspiration syndrome. J Pediatr 110: 765PubMedGoogle Scholar
  175. Clelland CA, Higenbottam TW, Stewarat S, Scott JP, Wallwork J (1990) The histological changes in transbronchial biopsy after treatment of acute lung rejection in heart—lung transplants. J Pathol 161: 105PubMedGoogle Scholar
  176. Coffin CM, Schechtman K, Cole FS, Dehner LP (1993) Neonatal and infantile pulmonary hemorrhage: an autopsy study with clinical correlation. Pediatr Pathol 13: 583PubMedGoogle Scholar
  177. Cogbill TH, Moore FA, Accurso FJ, Lilly JR (1983) Primary tracheomalacia. Ann Thorac Surg 35: 538PubMedGoogle Scholar
  178. Cohen SR, Chai J (1978) Epiglottis: twenty-year study with tracheotomy. Ann Otol 87: 461Google Scholar
  179. Cohen SR, Thompson JW (1986) Lymphangiomas of the larynx in infants and children. A survey of pediatric lymphangioma. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 95: 1Google Scholar
  180. Cohen SR, Landing BH, Isaacs H (1978a) Fibrous histiocytoma of the trachea. Ann Otol Rhinol 87: 2Google Scholar
  181. Cohen SR, Landing BH, Isaacs H, King KK, Hanson V (1978b) Solitary plasmacytoma of the larynx and upper trachea associated with systemic lupus erythematosus. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 87: 11Google Scholar
  182. Cohen SR, Landing BH, King KK, Isaacs H (1978c) Wegener’s granulomatosis causing laryngeal and tracheobronchial obstruction in an adolescent girl. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 87: 15Google Scholar
  183. Cohen SR, Landing BH, Byrne WJ, Feig S, Isaacs H (1978d) Primary lymphosarcoma of the larynx in a child. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 87: 20Google Scholar
  184. Cohen M, Emms M, Kaschula RO (1991) Childhood pulmonary blastoma: a pleuropulmonary variant of the adult-type pulmonary blastoma. Pediatr Pathol 11: 737PubMedGoogle Scholar
  185. Cohen MC, Drut R, Garcia C, Kaschula ROC (1992) Mesenchymal hamartoma of the chest wall: a cooperative study with review of the literature. Pediatr Pathol 12: 525PubMedGoogle Scholar
  186. Cohen MC, Kaschula ROC (1992) Primary pulmonary tumors in childhood: a review of 31 years’ experience and the literature. Pediatr Pulmonol 140: 222Google Scholar
  187. Cohen MD (1994) Current controversy: is computed tomography scan of the chest needed in patients with Wilm’s tumor? Amer J Pediatr Hemato-Oncol 16: 191Google Scholar
  188. Cole VA, Normand ICS, Reynolds EOR, Rivers RPA (1973) Pathogenesis of hemorrhagic pulmonary edema and massive pulmonary haemorrhage in the newborn. Pediatrics 51: 175PubMedGoogle Scholar
  189. Coleman A, Colby TV (1988) Histologic diagnosis of extrinsic allergic alveolitis. Am J Surg Pathol 12: 514PubMedGoogle Scholar
  190. Colley MH, Geppert E, Frankin W A (1989) Immunohistochemical detection of steroid receptors in a case of pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis. Am J Surg Pathol 13: 803PubMedGoogle Scholar
  191. Compagno J (1978) Hemangio pericytoma — like tumors of the nasal cavity: a comparison with hemangiopericytoma of soft tissues. Laryngoscope 88: 460PubMedGoogle Scholar
  192. Compagno J, Wong RT (1977) Intranasala mixed tumors (pleomorphic adenomas). A clinicopathologic study of 40 cases. Am J Clin Pathol 68: 213PubMedGoogle Scholar
  193. Compagno J, Hyams VJ, Lepore ML (1976) Nasal polyposis with stroma] atypia: review and follow-up study of 14 cases. Arch Pathol Lab Med 100: 244Google Scholar
  194. Cone RW, Hackman RC, Huang M-L, Bowden RA, Meyers JD, Metcalf M et al. (1993) Human herpesvirus 6 in lung tissue from patients with pneumonitis after bone marrow transplantation. N Engl J Med 329: 156PubMedGoogle Scholar
  195. Conley J, Healey WV, Blaugrund SM, Perzin KH (1968) Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma in the juvenile. Surg Gynecol Obstet 126: 825PubMedGoogle Scholar
  196. Cooney TP, Thurlbeck WM (1982) The radial alveolar count of Emery and Mithal: a reappraisal. II Intrauterine and early postnatal lung growth. Thorax 37: 580Google Scholar
  197. Cooney TP, Thurlbeck WM (1985) Lung growth and development in anencephaly and hydranencephaly. Am Rev Respir Dis 132: 596PubMedGoogle Scholar
  198. Corbally MT (1993) Laryngo-tracheo-eosophageal cleft. Arch Dis Child 68: 550Google Scholar
  199. Corrao WM, Mark EJ (1990) Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital (Case 21–1990). N Engl Med 322: 1512Google Scholar
  200. Corrin B (1992) Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia. A British view. Chest 102: 7SGoogle Scholar
  201. Cotton BH, Spaulding K, Penido JRF (1956) An accessory lung: report of a case. J Thorac Surg 23: 508Google Scholar
  202. Courtin P, Janin A, Sault MC, Pruvot FR, Degreef JM, Gosselin B (1987) Adénome bronchique pur. Etude anatomoclinique et ultrastructurale d’un cas. Ann Pathol 7: 315Google Scholar
  203. Cowie F, Meller ST, Cushing P, Pinkerton R (1994) Chemoprophylaxis for pulmonary aspergillosis during intensive chemotherapy. Arch Dis Child 70: 136PubMedGoogle Scholar
  204. Cowper SG (1973) Bilharziasis (schistosomiasis) in Nigeria. Trop Georgr Med 25: 105Google Scholar
  205. Crapo JD (1986) Morphologic changes in pulmonary oxygen toxicity. Annu Rev Physiol 48: 721PubMedGoogle Scholar
  206. Crapo JD and Wright JR (1995) SP-A deficiency. A cause or consequence of inflammation in bronchopulmonary dysplasia? Am J Respir Crit Med 151: 595Google Scholar
  207. Crissman JD, Weiss MA, Gluckman J (1982) Midline granuloma syndrome. A clinicopathologic study of 13 patients. Am J Surg Pathol 6: 335PubMedGoogle Scholar
  208. Crissman JD, Kessis T, Shah KV et al. (1988) Squamous papillary neoplasia of the adult upper aerodigestive tract. Hum PatholGoogle Scholar
  209. Crissman JD, Kessis T, Shah KV et al. (1988) Squamous papillary neoplasia of the adult upper aerodigestive tract. Hum PatholGoogle Scholar
  210. Cutz E (1987) Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis and related disorders in infancy and childhood. Perspect Pediatr Pathol 11: 47PubMedGoogle Scholar
  211. de la Fuente AA (1994) Full term SIBS with neonatal RDS. Abstract — 40th Annual Meeting Pediat Path SocGoogle Scholar
  212. Deavers M, Guinee D, Koss MN, Travis WD (1995) Granular cell tumors of the lung. Clinicopathologic study of 20 cases. Am J Surg Pathol 19: 627PubMedGoogle Scholar
  213. deMello DE, Nogee LM, Heyman S, Krous HF, Hussain M, Merritt TA et al. (1994) Molecular and phenotypic variability in the congenital alveolar proteinosis syndrome associated with inherited surfactant protein B deficiency. J Pediatr 125: 43PubMedGoogle Scholar
  214. D’Ercole C, Boubli L, Potier A, Borrione C-L, Leclaire M, Blanc B (1994) Pathologie tumorale thoracique foetale. A propos d’un cas d’hamartome thoracique. Medecine Foetale et Echographie en Gynecologie 19: 17Google Scholar
  215. Dain DW, Randall JL, Smith JW (1970) Starch in the lungs of newborns following positive-pressure ventilation. Am J Dis Child 119: 218PubMedGoogle Scholar
  216. Daniels AC, Conner GH, Straus FH (1967) Primary chondrosarcoma of the tracheobronchial tree. Report of a unique case and brief review. Arch Pathol 84: 615Google Scholar
  217. Dardick I, Guindi M, Barr JR, Hickey NM, Sachs HJ (1989) An unusual tumor of the lung. Ultrastruct Pathol 13: 325PubMedGoogle Scholar
  218. Davey RT Jr, Masur H (1990) Recent advances in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 34: 499PubMedGoogle Scholar
  219. David TJ (1986) Nasal polyposis, opaque paranasal sinuses and usually normal hearing: the otorhinolaryngological features of cystic fibrosis. JR Soc Med 79 (suppl 12): 23Google Scholar
  220. Davis JM, Metlay LA, Dickerson B, Penney DP, Notter RH (1990) Early pulmonary changes associated with high-frequency jet ventilation in newborn piglets. Pediat Res 27: 460PubMedGoogle Scholar
  221. Davis S, Bove KE, Wells TR, Hartsell B, Weinberg A, Gilbert E (1992) Tracheal cartilaginous sleeve. Pediatr Pathol 12: 349PubMedGoogle Scholar
  222. Davis SL, Furman DP, Costarino AT Jr (1993) Adult respiratory distress syndrome in children: associated disease, clinical course, and predictors of death. J Pediatr 123: 35PubMedGoogle Scholar
  223. Day DW, Taylor SA (1975) An intrapulmonary teratoma associated with thymic tissue. Thorax 30: 582PubMedGoogle Scholar
  224. de la Monte SM, Hutchins GM, Moore GW (1986) Respiratory epithelial cell necrosis is the earliest lesion of hyaline membrane disease of the newborn. Am J Pathol 123: 155PubMedGoogle Scholar
  225. de Montis G, Gamier P, Thomassin N, Job JC, Rossier A (1972) La mucolipidose type II (maladie des cellules à inclusion). Etude d’un cas et revue de la littérature. Ann Pediatr 19: 369Google Scholar
  226. De Remee RA, Weiland LH, McDonald TJ (1978) Polymorphic reticulosis, lymphomatoid granulomatosis. Two diseases or one? Mayo Clin Proc 53: 634Google Scholar
  227. de Villiers EM, Neumann C, Le J-Y, Weidauer H, Zur Hausen H (1986) Infection of the oral mucosa with defined types of human papillomaviruses. Med Microbiol Immunol 174: 287PubMedGoogle Scholar
  228. Dehner LP (1973) Tumors of the mandible and maxilla in children. I. Clinicopathologic study of 46 benign lesions. Cancer 31: 364PubMedGoogle Scholar
  229. Dehner LP (1993) Primitive neuroectodermal tumor and Ewing’s Sarcoma. Am J Surg Pathol 17: 1PubMedGoogle Scholar
  230. Delafosse C, Chevrolet J-C, Suter P, Cox JW (1988) Necrotising tracheobronchitis: a complication of high frequency jet ventilation. Vichows Arch [A] 413: 257Google Scholar
  231. Delage G, Brochu P, Pelletier M, Jasmin G, Lapointe N (1979) Giant-cell pneumonia caused by parainfluenza virus. J Pediatr 94: 426PubMedGoogle Scholar
  232. Delage G, Brochu P, Pelletier M, Jasmin G, Lapointe N (1979) Giant-cell pneumonia caused by parainfluenza virus. J Pediatr 94: 426PubMedGoogle Scholar
  233. Delarue J, Paillas J, Abelanet R, Chomette G (1959) Les bronchopneumopathies congénitales. Bronches 9: 114Google Scholar
  234. Demarquez JL, Arsene-Henry-Fizet D, Sabin JP, Allain D, Bentegeat J, Moulinier J, Martin C (1976) Alpha-1 antitrypsine et détresse respiratoire idiopathique du nouveau-né. Etude dans le sérum et dans le poumons. Arch Fr Pediatr 33: 359Google Scholar
  235. deMello DE, Chi EY, Doo E, Lagunoff D (1987) Absence of tubular myelin in lungs of infants dying with hyaline membrane disease. Am J Pathol 127: 131PubMedGoogle Scholar
  236. Demmler GJ (1991) Summary of a workshop on surveillance for congenital cytomegalovirus disease. Rev Infect Dis 13: 315PubMedGoogle Scholar
  237. Dempo K, Satoh M, Tsuji S, Mori M, Kuroki Y, Akino T (1987) Immunohistochemical studies on the expression of pulmonary surfactant apoproteins in human lung carcinomas using monoclonal antibodies. Pathol Res Pract 182: 669PubMedGoogle Scholar
  238. Denneny JC (1985) Bronchomalacia in the neonate. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 94: 466PubMedGoogle Scholar
  239. Denning DW, Stevens DA (1990) Antifungal and surgical treatment of invasive aspergillosis: review of 2121 published cases. Rev Infect Dis 12: 1147PubMedGoogle Scholar
  240. Desvignes C, Hummel J, Jamet G, Levasseur P, Rojas-Miranda A, Verley J, Merlier M (1974) Emphysème pulmonaire et atrésie bronchique. A propos de quatre observations. Ann Chir Thorac Cardiovasc 13: 135Google Scholar
  241. Deterding RR, Shimizu H, Fisher JH, Shannon JM (1994) Regulation of surfactant protein D expression by glucocorticoids in vitro and in vivo. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 10: 30PubMedGoogle Scholar
  242. Dewar A, Corrin B, Turner-Warwick M (1984) Tadpole shaped structures in a further patient with granulomatous lung disease. Thorax 39: 466PubMedGoogle Scholar
  243. Dewhurst S, McIntyre K, Schnabel K, Hall CB (1993) Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) variant B accounts for the majority of symptomatic primary HHV-6 infections in a population of US infants. J Clin Microbiol 31: 416PubMedGoogle Scholar
  244. Diaz JH (1985) Croup and epiglottitis in children: an anesthesiologist as diagnostician. Anesth Analg 64: 621PubMedGoogle Scholar
  245. Dickens P, Srivastava, G, Loke SL, Larkin S (1991) Human papillomavirus 6, 11, and 16 in laryngeal papillomas. J Pathol 165: 243PubMedGoogle Scholar
  246. DiFiore JW, Wilson JM (1995) Lung liquid, fetal lung growth, and the congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Pediatr Surg Int 10: 2Google Scholar
  247. Dilworth JA, Mandell GL (1977) Adults with chronic granulomatous disease of “childhood”. Am J Med 63: 233PubMedGoogle Scholar
  248. Dische MR, Guttenberg ME, Gordon R (1988) Case 4 malignant pleural mesothelioma in a child. Pediatr Pathol 8: 437PubMedGoogle Scholar
  249. Djukanovic R, Roche WR, Wilson JW, Beasley CRW, Twentyman OP, Howarth PH et al. (1990) Mucosal inflammation in asthma. Am Rev Respir Dis 142: 434PubMedGoogle Scholar
  250. Dobashi K, Asayama K, Hayashibe H, Munim A, Kawaoi A, Morikawa M et al. (1993) Immunohistochemical study of copper-zinc and manganese superoxide dismutases in the lungs of human fetuses and newborn infants: developmental profile and alterations in hyaline membrane disease and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Virchows Archiv A [Pathol Anat] 423: 177Google Scholar
  251. Dodd-O JM, Wieneke KF, Rosman PM (1987) Laryngeal rhabdomyosarcoma. Case report and literature review. Cancer 59: 1012Google Scholar
  252. Domizio P, Liesner RJ, Dicks-Mireaux C, Risdon RA (1990) Malignant mesenchymoma associated with a congenital lung cyst on a child: case report and review of the literature. Pediatr Pathol 10: 785PubMedGoogle Scholar
  253. Donaldson SS, Castro JR, Wilbur JR, Jesse RH Jr (1973) Rhabdomyosarcoma of head and neck in children. Combination treatment by surgery, irradiation and chemotherapy. Cancer 31: 26Google Scholar
  254. Donders GGG, Moerman P, de Wet GH, Hooft P, Goubau P (1991) The association between Chlamydia cervicitis, chorioamnionitis and neonatal complications. Arch Gynecol Obstet 249: 79Google Scholar
  255. Donegan JO, Strife JL, Seid AB, Cotton RT, Dunbar JS (1986) Internal laryngocele and saccular cysts in children. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 89: 409Google Scholar
  256. Donnelly SC, Haslett C (1992) Cellular mechanisms of acute lung injury: implications for future treatment in the adult respiratory distress syndrome. Thorax 47: 260PubMedGoogle Scholar
  257. Dounies R, Chwals WJ, Lally KP et al. (1994) Hamartomas of the chest wall in infants. Ann Thorac Surg 57: 868PubMedGoogle Scholar
  258. Downing GJ (1992) Tracheal agenesis with diaphragmatic hernia. Am J Med Genet 42: 85PubMedGoogle Scholar
  259. Drachman R, Baillet G, Gangadoux M-F, de Vemejoul PaulBroyer M (1986) Pulmonary calcifications in children on dialysis. Nephron 44: 46Google Scholar
  260. Dreisen RB (1993) New perspectives in Wegener’s granulomatosis. Thorax 48: 97Google Scholar
  261. Drobyski WR, Knox K-K, Majewski D, Carrigan DR (1994) Brief report: fatal encephalitis due to variant B human herpesvirus-6 infection in a bone marrow-transplant recipient. N Engl J Med 330: 1356PubMedGoogle Scholar
  262. Drut R, Drut RM (1988) Measles pneumonia in a newborn. Pediatr Pathol 8: 553PubMedGoogle Scholar
  263. Drut RM, Quijano G, Drut R, Las Heras J (1988) Rhabdomyomatous dysplasia of the lung. Pediatr Pathol 8: 385PubMedGoogle Scholar
  264. Dubin SB (1990) Assessment of fetal lung maturity; in search of the Holy Grail. Clin Chem 36: 1867PubMedGoogle Scholar
  265. Dunnill MS (1960) The pathology of asthma with special references to changes in the bronchial mucosa. J Clin Pathol 13: 27PubMedGoogle Scholar
  266. Dunnill MS (1990) Pulmonary fibrosis. Histopathology 16: 321PubMedGoogle Scholar
  267. Dunnill MS (1960) The pathology of asthma with special references to changes in the bronchial mucosa. J Clin Pathol 13: 27PubMedGoogle Scholar
  268. Dutau G, Rochiccioli P Petel B, Fanic H, Fabre J, Dalous A (1973) Séquestration pulmonaire de l’enfant. A propos d’une observation avec étude bronchologique, angiographique et anatomique. Ann Pediatr 20: 373Google Scholar
  269. Eavey RD (1985) Inverted papilloma of the nose and paranasal sinuses in childhood adolescence. Larynsoscope 95: 17Google Scholar
  270. Eavey RD, Nadol JB, Holmes LB, Laird NM, Lapey A, Joseph MP, Strome M (1986) Kartagener’s syndrome. A blinded, controlled study of cilia ultrastructure. Arch Otolaryngol Head neck Surg 112Google Scholar
  271. Edman JC, Kovacs, Masur H, Santi DV, Elwood HJ, Sogin ML (1988) Ribosomal RNA sequence shows Pneumocystis carinii to be a member of the fungi. Nature 334: 519PubMedGoogle Scholar
  272. Elborn JS, Shale DJ (1990) Lung injury in cystic fibrosis. Thorax 45: 970PubMedGoogle Scholar
  273. Elborn JS, Shale DJ (1990) Lung injury in cystic fibrosis. Thorax 45: 970PubMedGoogle Scholar
  274. Elrad H, Beydoun SN, Hagen JH, Cabalum MT, Aubry RH, Smith C (1978) Fetal pulmonary maturity as determined by fluorescent polarization of amniotic flud. Am J Obstet Gyencol 132: 681Google Scholar
  275. Emery JL, Dinsdale F (1974) Increased incidence of lymphoreticular aggregates in lungs of children found unexpectedly dead. Arch Dis Child 49: 107PubMedGoogle Scholar
  276. Emery JL, Haddadin AJ (1971) Squamous epithelium in respiratory tract of children with tracheo-oesophageal fistula. Arch Dis Child 46: 236PubMedGoogle Scholar
  277. Emile J-F, Wechsler J, Brousse N, Boulland ML, Cologon R, Fraitag S et al. (1995) Langerhans’ cell histiocytosis. Definitive diagnosis with the use of monoclonal antibody 010 on routinely paraffin-embedded samples. Am J Surg Pathol 19: 636PubMedGoogle Scholar
  278. Enders G, Miller E, Cradock-Watson J, Bolley I, Ridehalgh M (1994) Consequences of varicella and herpes zoster in pregnancy: prospective study of 1739 cases. Lancet 343: 1548PubMedGoogle Scholar
  279. Engellenner W, Kaplan C, van de Vegte GL (1989) Pulmonary agenesis association with nonimmune hydrops. Pediatr Pathol 9: 725Google Scholar
  280. Engzell VCG, Jones AW (1973) Rhinosporidiosis in Uganda. J Laryngol Otol 87: 795Google Scholar
  281. Epstein MA, Achong BG (1970) The fine structure of cultured Burkitt lymphoblaste of established in vitro stains. In: Burkitt DP, Wright D (eds) Burkitt’s lymphoma. Livingstone, Edinburgh, p 118Google Scholar
  282. Erickson AM, de la Monte SM, Moore GW Hutchins GM (1987) The progression of morphologic changes in bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Am J Pathol 127: 474Google Scholar
  283. Erosoz A, Soncul H, Gokgoz L, Kalaycioglu S, Tunaoglu S, Kaptanoglu M et al. (1992) Horseshoe lung with left lung hypoplasia. Thorax 47: 205Google Scholar
  284. Eschenbach DA (1993) Ureaplasma urealyticum respiratory disease in newborns. Ureaplasma urealyticum and premature birth. Clin Infect Dis 17: S100Google Scholar
  285. Esclamado RM, Richardson MA (1987) Laryngotracheal foreign bodies in children. A comparison with bronchial foreign bodies. Am J Dis Child 141: 259Google Scholar
  286. Esclamado RM, Disher MJ, Ditto JL, Rontal E, MacClatchey KD (1994) Laryngeal liposarcoma. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 120: 422PubMedGoogle Scholar
  287. Esterly JR Oppenheimer EA (1966) Massive pulmonary haemorrhage in the newborn. I. Pathologic considerations. J Pediatr 69: 3PubMedGoogle Scholar
  288. Eusebi V, Rilke F, Ceccarelli C, Fedeli F, Schiaffino S, Bussolati G (1986) Fetal heavy chain skeletal myosin. An oncofetal antigen expressed by rhabdomyosarcoma. Am J Surg Pathol 10: 680Google Scholar
  289. Ezaki T, Hashimoto Y, Yamamoto H, Lucida ML, Liu SL, Kusunoki S et al. (1990) Evaluation of the microplate hybridization method for rapid identification of Legionella species. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 9: 213PubMedGoogle Scholar
  290. Ezekowitz RAB, Mulliken JB, Folkman J (1992) Interferon a therapy for life-threatening hemangiomas of infancy. N Engl Med 326: 1456Google Scholar
  291. Ezri T, Kunichezky S, Eliraz A, Soroker D, Halperin D, Schaffner A (1994) Q J Med 87: 1PubMedGoogle Scholar
  292. Fadel HE, Saad SA, Nelson GH, Davis HC (1986) Effect of maternal—fetal disorders on lung maturation. I. Diabetes melitus. Am J Obstet Gynecol 155: 544Google Scholar
  293. Fakhoury G, Daikoku NH, Benser J, Dubin NH (1994) Lamellar body concentrations and the prediction of fetal pulmonary maturity. Am J Obstet Gynecol 170: 72PubMedGoogle Scholar
  294. Fariss MW (1990) Oxygen toxicity: unique cytoprotective properties of vitamin E succinate in hepatocytes. Free Radical Biology and Medicine 9: 333Google Scholar
  295. Farrell PM, Avery ME (1975) Hyaline membrane disease. Am Rev Respir Dis 111: 657PubMedGoogle Scholar
  296. Fassina AS, Rupolo M, Pelizzo MR, Casara D (1994) Thyroid cancer in children and adolescents. Tumori 80: 257PubMedGoogle Scholar
  297. Fedrick J, Butler NR (1970a) Certain causes of neonatal death. I. Hyaline membranes. Biol Neonate 15: 229Google Scholar
  298. Fedrick J, Butler NR (1970b) Certain causes of neonatal death. II Intraventricular haemorrhage. Biol Neonate 15: 257Google Scholar
  299. Fedrick J, Butler NR (1971b) Certain causes of neonatal death. IV. Massive pulmonary haemorrhage. Biol Neonate 18: 243Google Scholar
  300. Fellbaum Hansmann ML, Lennert K (1989) Malignant lymphomas of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. Virchows Archiv A [Patho Anat Histopathol] 414: 399Google Scholar
  301. Felson B (1972) The many faces of pulmonary sequestration. Semin Roentgenol 7: 3PubMedGoogle Scholar
  302. Fend F, Prior C, Margreiter R, Mikuz G (1990) Cytomegalovirus pneumonitis in heart—lung transplant recipients: histopathology and clinicopathologic considerations. Hum Pathol 21: 918PubMedGoogle Scholar
  303. Ferguson JL, Neel HB, III (1989) Choanal atresia; treatment trends in 47 patients over 33 years. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 98: 110PubMedGoogle Scholar
  304. Figa FH, Yoo SJ, Burrows PE, Turner-Gomes S, Freedom RM (1993) Horseshoe lung — a case report with unusual bronchial and pleural anomalies and a proposed new classification. Pediatr Radiol 23: 44PubMedGoogle Scholar
  305. Finlay-Jones JM, Papadimitriou JM, Barter RA (1973) Pulmonary hyaline membrane: light and electron microscopic study of the early stage. J Pathol 112: 117Google Scholar
  306. Finn DG, Hudson WR, Balylin G (1981) Unilateral polyposis and mucoceles in children. Laryngoscope 91: 1444PubMedGoogle Scholar
  307. Fisher M, Roggli V, Merten D, Mulvihill D, Spock A (1992) Coexisting endogenous lipoid pneumonia, cholesterol granulomas and pulmonary alvelar proteinosis in a pediatric population. Pediatr Pathol 12: 365PubMedGoogle Scholar
  308. Fishman AP (1978) UIP, DIP and all that. N Engl J Med 298: 843 Forrest JB, Rossman CM, Newhouse MT, Ruffin R (1979) Activation of nasal cilia in immotile cilia syndrome. Am Re Resp Dis 120: 511Google Scholar
  309. Foster MJ, Caldwell AP, Staheli J, Smith DH, Gardner JS, Seegmiller RE (1994) Pulmonary hypoplasia associated with reduced thoracic space in mice with disproportionate micromelia ( DMM ). Anat Rec 228: 454Google Scholar
  310. Foucar E, Rosai J, Dorfman R (1990) Sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy (Rosai—Dorfman disease): review of the entity. Semin Diagn Pathol 7: 19PubMedGoogle Scholar
  311. Foucar K, Foucar E (1990) The mononuclear phagocyte and immunoregulatory effector ( M-PIRE) system concepts. Semin Diagn Pathol 7: 4Google Scholar
  312. Fowler KB, Stagno S, Pass R-F, Britt WJ, Boll TJ, Alford CA (1992) The outcome of congenital cytomegalovirus infection in relation to maternal antibody status. N Engl J Med 326: 663PubMedGoogle Scholar
  313. Fox H, Cocker J (1964) Laryngeal atresia. Arch Dis Child 39: 641PubMedGoogle Scholar
  314. Foy HM (1993) Infections caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae and possible carrier state in different populations of patients. Clin Infect Dis 17: S37PubMedGoogle Scholar
  315. Foy HM, Cooney MK, Allan I, Kenny GE (1979) Rates of pneumonia during influenza epidemics in Seattle, 1964 to 1975. JAMA 241: 253PubMedGoogle Scholar
  316. Franciosi RA, Knostman JD, Zimmerman RA (1973) Group B streptococcal neonatal and infant infections. J Pediatr 82: 707PubMedGoogle Scholar
  317. Frank L, Sosenko IRS (1988) Undemutrition as a major contributing factor in the pathogenesis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Am Rev Respir Dis 138: 725PubMedGoogle Scholar
  318. Frenkel LM, Nielsen K, Garakian A, Cherry JD (1994) A search for peristent measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine virus in children with human immunodeficiency virus type I infection. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 148: 57PubMedGoogle Scholar
  319. Frierson HF, Mills SE, Fechner RE, Taxy JB, Levine PA (1986) Sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma. An aggressive neoplasm derived from Schneiderian epithelium and distinct from olfactory neuroblastoma. Am J Surg Pathol 10: 771Google Scholar
  320. Frugoni P, Ferlito A (1976) Pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma of the larynx. A case report and review of the literature. J Laryngol 90: 687Google Scholar
  321. Fu YS, Perzin KH (1974a) Non-epithelial tumors of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses and nasophrynx: a clinicopathologic study. I. General features and vascular tumors. Cancer 33: 1275Google Scholar
  322. Fu YS, Perzin KH (1974b) Non-epithelial tumors of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses and nasopharynx: a clinicopathologic study. II. Osseous and fibro-osseous lesions, including osteoma, giant cell tumor and osteoblastoma. Cancer 33: 1289Google Scholar
  323. Fu YS, Perzin KH (1974c) Non-epithelial tumors of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses and nasopharynx: a clinicopathologic study. III. Cartilaginous tumors (chondroma, chondrosarcoma). Cancer 34: 453Google Scholar
  324. Fu YS, Perzin KH (1975) Non-epithelial tumors of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses and nasopharynx: a clinocopathologic study. IV. Smooth muscle tumors (leiomyoma, leiomyosarcoma). Cancer 35: 1300Google Scholar
  325. Fu YS, Perzin KH (1976a) Non-epithelial tumors of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses and nasopharynx: a clinocopathologic study. V. Skeletal muscle tumors (thabdomyoma and rhabdomyosarcoma). Cancer 37: 364Google Scholar
  326. Fu YS, Perzin KH (1976b) Non-epithelial tumors of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses and nasopharynx: a clinicopathologic study. VI. Fibrous tissue tumors (fibroma, fibromatosis, fibrosarcoma). Cancer 37: 2912Google Scholar
  327. Fu YS, Perzin KH (1977) Non-epithelial tumors of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses and nasopharynx: a clinocopathologic study. VII. Myxomas. Cancer 39: 195Google Scholar
  328. Fu YS, Perzin KH (1979) Non-epithelial tumors of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses and nasopharynx: a clinicopathologic study. X. Malignant lymphomas. Cancer 43: 611Google Scholar
  329. Fujimura M, Takeuchi T, Kitajima H, Nakayama M (1989) Chorioamnionitis and serum IgM in Wilson—Mikity syndrome. Arch Dis Child 64: 1379PubMedGoogle Scholar
  330. Fukuda Y, Ferrans VJ, Schoenberger CI, Rennard SI, Crystal RG (1985) Patterns of pulmonary structural remodelling after experimental paraquat toxicity. The morphogenesis of intraalveolar fibrosis. Am J Pathol 118: 452Google Scholar
  331. Fukuda Y, Kawamoto M, Yamamoto A, Ishizaki M, Basset F, Masugi Y (1990) Role of elastic fiber degradation in emphy sema-like lesions of pulmonary lymphangiomyomatosis. Hum Pathol 21: 1252PubMedGoogle Scholar
  332. Fukuda T, Ohnishi Y, Kanai I, Watanabe T, Kitazawa M, Okamura A, et al. (1992) Papillary adenoma of the lung. Histological and ultrastructural findings in two cases. Acta Pathol Jpn 42: 56Google Scholar
  333. Fuller CM, Howard MB, Bedwell DM, Frizzell RA, Benos DJ (1992) Antibodies against the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator. Am J Physiol 262: C396PubMedGoogle Scholar
  334. Furukawa T, Jisaki F, Sakamuro D, Takegami T, Murayama T (1994) Detection of human cytomegalovirus genomein uterus tissue. Arch Virol 135: 265PubMedGoogle Scholar
  335. Gal AA, Brooks SJ, Pietra GG (1989) Leiomyomatous neoplasms of the lung: a clinical, histologic, and immunohistochemical study. Mod Pathol 2: 209PubMedGoogle Scholar
  336. Gaillard D, Ruocco S, Lallemand A, Dalemans W, Hinnrasky J, Puchelle E (1994) Immunohistochemical localization of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator in human fetal airway and digestive mucosa. Pediatr Res 36: 137PubMedGoogle Scholar
  337. Galliani CA, Beatty JF, Grosfeld JL (1992) Cavernous hemangioma of the lung in an infant. Pediatr Pathol 12: 105PubMedGoogle Scholar
  338. Gandy G, Jacobson W, Gairdner D (1970) Hyaline membrane disease. I. Arch Dis Child 45: 241Google Scholar
  339. Garaventa A, Porta F, Rondelli R, Dini G, Meloni G, Bonetti F, et al. (1992) Early deaths in children after BMT Bone Marrow Transplant 10: 419Google Scholar
  340. Garcia LW, Hemphil RB, Marasco WA, Ciano PS (1991) Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome with disseminated toxoplasmosis presenting as an acute pulmonary and gastrointestinal illness. Arch Pathol Lab Med 115: 459PubMedGoogle Scholar
  341. Gardner PS, Court SDM, Brocklebank JT, Downham MAPS, Weightman D (1973) Virus gross-infection in paediatric wards. Br Med J 11: 571Google Scholar
  342. Gay BB Jr, Bonmati J (1954) Primary neurogenic tumors of the lung and interlobar fissures: a review of clinical and radiologic findings in reported cases with addition of two new cases. Radiology 63: 43PubMedGoogle Scholar
  343. Gay I, Feinmesser R, Cohen T (1981) Laryngeal web, congenital heart disease and low stature. Arch Otolaryngol 107: 510PubMedGoogle Scholar
  344. Geary WA, Mills SE, Frierson HF Jr, Pope TL (1991) Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma in childhood with long-term survival. Am J Clin Pathol 95: 493PubMedGoogle Scholar
  345. Gebauer PW, Mason CB (1959) Intralobar pulmonary sequestration associated with anomalous pulmonary vessels: a non entity. Dis Chest 35: 282PubMedGoogle Scholar
  346. Genin C, Touraine JL, Berger F, Bryon PA, Valancogne A, Philippe N, Monnet P (1977) BCGite généralisée dans un déficit immunitaire mixte et grave: évolution défavorable malgré une tentative de greffe de moelle osseuse. Arch Fr Pediatr 34: 639PubMedGoogle Scholar
  347. George DK, Cooney TP, Chiu BK, Thurlbeck WM (1987) Hypoplasia and immaturity of the terminal lung unit (acinus) in congenital diaphragmatic hernia 1–3. Am Rev Respir Dis 138: 947Google Scholar
  348. Gerami S, Richardson R, Harrington B, Pate JW (1969) Obstructive emphysema due to bronchogenic cysts in infancy. J Thrac Cardiovasc Surg 58: 432Google Scholar
  349. Gerle RD, Jaretzki A III, Ashley A, Berne A S (1968) Congenital broncho-pulmonary foregut malformation. N Engl J Med 278: 1413PubMedGoogle Scholar
  350. Gervaix A, Suter S (1991) Epidemiology of invasive Haemophilus influenza type b infections in Geneva, Switzerland, 1976–1989. Pediatr Infect Dis J 10: 370PubMedGoogle Scholar
  351. Ghadially FN, Murphy F, Lalonde JMA (1984) Diagnosis of pulmonary talcosis by electron-probe X-ray analysis. J Submicrosc Cytol 16: 773PubMedGoogle Scholar
  352. Gibbs RS, Mead PB (1992) Preventing neonatal herpes — current strategies. N Engl J Med 326: 946PubMedGoogle Scholar
  353. Giffin F, Greenough A, Yuksel B (1994) Prediction of respiratory morbidity in the third year of life in children born prematurely. Acta Paediatr 83: 157PubMedGoogle Scholar
  354. Gifford GH Jr, Swanson L, MacCollum DW (1972) Congenital absence of the nose and anterior nasopharynx. Report of two cases. Plast Reconstr Surg 50: 5Google Scholar
  355. Gilbert JG, Mazzarella LA, Feit LJ (1953) Primary tracheal tumors in the infant and adult. Arch Otolaryngol 58: 1Google Scholar
  356. Gillan JE, Cutz E (1993) Abnormal pulmonary bombesin immunoreactive cells in Wilson—Mikity syndrome (pulmonary dysmaturity) and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Pediatr Pathol 13: 165PubMedGoogle Scholar
  357. Gilmore LB, Talley FA, Hook GER (1988) Classification and morphometric quantitation of insoluble materials from the lungs of patients with alveolar proteinosis. Am J Pathol 133: 252PubMedGoogle Scholar
  358. Gindhart TD, Johnston WH, Chism SE, Dedo HH (1980) Carcinoma of the larynx in childhood. Cancer 46: 1683PubMedGoogle Scholar
  359. Gitlin D, Craig JM (1956) The nature of the hyaline membrane in asphyxia of the newborn. Pediatrics 17: 64PubMedGoogle Scholar
  360. Goerdt S, Kolde G, Bonsmann G, Hamann K, Czarnetzki B, Andreseen R, et al. (1993) Immunohistochemical comparison of cutaneous histiocytoses and related skin disorders: diagnostic and histogenetic relevance of MS-1 high molecular weight protein expression. J Pathol 170: 421PubMedGoogle Scholar
  361. Goldberg NS, Bauer BS, Kraus H, Crussi FG, Esterly NB (1988) Infantile myofibromatosis: a review of clinicopathology with perspective on new treatment choices. Pediatr Dermatol 5: 37PubMedGoogle Scholar
  362. Gonzalez OR, Gonzalez-Gomez I, Recalde AL, Landing BL (1991) Postnatal development of the cystic lung lesion of Down’s syndrome: suggestion that the cause is reduced formation of peripheral air spaces. Pediatr Pathol 11: 623PubMedGoogle Scholar
  363. Gonzalez-Crussi F, Boggs JD, Raffensperger JG (1980) Brain heterotopia in the lungs. A rare cause of respiratory distress in the newborn. Am J Clin Pathol 73: 281Google Scholar
  364. Gonzalez-Crussi F, Boggs JD, Raffensperger JG (1980) Brain heterotopia in the lungs. A rare cause of respiratory distress in the newborn. Am J Clin Pathol 73: 281Google Scholar
  365. Gorelick MH, Baker MD (1994) Epiglottitis in children, 1979 through 1992. Effects of Haemophilus influenzae type b immunization. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 148: 47PubMedGoogle Scholar
  366. Gorelkin L, Chandler FW Ewing EP (1986) Staining qualities of cytomegalovirus inclusions in the lungs of patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: a potential source of diagnostic misinterpretation. Hum Pathol 17: 926PubMedGoogle Scholar
  367. Gorenflo M, Vogel M, Obladen M (1991) Pulmonary vascular changes in bronchopulmonary dysplasia a clinicopathologic correlation in short-and long-term survivors. Pediatr Pathol 11: 851PubMedGoogle Scholar
  368. Gorenstein A, Neel HB, Weiland LH, Devine KD (1980a) Sarcomas of the larynx. Arch Otolaryngol 106: 8PubMedGoogle Scholar
  369. Gortner L, Pohlandt F, Bartmann P, Bernsau U, Proz F, Hellwege H-H et al. (1994) High-dose versus low-dose bovine surfactant treatment in very premature infants. Acta Paediatr 83: 135PubMedGoogle Scholar
  370. Gotti G, Haid MM, Paladini P, Di Bisceglie M, Volterrani L, Sforza V (1993) Pedunculated pulmonary leiomyoma with large cyst formation. Ann Thorac Surg 56: 1178PubMedGoogle Scholar
  371. Gould SJ, Isaacson PG (1993) Bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue ( BALT) in human fetal and infant lung. J Pathol 169: 229Google Scholar
  372. Gowdar K, Bull MJ, Schreiner RL, Lemons JA, Gresham EL (1980) Nasal deformities in neonates. Their occurrence in those treated with nasal continuous positive airway pressure and nasal endotracheal tubes. Am J Dis Child 14: 954Google Scholar
  373. Gowdar K, Bull MJ, Schreiner RL, Lemons JA, Gresham EL (1980) Nasal deformities in neonates. Their occurrence in those treated with nasal continuous positive airway pressure and nasal endotracheal tubes. Am J Dis Child 14: 954Google Scholar
  374. Grans SL, Potts WJ (1951) Anomalous lobe of lung arising from the esophagus. J Thorac Surg 21: 313Google Scholar
  375. Grayston JT, Campbell LA, Kuo C-C, Mordhorst CH, Saikku P, Thom DH et al. (1990) A new respiratory tract pathogen: Chlamydia pneumoniae strain TWAR J Infect Dis 161: 618Google Scholar
  376. Green WR, Williams AW (1989) Neonatal adenovirus pneumonia. Arch Pathol Lab Med 113: 190PubMedGoogle Scholar
  377. Greene R, Stark P (1978) Trauma of the larynx and trachea. Radiol Clin North Am 16: 309PubMedGoogle Scholar
  378. Green WR, Williams AW (1989) Neonatal adenovirus pneumonia. Arch Pathol Lab Med 113: 190PubMedGoogle Scholar
  379. Griffiths PD, Grundy JE (1987) Molecular biology and immunology of cytomegalovirus. Biochem J 241: 313PubMedGoogle Scholar
  380. Grigg J, Amon S Chase A, Silverman M (1993) Inflammatory cells in the lungs of premature infants on the first day of life: perinatal risk factors and origin of cells. Arch Dis Child 69: 40PubMedGoogle Scholar
  381. Groneck P, Götze-Speer B, Oppermann M, Eiffert H, Speer CP (1994) Association of pulmonary inflammation and increased microvascular permeability during the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia: a sequential analysis of inflammatory mediators in respiratory fluids of high-risk preterm neonates. Pediatrics 93: 712PubMedGoogle Scholar
  382. Groothuis JR, Gutierrez KM, Lauer BA (1988) Respiratory syncytial virus infection in children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Pediatrics 82: 199PubMedGoogle Scholar
  383. Groothuis JR, Simoes EAF, Hemming VG and the Respiratory Syncytial Virus Immune Globulin Study Group (1995) Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in preterm infants and the protective effects of RSV immune globulin ( RSVIG ). Pediatrics 95: 463Google Scholar
  384. Groussard O (1993) Le rejet pulmonaire au cours des transplantations pulmonaires et cardiopulmonaires. Ann Pathol 13: 8PubMedGoogle Scholar
  385. Grundfast KM, Mumtaz A, Kanter R, Pollack M (1981) Tracheomalacia in an infant with multiplex congenital ( Larsen’s) syndrome. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 90: 303Google Scholar
  386. Grundy GW, Miller RW (1972) Malignant mesothelioma in childhood. Report of 13 cases. Cancer 30: 1216PubMedGoogle Scholar
  387. Grunow WA, Esterly JR (1972) Rheumatic pneumonitis. Chest 61: 298PubMedGoogle Scholar
  388. Gucalp R, Ciobanu N, Sparano J, Motyl M, Carlisle P, Wiernik PH (1991) Disseminated aspergillosis after fungemia in a patient with extragonadal germ cell tumor undergoing autologous bone marrow transplantation. Cancer 68: 1842PubMedGoogle Scholar
  389. Guillou L, Gloor E, Anani PA, Kaelin R (1991) Bronchial Granular-cell tumor. Report of a case with preoperative cytologic diagnosis on bronchial brushings and immunohistochemical studies. Acta Cytol 35: 375Google Scholar
  390. Guinee Jr DG, Thornberry DS, Azumi N, Przygodzki RM, Koss MN, Travis WD (1995) Unique pulmonary presentation of an angiomyolipoma. Analysis of clinical, radiographic, and histopathologic features. Am J Surg Pathol 19: 476Google Scholar
  391. Gustafson TL, Lievens AW, Brunell PA, Moellenberg RG, Buttery CMG, Schulster LM (1987) Measles outbreak in a fully immunized secondary-school population. N Engl J Med 316: 771PubMedGoogle Scholar
  392. Gustafsson PM, Fransson SG, Kjellman N-IM, Tibbling L (1991) Gastro-oesophageal reflux and severity of pulmonary disease in cystic fibrosis. Scand J Gastroenterol 26: 449PubMedGoogle Scholar
  393. Ha SY, Helms P, Fletcher M, Broadbent V, Pritchard J (1992) Lung involvement in Langerhans’ cell histiocytosis: prevalence, clinical features, and outcome. Pediatrics 89: 466PubMedGoogle Scholar
  394. Haas JE, Yunis EJ, Totten RS (1972) Ultrastructure of a sclerosing hemangioma of the lung. Cancer 30: 512PubMedGoogle Scholar
  395. Hachitanda Y, Aoyoma C, Sato JK, Shimaa H (1993) Pleuropulmonary blastoma in childhood. A tumor of divergent differentiation. Am J Surg Pathol 17: 382Google Scholar
  396. Hagwood S, Latham D, Borchelt J et al. (1993) Cell-specific post-translational processing of the surfactant-associated protein SP-B. Am J Physiol 264: L290Google Scholar
  397. Haidar A, Ryder TA, Wigglesworth JS (1991) Epithelial cell morphology and airspace size in hypoplastic human fetal lungs associated with oligohydramnios. Pediatr Pathol 11: 839PubMedGoogle Scholar
  398. Halablab MA, Richards L, Bazin MJ (1990) Phagocytosis of Legionella pneumophila. J Med Microbiol 33: 75PubMedGoogle Scholar
  399. Hällgren R, Bjermer L, Lundgren R, Venge P (1989) The eosinophil component of the alveolitis in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Am Rev Respir Dis 139: 373PubMedGoogle Scholar
  400. Hallman M, Ajorma P, Hoppu K, Teramo K, Akino T (1989) Surfactant proteins in the diagnosis of fetal lung maturity. II. The 35 kd protein and phospholipids in complicated pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 161: 965PubMedGoogle Scholar
  401. Hancock BJ, Di-Lorenzo M, Youssef S, Yazbeck S, Marcotte JE, Collin PP (1993) Childhood primary pulmonary neoplasms. J Pediatr Surg 28: 1133PubMedGoogle Scholar
  402. Hanimann B, Morger R, Baerlocher K, Brunner CH, Giver T, Schopfer K (1987) BCG — Osteitis in der Schweiz. Schweiz Med Wochenschr 117: 193PubMedGoogle Scholar
  403. Hardy KA, Schidlow DV, Zaieri N (1988) Obliterative bronchiolitis in children. Chest 93: 460PubMedGoogle Scholar
  404. Harrington RD, Hooton TM, Hackman RC, Storch GA, Osborne B, Gleaves CA et al. (1992) An outbreak of respiratory syncytial virus in a bone marrow transplant center. J Infect Dis 165: 987PubMedGoogle Scholar
  405. Harrity P, Gibert-Barness E, Cabalka A, Hong R, Zimmerman J (1991) Isolated pulmonary Goodpasture sydrome. Pediatr Pathol 11: 635PubMedGoogle Scholar
  406. Hartman GE, Shochat SJ (1983) Primary pulmonary neoplasma of childhood: a review. Ann Thorac Surg 36: 108PubMedGoogle Scholar
  407. Hassam S, Briner J, Tratschin JD, Siegel G, Heitz PU (1990) In situ hybridization for the detection of human parvovirus B19 nucleic acid sequences in paraffin-embedded specimens. Virchows Archiv B [Cell Pathol] 59: 257Google Scholar
  408. Hassberg D, Steil E, Sieverding L, Rosendahl W (1992) Combination of scimitar syndrome and horseshoe lung. A rare but typical finding. Case report and review of the literature. Klin Pädiatr 204: 434Google Scholar
  409. Hawass ND, Badawi MG, al-Muzrakchi AM, al-Sammarai AI, Jawad AJ, Abdullah MA et al. (1990) Horseshoe lung: differential diagnosis. Pediatr Radiol 20: 580PubMedGoogle Scholar
  410. Haver KE, Mark EJ (1994) Inflammatory pseudotumour. Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital. N Engl Med 330: 1439Google Scholar
  411. Hawgood S, Clements JA (1990) Pulmonary surfactant and its apoproteins. J Clin Invest 86: 1PubMedGoogle Scholar
  412. Hawgood S, Latham D, Borchelt J, Damm D, White T, Benson B, Wright JR (1993) Cell-specific posttranslational processing of the surfactant-associated protein SP-B. Amer J Physiol 264: L290PubMedGoogle Scholar
  413. Haworth SG (1987) Understanding pulmonary vascular disease in young children. Int J Cardiol 15: 101Google Scholar
  414. Haworth SG (1993) Pulmonary hypertension in childhood. Eur Respir J 6: 1037PubMedGoogle Scholar
  415. Hayes MMM, van der Westhuizen N, Holden GP (1993) Aggressive glomus tumor of the nasal region. Report of a case with multiple local recurrences. Arch Pathol Lab Med 117: 649Google Scholar
  416. Hüllgren R, Bjermer L, Lundgren R, Venge P (1989) The eosinophil component of the alveolitis in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Am Rev Respir Dis 139: 373Google Scholar
  417. Healy GB, Holtand GP, Tucker JA (1976) Bifid epiglottis: a rare laryngeal anomaly. Laryngoscope 86: 1459PubMedGoogle Scholar
  418. Heckman CJ, Truong LD, Cagle PT, Font RL (1988) Pulmonary blastoma with rhabdomyosarcomatous differentiation: an electron microscopic and immunohistochemical study. Am J Surg Pathol 12: 35PubMedGoogle Scholar
  419. Heffelfinger MJ, Dahlin DC, MacCarty CS, Beabout JW (1973) Chordomas and cartilaginous tumors at the skull base. Cancer 32: 410PubMedGoogle Scholar
  420. Hegg CA, Flint A, Singh G (1992) Papillary adenoma of the lung. Am J Clin Pathol 97: 383Google Scholar
  421. Heifetz SA, Collins B, Matt BH (1992) Pleomorphic adenoma (benign mixed tumor) of the trachea. Pediatr Pathol 12: 563PubMedGoogle Scholar
  422. Heij HA, Vos A, de Kraker J, Voute PA (1994) Pronostic factors in surgery for pulmonary metastases in children. Surgery 115: 687Google Scholar
  423. Heitmiller RF, Mathisen DJ, Ferry JA, Mark EJ, Grillo HC (1989) Mucoepidermoid lung tumors. Ann Thorac Surg 47: 394PubMedGoogle Scholar
  424. Helin I, Jodal U (1981) A syndrome of congenital hypoplasia of the alae nasi, situs inversus, and severe hypoproteinemia in two siblings. J Pediatr 99: 932PubMedGoogle Scholar
  425. Henderson R, Hislop A, Reid L (1971) New pathological findings in emphysema of childhood. III. Unilateral congenital emphysema with hypoplasia and compensatory emphysema of contralateral lung. Thorax 26: 195Google Scholar
  426. Heritage CK, Cunningham MD (1985) Association of elective repeat cesarean delivery and persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. Am J Obstet Gynecol 152: 627PubMedGoogle Scholar
  427. Herrmann B, Salih MAM, Yousif BE, Abdelwahab O, Mardh P-A (1994) Chlamydial etiology of acute lower respiratory tract infections in children in the Sudan. Acta Paediatr 83: 169PubMedGoogle Scholar
  428. Hers JFP, Mulder J (1961) Broad aspects of the pathology and pathogenesis of human influenza. Am Rev Respir Dis 83: 84PubMedGoogle Scholar
  429. Herxheimer G (1901) Ueber einen Fall von echter Nebenlunge. Zentralbl Allg Pathol 12: 529Google Scholar
  430. Hewitt CJ, Hull D, Keeling JW (1977) Fibrosing alveolitis in infants and childhood. Arch Dis Child 52: 22PubMedGoogle Scholar
  431. Heydanus R, Stewart PA, Wladimiroff JW, Los F (1993) Prenatal diagnosis of congenital cystic adenomatoid lung malformation: a report of seven cases. Prenat Diagn 13: 65PubMedGoogle Scholar
  432. Hicks JL, Nelson JF (1973) Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma. Oral Surg 35: 807PubMedGoogle Scholar
  433. Hidalgo HA, Helmke RJ, German VF, Mangos JA (1992) Pneumocystis carinii induces an oxidative burst in alveolar macrophages. Infect Immun 60: 1PubMedGoogle Scholar
  434. Hill GS, Egglston JC (1972) Electron microscopic study of so- called pulmonary sclerosing hemangioma. Cancer 30: 1092PubMedGoogle Scholar
  435. Hirai KI, Witschi H, Coté MG (1985) Mitochondrial injury of pulmonary alveolar epithelial cells in acute paraquat intoxication. Exp Mol Pathol 43: 242PubMedGoogle Scholar
  436. Hislop A, Reid L (1970) New pathological findings in emphysema of childhood. I. Polyalveolar lobe with emphysema. Thorax 25: 682Google Scholar
  437. Hislop A, Reid L (1971) New pathological findings in emphysema of childhood. II. Overinflation of a normal lobe. Thorax 26: 190Google Scholar
  438. Hislop A, Hey E, Reid L (1979) The lungs in congenital bilateral renal agenesis and dysplasia. Arch Dis Child 54: 32PubMedGoogle Scholar
  439. Ho KL (1980) Primary meningioma of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. Cancer 46: 1442PubMedGoogle Scholar
  440. Ho K-L, Rassekh ZS (1980) Rhabdomyosarcoma of the trachea: first reported case. Hum Pathol 11: 572PubMedGoogle Scholar
  441. Hoffer ME, Tom LWC, Wetmore RF, Handler SD, Potsic EP (1994) Congenital tracheal stenosis. The otolaryngologist’s persepctive. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 120: 449Google Scholar
  442. Hoffman GS, Kerr GS, Leavitt RS, Hallahan CW, Lebovics RS, Travis WD et al. (1992) Wegener granulomatosis: an analysis of 158 patients. Ann Intern Med 116: 488PubMedGoogle Scholar
  443. Hoggs JC, Irving WL, Porter H, Evans M, Dunnill MS, Fleming K (1989) In situ hybridization studies of adenoviral infections of the lung and their relationship to follicular bronchiectasis. Am Rev Respir Dis 139: 1531Google Scholar
  444. Hohbach C, Mootz W (1978) Chemodectoma of the larynx. A clinicopathological study. Virchows Arch [Pathol Anat] 378: 161Google Scholar
  445. Hoggs JC, Irving WL, Porter H, Evans M, Dunnill MS, Fleming K (1989) In situ hybridization studies of adenoviral infections of the lung and their relationship to follicular bronchiectasis. Am Rev Respir Dis 139: 1531Google Scholar
  446. Holden MP Wooler GH (1970) Tracheo—oesophageal fistula and oesophageal atresia; results of 30 years’ experience. Thorax 25: 406PubMedGoogle Scholar
  447. Holdswroth Mayer CM, Favara BE, Holton CP, Rainer WG (1974) Malignant mesenchymoma in infants. Am J Dis Child 128: 847PubMedGoogle Scholar
  448. Holinger LD, Tansek KM, Tucker GF (1985) Cleft laryx with airway obstruction. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 94: 622PubMedGoogle Scholar
  449. Holland HK, Wingard JR, Saral R (1990) Herpesvirus and enteric viral infections in bone marrow transplantation. Clinical presentations, pathogenesis, and therapeutic strategies. Cancer Invest 8: 509Google Scholar
  450. Holinger LD, Tansek KM, Tucker GF (1985) Cleft laryx with airway obstruction. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 94: 622PubMedGoogle Scholar
  451. Holt PG (1993) Development of bronchus associated lymphoid tissue (BALT) in human lung disease: a normal host defence mechanism awaiting therapeutic exploitation? Thorax 48: 1097PubMedGoogle Scholar
  452. Holt S, Deverall PB, Boddy JE (1978) A teratoma of the lung containing thymic tissue. J Pathol 126: 85PubMedGoogle Scholar
  453. Horovitz AG, Khalail KG, Verani RR, Guthrie AM, Cowan DF (1983) Primary intratracheal neurilemoma. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 85: 313PubMedGoogle Scholar
  454. Hoshaw JW, Walike TC (1971) Dermoid cysts of the nose. Arch Otolaryngol 93: 487PubMedGoogle Scholar
  455. Huang L-M, Lee C-Y, Chang M-H, Wang J-D, Hsu C-Y (1993) Primary infection of Epstein—Barr virus, cytomegalovirus, and human herpesvirus-6. Arch Dis Child 68: 408PubMedGoogle Scholar
  456. Husain AN, Hessel G (1993) Neonatal pulmonary hypoplasia: an autopsy study of 25 cases. Pediatr Pathol 13: 475PubMedGoogle Scholar
  457. Hwang WS, Trevenen CL, McMillan DD, Garvey P (1988) The histopathology of the upper airway in the neonate following mechanical ventilation. J Pathol 156: 189PubMedGoogle Scholar
  458. Hyde SR, Giacoia GP (1993) Congenital herpes infection: placental and umbilical cord findings. Obstet Gynecol 81: 852PubMedGoogle Scholar
  459. Ishida T, Yano T, Sugimachi K (1990) Clinical applications of the pathological properties of small cell carcinoma, large cell carcinoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lung. Semin Surg Oncol 6: 53PubMedGoogle Scholar
  460. Ishii Y, Yamanaka N, Ogawa K, Yoshida Y, Takami T, Matsuura A, Isago H, Kataura A, Kikuchi K (1982) Nasal T-cell lymphoma as a type of so-called “lethal midline granuloma”. Cancer 50: 2336PubMedGoogle Scholar
  461. Itoh K, Aihara H, Takada S, Nishino M, Lee Y, Negishi H et al. (1990) Clinicopathological differences between early-onset and late-onset sepsis and pneumonia in very low birth weight infants. Pediatr Pathol 10: 757PubMedGoogle Scholar
  462. Iwa T, Watanabe Y (1979) Unusual combination of pulmonary sequestration and funnel chest. Chest 76: 314PubMedGoogle Scholar
  463. Jaarsma AS, Tamminga RYJ, de Langen ZJ, van der Laan T, Nikkels PGJ, Kimpen JLL (1994) Neonatal teratoma presenting as hygroma colli. Eur J Pediatr 153: 276Google Scholar
  464. Jacobson JD, Troug WE, Benjamin DR (1993) Increased expression of human leukocyte antigen-DR on pulmonary macrophages in bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Pediatr Res 34: 341PubMedGoogle Scholar
  465. Jafek BW, Stern FA (1973) Neurofibroma of the larynx occurring with venereal disease: report of a case. Arch Otolaryngol 98: 77PubMedGoogle Scholar
  466. Jaffé BF (1973a) Pediatric head and neck tumors: a study of 178 cases. Laryngoscope 83: 1644PubMedGoogle Scholar
  467. Jaffé BF (1973b) Unusual laryngeal problems in children. Ann Otol 82: 637Google Scholar
  468. Jamjoom GA, al-Semrani AM, Board A, al-Frayh AR, Artz F, al-Mobaireek KF (1993) Respiratory syncytial virus infection in young children hospitalized with respiratory illness in Riyadh. J Trop Pediatr 39: 346Google Scholar
  469. Janson C, Björnsson E, Hetta J, Boman G (1994) Anxiety and depression in relation to respiratory symptoms and asthma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 149: 930PubMedGoogle Scholar
  470. Jaubert de Beaujeu M, Mollard P, Campo-Paysan A (1970) Aspects particuliers des séquestrations pulmonaires. Chir Thorac Cardiovasc 9: 515Google Scholar
  471. Jaubert de Beaujeum M, Chavrier Y, Korkmaz G (1973) Séquestrations pulmonaires chez l’enfant. Réflexions à propos de 10 observations. Ann Chir Infant 14: 341Google Scholar
  472. Jederlinic PJ, Sicilian L, Gaensler EA (1988) Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia. A report of 19 cases and a review of the literature. Medecine 67: 154Google Scholar
  473. Jederling PJ Sicilian LS, Baigelman W, Gaensler EA (1986) Congenital bronchial atresia. A report of 4 cases and a review of the literature. Medicine 65: 73Google Scholar
  474. Jeffery PK (1991) Morphology of the airway wall in asthma and in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am Rev Respir Dis 140: 1745Google Scholar
  475. Jeffrey PK, Wardlaw AJ, Nelson FC, Collins JV, Kay AB (1989) Bronchial biopsies in asthma. An ultrastructural, quantitative study and correlation with hyperreactivity. Am Rev Respir Dis 140: 1745Google Scholar
  476. Jennings TA, Sabetta J, Duray PH, Enzinger FM, Collins S (1984) Infantile myofibromatosis. Evidence for an autosomal-dominant disorder. Am J Surg Pathol 8: 529Google Scholar
  477. Jessee WF, Ryan JM, Fitzgerald JF, Grosfeld JL (1975) Amebic abscess in childhood. Clin Pediatr 14: 134Google Scholar
  478. Jimenez JF, Uthman EO, Townsend JW, Gloster ES, Seibert JJ (1986) Primary bronchopulmonary leiomyosarcoma in childhood. Arch Pathol Lab Med 110: 348PubMedGoogle Scholar
  479. Jobe AH, Mitchell BR, Gunkel JH (1993) Beneficial effects of the combined use of prenatal corticosteroids and postnatal surfactant on preterm infants. Am J Obstet Gynecol 168: 508PubMedGoogle Scholar
  480. Jochelson M, Tarbell NJ, Freedman AS, Rabinowe SN, Takvorian T, Soiffer R et al. (1990) Acute and chronic pulmonary complications following autologous bone marrow transplantation in non-Hodgkin’ s lymphoma. Bone Marrow Transplant 6: 329PubMedGoogle Scholar
  481. Johanson A, Blizzard R (1971) A syndrome of congenital aplasia of the alae nasi, deafness, hypothyroidism, dwarfism, absent permanent teeth and malabsorption. J Pediatr 79: 982PubMedGoogle Scholar
  482. Johnston RB Jr (1991) Pathogenesis of pneumococcal pneumonia. Rev Infect Dis 13: S509PubMedGoogle Scholar
  483. Jones DG, Gabriel CE (1969) The incidence of carcinoma of the larynx in persons under twenty years of age. Laryngoscope 70: 251Google Scholar
  484. Jones MJ, Kolb M, Votava H, Johnson RL, Smith TF ( 1980 Intrauterine echovirus type II infection. Mayo Clin Proc 55: 509PubMedGoogle Scholar
  485. Jones GC, De Santo LW, Bremer JW, Neel HB (1986) Juvenile angiofibromas. Behavior and treatment of extensive and residual tumors. Arch Otolaryngol 112: 1191Google Scholar
  486. Joshi VV, Escobar MR, Stewart L, Bates RD (1973) Fatal influenza A2 viral pneumonia in a newborn infant. Am J Dis Child 126: 839PubMedGoogle Scholar
  487. Joyce-Brady MF, Brody JS (1990) Ontogeny of pulmonary alveolar epithelial markers of differentiation. Dev Biol 137: 331PubMedGoogle Scholar
  488. Kahn T, Schwarz E, Zur Hausen H (1986) Moleclar cloning and chacterization of the DNA of a new human papillomavirus (HPV 30) from a laryngeal carcinoma. Int J Cancer 37: 61PubMedGoogle Scholar
  489. Kanbour AI, Barmada MA, Klionsky B, Moossy J (1979) Anencephaly and heterotopic central nervous tissue in lungs. Arch Pathol Lab Med 103: 116PubMedGoogle Scholar
  490. Kanto WP Jr (1994) A decade of experience with neonatal extracoporeal membrane oxygenation. J Pediatr 124: 335PubMedGoogle Scholar
  491. Kaplan SL, Gnepp DR, Katzenstein ALA, Feigin RD (1978) Miliary pulmonary nodules due to aspirated vegetable particles. J Pediatr 92: 448PubMedGoogle Scholar
  492. Kari MA, Hallman M, Eronen M, Teramo K, Virtanen M, Koivisto M et al. (1994) Prenatal dexamethasone treatment in conjunction with rescue therapy of human surfactant: a randomized placebo-controlled multicenter study. Pediatrics 93: 730PubMedGoogle Scholar
  493. Karlinsky JB, Mark EJ (1993) Casse records of the Massachusetts General Hospital. Case 23–1993. N Engl J Med 328: 1696Google Scholar
  494. Karmazin N, Panitch HB, Balsara RK, Faerber EN, de Chadarevian LP (1989) De novo circumscribed pulmonary lobar cystic lymphatic anomaly in a young boy. A possible sequel of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Chest 95: 1162Google Scholar
  495. Katzenstein A-LA (1985) Pathogenesis of “fibrosis” in interstitial pneumonia: an electron microscopic study. Hum Pathol 1015: 1024Google Scholar
  496. Katzenstein A-LA, Gordon LP, Oliphant M, Swender PT (1995) Chronic pneumonitis of infancy. A unique form of interstitial lung disease occurring in early childhood. Am J Surg Pathol 19: 439Google Scholar
  497. Kaul A, Scott R, Gallagher M, Scott M, Clement J, Ogra PL (1978) Respiratory syncytial virus infection — rapid diagnosis in children by use of indirect immunofluorescence. Am J Dis Child 132: 1088PubMedGoogle Scholar
  498. Kayser K, Gabius HJ, Hagemeyer O (1993) Malignant teratoma of the lung with lymph node metastasis of the ectoderm compartment: a case report. Anal Cell Pathol 5: 31PubMedGoogle Scholar
  499. Kazanjians PH, Mark EJ (1990) Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital. Case 48–1990. N Engl J Med 323: 1546Google Scholar
  500. Kelly JH, Joseph M, Carrol E, Goodman ML, Pilch BZ, Levinson RM, Strome M (1980) Inverted papilloma of the nasal septum. Arch Otolaryngol 106: 767PubMedGoogle Scholar
  501. Kelso JM, Kerr DJ, Lie JT, Sachs MI, O’Connell EJ (1991) Unusual diffuse pulmonary lymphatic proliferation in a young boy. Chest 100: 556PubMedGoogle Scholar
  502. Kenny JD, Adams JM, Corbet AJS, Rudolph AJ (1976) The role of acidosis at birth in the development of hyaline membrane disease. Pediatrics 58: 184PubMedGoogle Scholar
  503. Kelso JM, Kerr DJ, Lie JT, Sachs MI, O’Connell EJ (1991) Unusual diffuse pulmonary lymphatic proliferation in a young boy. Chest 100: 556PubMedGoogle Scholar
  504. Khan AS, Ksiazek TG, Zaki SR, Nichol ST, Rollin PE, Peters CJ et al. (1995) Fatal hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in an adolescent. Pediatrics 95: 276PubMedGoogle Scholar
  505. Khong TY, Keeling JW (1990) Massive congenital mesenchymal malformation of the lung: another case of non-immune hydrops. Histopathology 16: 609PubMedGoogle Scholar
  506. Khong TY, Frappell JM, Steel HM, Stewart CM, Burke M (1986) Perinatal listeriosis. A report of six cases. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 93: 1083Google Scholar
  507. Khorsând J, Tennant R, Gillies C, Phillipps AF (1985) Congenital alveolar capillary dysplasia: a developmental vascular anomaly causing persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. Pediatr Pathol 3: 299PubMedGoogle Scholar
  508. Kim KH, Suh JS, Han WS (1993) Leiomyoma of the bronchus treated by endoscopic resection. Ann Thorac Surg 56: 1164PubMedGoogle Scholar
  509. Kimura H, Futamura M, Kito H, Ando T, Goto M, Kuzushima K et al. (1991) Detection of viral DNA in neonatal herpes simplex virus infections: frequent and prolonged presence in serum and cerebrospinal fluid. J Infect Dis 164: 289PubMedGoogle Scholar
  510. Kinane BT, Mansell AL, Zwerdling RG, Lapey A, Shannon DC (1993) Folliculara bronchitis in the pediatric population. Chest 104: 1183PubMedGoogle Scholar
  511. King TE Jr, Christopher KL, Schwarz MI (1982) Multiple pulmonary chondromatous hamartomas. Hum Pathol 13: 496PubMedGoogle Scholar
  512. Kino T, Kohara Y, Tsuji S (1972) Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis. A report of two young sisters. Am Rev Respir Dis 105: 105Google Scholar
  513. Kitamura S, Maeda M, Kawashima Y, Masaoka A, Manabe Y (1969) Leiomyoma of the intrathoracic trachea — report of a case successfully treated by primary end-to-end anastomosis following circumferential resection of the trachea. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 57: 126PubMedGoogle Scholar
  514. Kjellman B, Elinder G, Garwicz S, Svan H (1984) Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis in Swedish children. Acta Paediatr Scand 73: 584PubMedGoogle Scholar
  515. Klapholz A, Salomon N, Perlman DC, Talavera W (1991) Aspergillosis in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Chest 100: 1614PubMedGoogle Scholar
  516. Klatt EC, Pavlova Z, Teberg AJ, Yonekura ML (1986a) Epidemic perinatal listeriosis at autopsy. Hum Pathol 17: 1278PubMedGoogle Scholar
  517. Kleinclaus I, Floquet J, Chamapigneulle J, Perrin C, Simon C, Vignaud JM (1993) Les esthésioneuromes (esthésioneuroblastomes) oflactifs. Etude anatomopathologique à propos de 7 observations. Ann Pathol 13: 241PubMedGoogle Scholar
  518. Klingebiel T, Pickert A, Dopfer R, Ranke MB, Siedner R (1989) Unusual course of a Chlamydia pneumonia in an infant with IgG2/IgG4-deficiency. Eur J Pediatr 148: 431Google Scholar
  519. Knox EWF, Hooton VN, Barson AJ (1987) Pulmonary vascular cadidiasis and use of central venous catheters in neonates. J Clin Pathol 40: 559PubMedGoogle Scholar
  520. Kobayashi T, Shido A, Nitta K, Inui S, Ganzuka M, Robertson B (1990) The critical concentration of surfactant in fetal lung liquid at birth. Resp Physiol 80: 181Google Scholar
  521. Kobler E, Ammann RW (1977) Accessory lung arising from the upper esophagus. A rare congenital anomaly in the adult. Respiration 34: 236Google Scholar
  522. Kondepudi A, Johnson A (1993) Cytokines increase neutral endopeptidase activity in lung fibroblasts. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 8: 43PubMedGoogle Scholar
  523. Korppi M, Katila ML, Jöoskelöainen J, Leinonen M (1992a) Role of Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis as a respiratory pathogen in children. Acta Paediatr 81: 993PubMedGoogle Scholar
  524. Korppi M, Katila ML, Jöoskelöainen J, Leinonen M (1992b) Role of non-capsulated Haemophilus influenzae as a respiratory pathogen in children. Acta Paediatr 81: 989PubMedGoogle Scholar
  525. Korvick JA, Yu VL (1987) Legionnaires’ disease: an emerging surgical problem. Ann Thorac Surg 43: 341PubMedGoogle Scholar
  526. Koss MN, Hochholzer L, O’Leary T (1991) Pulmonary blastomas. Cancer 67: 2368PubMedGoogle Scholar
  527. Kovacs A, Frederick T, Church J, Eller A, Oxtoby M, Mascola L (1991) CD4 T-lymphocyte counts and Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in pediatric HIV infection. JAMA 265: 1698PubMedGoogle Scholar
  528. Kuan S-F, Persson A, Parghi D, Crouch E (1994) Lectin-mediated interactions of surfactant protein D with alveolar macrophages. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 10: 430PubMedGoogle Scholar
  529. Kuhn JP, Lee SB (1973) Pneumatoceles associated with Escherichia coli pneumonias in the newborn. Pediatrics 51: 1008PubMedGoogle Scholar
  530. Kulhanjian JA, Soroush V, Au DS, Brozan RN, Yasukawa L, Weylman LE et al. (1992) Identification of women at unsuspected risk of primary infection with Herpes simplex virus type 2 during pregnancy. N Engl J Med 326: 916PubMedGoogle Scholar
  531. Kumagami H (1991) Testosterone and estradiol in juvenile angiofibroma tissue. Acta Otolaryngol 111: 569PubMedGoogle Scholar
  532. Kung ITM, Loke SL, So SY, Lam WK, Mok CK, Aung Khin M (1985) Intrapulmonary thymoma: report of two cases. Gut 40: 471Google Scholar
  533. Kuroki Y, Gasa S, Ogasawara Y, Makita A, Akino T (1992) Binding of pulmonary surfactant protein A to galactosylceramide and asialo-Gm2. Arch Biochem Biophys 299: 261PubMedGoogle Scholar
  534. Kuroki Y, Mason RJ, Voelker DR (1988) Alveolar type II cells express a high-affinity receptor for pulmonary surfactant protein A. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 85: 5566PubMedGoogle Scholar
  535. Kuroki Y, Shiratori M, Ogasawara Y, Tsuzuki A, Akino T (1991) Characterization of pulmonary surfactant protein D: its copurification with lipids. Biochim Biophys Acta 1086: 185PubMedGoogle Scholar
  536. Kurotaki H, Kamata Y, Kimura M, Nagai K (1993) Multiple papillary adenomas of type II pneumocytes found in a 13-year-old boy with von Recklinghausen’s disease. Virchows Archiv A [Pathol Anat] 423: 319Google Scholar
  537. Kurup VP, Kumar A (1991) Immunodiagnosis of aspergillosis. Clin Microbiol Rev 4: 439PubMedGoogle Scholar
  538. Kuruvilla A, Wenig BM, Humphrey DM, Heffner DK (1990) Leiomyosarcoma of the sinonasal tract. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 116: 1278PubMedGoogle Scholar
  539. Kurzner SI, Garg M, Bautista DB, Bader D, Merritt RJ, Warburton D et al. (1988) Growth failure in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia: nutrition and elevated resting metabolic expenditure. Pediatrics 81: 379PubMedGoogle Scholar
  540. Kuwano K, Bosken CH, Par PD, Bai TR, Wiggs BR, Hogg JC (1993) Small airways dimensions in asthma and in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am Rev Respir Dis 148: 1220PubMedGoogle Scholar
  541. Kwittken J, Reiner L (1962) Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung. Pediatrics 30: 759Google Scholar
  542. Kyllonen KEJ (1964) Intralobar pulmonary sequestration and theory as to its etiology. Acta Chir Scand 127: 307Google Scholar
  543. La Salle AJ, Andrassy RJ, Steeg KV, Ratner I (1979) Congenital tracheoesophageal fistula without esophageal atresia. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 78: 583Google Scholar
  544. Lagrange AM, Servais B, Wurtz A, Laffite JJ, Janin A, Ribet M et al. (1988) Liposarcome lipoblastique du poumon. Etude ultra-structurale d’un cas. Ann Pathol 8: 152Google Scholar
  545. Laitinen L, Laitinen LA (1991) Cellular infiltrates in asthma and in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am Rev Respir Dis 143: 1159PubMedGoogle Scholar
  546. Landing BH (1957) Anomalies of the respiratory tract. Pediatr Clin North Am 4: 73Google Scholar
  547. Landing BH, Dixon LG (1979) Congenital malformations and genetic disorders of the respiratory tract (larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs). Am Rev Respir Dis 120: 151PubMedGoogle Scholar
  548. Landing BH, Shirkey HS (1957) A syndrome of recurrent infection and infiltration of viscera by pigmented lipid histiocytes. Pediatrics 20: 431PubMedGoogle Scholar
  549. Landing BH, Wells TR (1973) Tracheobronchial anomalies in children. In: Rosenberg HS, Boland RP (eds) Perspectives in pediatric pathology. Year-Book Medical Publishers, Chicago, p 1Google Scholar
  550. Landry ML, Fong CKY, Nedderman K, Solomon L, Hsiung GD (1987) Disseminated adenovirus infection in an immunocompromised host. Am J Med 83: 555PubMedGoogle Scholar
  551. Langston C (1991) Case 2. Misalignment of pulmonary veins and alveolar capillary dysplasia. Pediatr Pathol 11: 163PubMedGoogle Scholar
  552. Laraya-Cuasay LR, Deforest A, Palmer J, Huff DS, Lischner HW, Huang NN (1974) Chronic pulmonary complications of early influenza virus infection. Am Rev Respir Dis 109: 703Google Scholar
  553. Lauweryns JM (1969) The body lymphatics in neonatal hyaline membrane disease. Pediatrics 44: 126PubMedGoogle Scholar
  554. Lauweryns JM (1970) “Hyaline membrane disease” in newborn infants. Macroscopic, radiographic and light and electron microscopic studies. Hum Pathol 1: 175Google Scholar
  555. Lauweryns J, Deleersnyder M, Boussauw L (1971) A morphometrical study of the aeration of the pulmonary parenchyma in neonatal hyaline membrane diseases. Beitr Pathol 144: 344PubMedGoogle Scholar
  556. Lawson RM, Ramanathan L, Hurley G, Hinson KW, Lennox SC (1976) Bronchial adenoma: review of an 18-year experience at the Brompton Hospital. Thorax 31: 245PubMedGoogle Scholar
  557. Lebecque P, Lapierre JG, Brochu P, Spier S, Lamarre A (1987) Pulmonary plasma cell granuloma. Eur J Pediatr 146: 174PubMedGoogle Scholar
  558. Lebrun D, Avni EF, Goolaerts JP, Rocmans P, Tondeur M, Ardichvili D (1985) Prenatal diagnosis of a pulmonary cyst by ultrasonography. Eur J Pediatr 144: 399PubMedGoogle Scholar
  559. Lee DA, Rao BR, Meyer JS, Prioleau PG, Bauer WC (1980) Hormonal receptor determination in juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibromas. Cancer 46: 547PubMedGoogle Scholar
  560. Leighton SEJ, Gallimore AP (1994) Extranodal sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy affecting the subglottis and trachea. Histopathology 24: 393PubMedGoogle Scholar
  561. Leong KH, Boey ML, Feng PH (1991) Coexisting Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, cytomegalovirus pneumonitis and salmonellosis in systemic lupus erythematosus. Ann Rheum Dis 50: 811PubMedGoogle Scholar
  562. Leighton SEJ, Gallimore AP (1994) Extranodal sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy affecting the subglottis and trachea. Histopathology 24: 393PubMedGoogle Scholar
  563. Levine PA, McLean WC, Cantrell RW (1986) Esthesioneuroblastoma: the University of Virginia experience 1960–1985. Laryngoscope 96: 742PubMedGoogle Scholar
  564. Leviton A, Gilles F, Strassfeld R (1977) The influence of route of delivery and hyaline membranes on the risk of neonatal intracranial haemorrhages. Ann Neurol 2: 451PubMedGoogle Scholar
  565. Leviton A, Kuban KC, Pagano M, Allred EN, Van Marter L (1993) Antenatal corticosteroids appear to reduce the risk of postnatal germinal matrix hemorrhage in intubated low birth weight newborns. Pediatrics 91: 1083PubMedGoogle Scholar
  566. Li EP (1977) Second malignant tumours after cancer in childhood. Cancer 40: 1899PubMedGoogle Scholar
  567. Lieberman J (1969) Pulmonary plasminogen-activator activity in hyaline membrane disease. Pediatr Res 3: 11PubMedGoogle Scholar
  568. Liebner EJ (1976) Embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of head and neck in children: correlation of stage, radiation dose, local control and survival. Cancer 37: 2777PubMedGoogle Scholar
  569. Liebow AA, Hubbell DS (1956) Sclerosing hemangioma (histiocytoma, xanthoma of the lung). Cancer 9: 53PubMedGoogle Scholar
  570. Liebow AA, Carrington CRB, Friedman PJ (1972) Lymphomatoid granulomatosis. Hum Pathol 3: 457PubMedGoogle Scholar
  571. Lilien LD, Yeh TF, Novak GM, Jacobs NM (1978) Early onset Haemophilus sepsis in newborn infants: clinical roentgenographic and pathologic features. Pediatrics 62: 299PubMedGoogle Scholar
  572. Limper AH, Offord KP, Smith TF, Martin WJ II (1989) Pneumocystic carinii pneumonia. Differences in lung parasite number and inflammation in patients with and without AIDS. Am Rev Respir Dis 140: 1204Google Scholar
  573. Lin-Chu M, Lee Y-J, Ho MY (1989) Malignant mesothelioma in infancy. Arch Pathol Lab Med 113: 409PubMedGoogle Scholar
  574. Lincoln JCR, Stark, J, Subramanian S, Aberdeen E, Bonham-Carter RE, Berry CL, Waterston DJ (1971) Congenital lobar emphysema. Ann Surg 173: 55PubMedGoogle Scholar
  575. Lindsay ML Jr, Hermann EC Jr, Morrow GW Jr, Brown AL Jr (1970) Hong Kong influenza. Clinical, microbiologic and pathologic features in 127 cases. JAMA 214: 1825PubMedGoogle Scholar
  576. Lipscomb MF, Lyons CR, Nunez G, Ball EJ, Stastny P, Vial W, Lem V, Weissler J, Miller LM, Toews GB (1986) Human alveolar macrophages: HLA-DR-positive macrophages that are poor stimulators of a primary mixed leukocyte reaction. J Immunol 136: 497Google Scholar
  577. Liston SL, Gehz RC, Siegel LG, Tilelli J (1983) Bacterial tracheitis. Am J Dis Child 137: 764PubMedGoogle Scholar
  578. Lloreta J, Mackay B, Troncoso P, Ribalta—Farres T, Smith T, Khorana S (1992) Neuroendocrine tumours of the nasal cavity: an ultrastructural and morphometric study of 24 cases. Ultrastruct Pathol 16: 165Google Scholar
  579. Loire R, Tabib A, Bastien 0 (1993) Complications aspergillaires mortelles après transplantation cardiaque. Ann Pathol 13: 157Google Scholar
  580. Loyd JE, Tillman BF, Atkinson JB, Des Prez RM (1988) Mediastinal fibrosis complicating histoplasmosis. Medecine 67: 295Google Scholar
  581. Lundemose AG, Lundemose JB, Birkelund S, Christiansen G (1989) Detection of Chlamydia in postmortal formalin-fixed tissue. APMIS 97: 68PubMedGoogle Scholar
  582. Lutsky I, Livni N, Mor N (1986) Retrospective confirmation of mycoplasma infection by the immunoperoxidase technique. Pathology 18: 390PubMedGoogle Scholar
  583. MacGregor FB, Geddes NK (1993) Nasal dermoids: the significance of a midline punctum. Arch Dis Child 68: 418 Machin GA (1975) A perinatal mortality survey in south-east London, 1970–73: the pathological findings in 762 necropsies. J Clin Pathol 28: 428Google Scholar
  584. Madan E, Meyer MP, Amortegui AJ (1988) Isolation of genital mycoplasms and Chlamydia trachomatis in stillborn and neonatal autopsy material. Arch Pathol Lab Med 112: 749PubMedGoogle Scholar
  585. Maeda A, Sata T, Sato Y, Kurata T (1994) A comparative study of congenital and postnatally acquired human cytomegalovirus infection in infants: lack of expression of viral immediate early protein in congenital cases. Virchows Arch 424: 121PubMedGoogle Scholar
  586. Maesen FPV, Santana B, Lamers J, van den Bnekel B (1983) A supernumerary bronchus of the right upper lobe. Eur J Respir Dis 64: 473PubMedGoogle Scholar
  587. Maesen FPV, Geraedts WH, Goei R (1993) Agenesis of the right upper lobe. Chest 103: 1612PubMedGoogle Scholar
  588. Maeta T, Fujiwara Y, Ohizumi T, Kato E, Kakizaki G, Ishidate T, Fujiwara T (1977) Pathological study of tracheal and pulmonary lesions in autopsy cases of congenital esophageal atresia. Tohoku J Exp Med 123: 23PubMedGoogle Scholar
  589. Mahut B, Delacourt C, de Blic J, Mani TM, Schleinmann P (1993) Bronchiectasis in a child after acrolein inhalation. Chest 104: 1286Google Scholar
  590. Maisel RH, Ogura JH (1974) Neurofibromatosis with laryngeal involvement. Laryngoscope 84: 132PubMedGoogle Scholar
  591. Malm G, Berg U, Forsgren M (1995) Neonatal herpes simplex: clinical findings and outcome in relation to type of maternal infection. Acta Paediatr 84: 256PubMedGoogle Scholar
  592. Malm G, Forsgren M, el Azazi M, Persson A (1991) A follow-up study of children with neonatal herpes simplex virus infections with particular regard to late nervous disturbances. Acta Paediatr Scand 80: 226PubMedGoogle Scholar
  593. Manivel JC, Priest JR, Watterson J, Steiner M, Woods WG, Wick MR et al. (1988) Pleuropulmonary blastoma. The so-called pulmonary blastoma of childhood. Cancer 62: 1516Google Scholar
  594. Marchau FE, van Roy BC, Parizel PM, Lambert JR, de Canck I, Leroy JG et al. (1993) Tricho—rhino—phalangeal syndrome type I (TRP I) due to an apparently balanced translocation involving 8q24. Am J Med Genet 45: 450PubMedGoogle Scholar
  595. Mardini MK, Nyhan WL (1985) Agenesis of the lung. Report of four patients with unusual anomalies. Chest 87: 522Google Scholar
  596. Margraf LR, Paciga JE, Balis JU (1990) Surfactant-associated glycoproteins accumulate in alveolar cells and secretions during reparative stage of hyaline membrane disease. Hum Pathol 21: 392PubMedGoogle Scholar
  597. Margraf LR, Tomashefski JF Jr, Bruce MC, Dahms BB (1991) Morphometric analysis of the lung in bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Am Rev Respir Dis 143: 391PubMedGoogle Scholar
  598. Marinopoulos GC, Huddle KRL, Wainwright H (1991) Obliterative bronchiolitis: virus induced? Chest 99: 243PubMedGoogle Scholar
  599. Mark PH, Turner JAP (1968) Lung abscess in childhood. Thorax 23: 216PubMedGoogle Scholar
  600. Mark EJ, Matsubara O, Tan-Liu NS, Fienberg R (1988) The pulmonary biopsy in the early diagnosis of Wegener’ s (pathergic) granulomatosis: a study based on 35 open lung biopsies. Hum Pathol 19: 1065PubMedGoogle Scholar
  601. Mark Y, Rogers BB, Oyer CE (1993) Diagnosis and incidence of fetal parvovirus infection in an autopsy series: II. DNA amplification. Pediatr Pathol 13: 381Google Scholar
  602. Marrie TJ (1993) Chlamydia pneumoniae. Thorax 48: 1 Martensson G, Larsson S, Zettergren L (1984) Malignant mesothelioma in two pairs of siblings: is there a hereditary predisposing factor? Eur J Respir Dis 65: 179Google Scholar
  603. Martin WJ (1993) Pathogenesis of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 8: 356PubMedGoogle Scholar
  604. Martin WJ, Howard DM (1986) Paraquat-induced neutrophil alveolitis: reduction of the inflammatory response by pretreatment with endotoxin and hyperoxia. Lung 164: 107PubMedGoogle Scholar
  605. Martin JJ, Philippart M, Van Hauwaert J, Callahan JW, Deberdt R (1972) Niemann—Pick disease ( Crocker’s group A) — late-onset and pigmentary degeneration resembling Hallervorden—Spatz syndrome: Arch Neurol 27: 45Google Scholar
  606. Martin JR, Holt RK, Langston C, Gilden DH, Richardson EP Jr, Manz HJ et al. (1991) Type-specific identification of herpes simplex and varicella—zoster virus antigen in autopsy tissues. Hum Pathol 22: 75PubMedGoogle Scholar
  607. Mascie-Taylor BH, Wardman AG, Madden CA, Page RL (1985) A case of alveolar microlithiasis: observation over 22 years and recovery of material by lavage. Thorax 40: 952PubMedGoogle Scholar
  608. Massaro D, Kayz S, Matthews MJ, Higgins G (1965) Von Recklinghausen’s neurofibromatosis associated with cystic lung disease. Am J Med 38: 233PubMedGoogle Scholar
  609. Massimino M, Gasparini M, Ballerini E, Del-Bo R (1995) Primary thyroid carcinoma in children: a retrospective study of 20 patients. Med Pediatr Oncol 24: 13PubMedGoogle Scholar
  610. Massumi RA, Legier JF (1966) Rheumatic pneumonitis. Circulation 33: 417PubMedGoogle Scholar
  611. Matsumoto A, Bessho H, Uehira K, Suda T (1991) Morphological studies of the association of mitochondria with chlamydial inclusions and the fusion of chlamydial inclusions. J Electron Microsc 40: 356Google Scholar
  612. Matters GL, Scandalios JG (1986) Effect of the free radical-generating herbicide paraquat on the expression of the superoxide dismutase ( Sod) genes in maize. Biochim Biophys Acta 882: 29Google Scholar
  613. Matthews TJ, Hornall D, Sheppard MN (1993) Comparison of the use of antibodies to “a” smooth muscle actin and desmin in pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis. J Clin Pathol 46: 479PubMedGoogle Scholar
  614. Mayer GJ (1979) Pulmonary paragonimiasis. J Pediatr 95: 75PubMedGoogle Scholar
  615. McAdams AJ, Coen R, Kleinman LI, Tsang R, Sutherland J (1973) The experimental production of hyaline membranes in premature Rhesus monkeys. Am J Pathol 70: 277PubMedGoogle Scholar
  616. McBride DE, Koenig JQ, Luchtel DL, Williams PV, Henderson WR Jr (1994) Inflammatory effects of ozone in the upper airways of subjects with asthma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 149: 1192PubMedGoogle Scholar
  617. McDonnell T, Kyriakos M, Roper C, Mazoujian G (1988) Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the lung. Cancer 61: 137PubMedGoogle Scholar
  618. McGinnis M, Jacobs G, El-Naggar A, Redline RW (1993) Congenital peribronchial myofibroblastic tumour (so-called “congenital leiomyosarcoma”). A distinct neonatal lung lesion associated with nonimmune hydrops fetalis. Mod Pathol 6: 487Google Scholar
  619. McLauchlin J (1990a) Distribution of serovars of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from different categories of patients with listeriosis. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 9: 210PubMedGoogle Scholar
  620. McLauchlin J (1990b) Human listeriosis in Britain, 1967–85. A summary of 722 cases. 2. Listeriosis in non-pregnant individuals, a changing pattern of infection and seasonal incidence. Epidemiol Infect 104: 191PubMedGoogle Scholar
  621. McLelland J, Broadbent V, Yeomans E, Malone M, Pritchard J (1990) Langerhans’ cell histiocytosis: the case for conservative treatment. Arch Dis Child 65: 301PubMedGoogle Scholar
  622. Meacham LR, Winn KJ, Culler FL, Parks JS (1991) Double vagina, cardiac, pulmonary, and other genital malformations with 46,XY karyotype (see comments). Am J Med Genet 41: 478PubMedGoogle Scholar
  623. Mendoza A, Voland J, Wolf P, Benirschke K (1986a) Supradiaphragmatic liver in the lung. Arch Pathol Lab Med 110: 1085PubMedGoogle Scholar
  624. Mendoza A, Wolf P, Edwards DK, Leopold GR, Voland JR, Benirschke K (1986b) Prenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis of congenital adenomatoid malformation of the lung. Arch Pathol Lab Med 110: 402PubMedGoogle Scholar
  625. Merlier M, Rochainzanir, Rojas-Miranda A, Levasseur P, Sulzer JD, Verley JM, Langlois J, Binet JP, LeBrigand H (1970) Les aspects anatomo-cliniques des séquestrations pulmonaires. A propos de 46 observations. Ann Chir Thorac Cardiovasc 9: 511Google Scholar
  626. Messina MS, O’Riordan TG, Smaldone GC (1991) Changes in mucociliary clearance during acute exacerbations of asthma. Am Rev Respir Dis 143: 993PubMedGoogle Scholar
  627. Meyers WM, Neafie RC, Connor DH (1977) Onchocerciasis: invasion of deep organs by Onchocerca volvulus. Autopsy findings. Am J Trop Med Hyg 26: 650Google Scholar
  628. Micheau C (1986) What is new in histological classification and recognition of naso-pharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Pathol Res Pract 181: 249PubMedGoogle Scholar
  629. Micheau C, Luboinski B, Sancho H, Cachin Y (1975) Modes of invasion of cancer of the larynx. A statistical, histological and radioclinical analysis of 120 cases. Cancer 38: 346Google Scholar
  630. Michels VV, Driscoll DJ, Ferry GD, Duff DF, Beaudet AL (1979) Pulmonary vascular obstruction associated with cholesteryl ester storage disease. J Paediatr 94: 621Google Scholar
  631. Midulla F, Villani A, Panuska JR, Dab I, Kolls JK, Merolla R et al. (1993) Respiratory syncytial virus lung infection in infants: immunoregulatory role of infected alveolar macrophages. J Infect Dis 168: 1515PubMedGoogle Scholar
  632. Miettinen M, Lehto VP, Virtanen I (1982) Nasopharyngeal lymphoepithelioma. Histological diagnosis as aided by immunohistochemical demonstration of keratin. Virchows Arch [B] 40: 163Google Scholar
  633. Mihatsch MJ, Ohnacker H, Just M, Nars PW (1972) Lethal measles giant cell pneumonia after live measles vaccination — a case of thymic alymphoplasia Gitlin. Helv Paediatr Acta 27: 143PubMedGoogle Scholar
  634. Millard PR, Heryet AR (1988) Observations favouring Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia as a primary infection: a monoclonal antibody study on paraffin sections. J Pathol 154: 365PubMedGoogle Scholar
  635. Miller RP, Myer CM III, Gray SD, Cotton RT (1989) Imaging case study of the month. Posterior subglottic cyst. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 98: 81Google Scholar
  636. Miller RR (1990) Bronchioloalveolar cell adenomas. Am J Surg Pathol 14: 904PubMedGoogle Scholar
  637. Miller FC, Sacks DA, Yeh SY, Paul RH, Schifrin BS, Martin CB Jr, Hon EH (1975) Significance of meconium during labor. Am J Obstet Gynecol 122: 573PubMedGoogle Scholar
  638. Miller RW, Salcedo JR, Fink RJ, Murphy TM, Magilavy DB (1986) Pulmonary hemorrhage in pediatric patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. J Pediatr 108: 576PubMedGoogle Scholar
  639. Miller WT Jr, Sais GJ, Frank I, Gefter WB, Aronchick JM, Miller WT (1994) Pulmonary aspergillosis in patients with AIDS. Clinical and radiographic correlations. Chest 105: 37Google Scholar
  640. Mills J, Masur H (1990) AIDS-related infections. Sc Am 262: 50Google Scholar
  641. Mistchenko AS, Lenzi HL, Thompson FM, Mota EM, Vidaurreta S, Navari C et al. (1992) Participation of immune complexes in adenovirus infection. Acta Paediatr 81: 983PubMedGoogle Scholar
  642. Miyamura K, Malhotra R, Hoppe H-J, Reid KBM, Phizackerley PJR, Macpherson P et al. (1994) Surfactant proteins A (SP-A) and D (SP-D): levels in human amniotic fluid and localization in the fetal membranes. Biochim Biophys Acta 1210: 303PubMedGoogle Scholar
  643. Moch H, Oberholzer M, Christen H, Buser M, Dalquen P, Wegmann W et al. (1993a) Diagnostic tools for differentiating pleural mesothelioma from lung adenocarcinoma in paraffin embedded tissue. II. Design of an expert system and its application to the diagnosis of mesothelioma. Virchows Archiv A [Pathol Anat] 423: 493Google Scholar
  644. Moch H, Oberholzer M, Dalquen P, Wegmann W, Gudat F (1993b) Diagnostic tools for differentiating between pleural mesothelioma and lung adenocarcinoma in paraffin embedded tissue. Part I: Immunohistochemical findings. Virchows Archiv A [Pathol Anat] 423: 19Google Scholar
  645. Moler FW, Palmisano JM, Green TP, Custer JR (1993) Predictors of outcome of severe respiratory syncytial virus-associated respiratory failure treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. J Pediatr 123: 46PubMedGoogle Scholar
  646. Monday LA, Comut G, Bouchayer M, Roch JB (1983) Epidermoid cysts of the vocal cords. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 92: 124PubMedGoogle Scholar
  647. Montefort S, Lai CKW, Kapahi P, Leung J, Lai KN, Chan HS et al. (1994) Circulating adhesion molecules in asthma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 149: 1149PubMedGoogle Scholar
  648. Moore TC, Cobo JC (1985) Massive symptomatic cystic hygroma confined to the thorax in early childhood. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 89: 459PubMedGoogle Scholar
  649. Moorthy AV, Chesney RW, Segar WE, Groshong T (1977) Wegener granulomatosis in childhood: prolonged survival following cytotoxic therapy. J Pediatr 91: 616PubMedGoogle Scholar
  650. Moran TJ (1955) Experimental aspiration. IV. Inflammatory and reparative changes produced by introduction of autologous gastric juice and hydrochloric acid. Arch Pathol 60: 122Google Scholar
  651. Morgan D, Bailey M, Phelps P, Bellman S, Grace A, Wyse R (1993) Ear—nose—throat abnormalities in the CHARGE association. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 119: 49PubMedGoogle Scholar
  652. Morgenstern B, Klionsky B, Doshi N (1981) Yellow hyaline membrane disease. Identification of the pigment and bilirubin binding. Lab Invest 44: 514Google Scholar
  653. Morimitsu T, Matsumoto I, Okada S, Takahashi M, Kosugi T (1981) Congenital cricoid stenosis. Laryngoscope 91: 1356PubMedGoogle Scholar
  654. Morisot C, Kacet N, Bouchez MC, Rouland V, Dubos JP, Gremillet C et al. (1990) Risk factors for fatal pulmonary interstitial emphysema in neonates. Eur J Pediatr 149: 493PubMedGoogle Scholar
  655. Mortola JP (1987) Dynamics of breathing in newborn mammals. Physiol Rev 67: 187PubMedGoogle Scholar
  656. Moskaluk CA, Pogrebniak HW, Pass HI, Gallin JI, Travis WD (1994) Surgical pathology of the lung in chronic granulomatous disease. Am J Clin Pathol 102: 684PubMedGoogle Scholar
  657. Motomatsu K, Adachi H, Uno T (1979) Two infant deaths after inhaling baby powder. Chest 75: 448PubMedGoogle Scholar
  658. Moyland FMB, Shannon DC (1979) Preferential distribution of lobar emphysema and atelectasis in bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Pediatrics 63: 130Google Scholar
  659. Mroueh S, Spock A (1994) Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis in patients with cystic fibrosis. Chest 105: 32PubMedGoogle Scholar
  660. Muder RR, Yu VL, Woo AH (1986) Mode of transmission of Legionella pneumophila. A critical review. Arch Intern Med 146: 1607Google Scholar
  661. Muldoon RL, Jaecker DL, Kiefer HK (1981) Legionnaires’ disease in children. Pediatrics 67: 329PubMedGoogle Scholar
  662. Müller H (1918) Uber Lappungsanomalien der Lungen, insbesondere über einen Fall von trachealer Nebenlunge. Virchows Arch 225: 284Google Scholar
  663. Murata Y, Kuroki Y, Akino T (1993) Role of the C-terminal domain of pulmonary surfactant protein A in binding to alveolar type II cells and regulation of phospholipid secretion. Biochem J 291: 71PubMedGoogle Scholar
  664. Murayama J-I, Yoshizawa Y, Ohtsuka M, Hasegawa S (1993) Lung fibrosis in hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Association with CD4+ but not CD8+ cell dominant alveolitis and insidious onset. Chest 104: 38PubMedGoogle Scholar
  665. Murguia de Sierra T, Kumar ML, Wasser TE, Murphy BR, Subbarao EK (1993) Respiratory syncytial virus-specific immunoglobulins in preterm infants. J Pediatr 122: 787Google Scholar
  666. Murray JF, Mills J (1990) Pulmonary infectious complications of human immunodeficiency virus infection. Part I. Am Rev Respir Dis 141: 1356Google Scholar
  667. Murry CE, Schmidt RA (1992) Tissue invasion by Pneumocystis carinii: a possible cause of cavitary pneumonia and pneumothorax. Hum Pathol 23: 1380PubMedGoogle Scholar
  668. Muthuswamy PP, Alrenga DP, Marks P, Barker WL (1986) Granular cell myoblastoma: rare localization in the trachea. Report of a case and review of the literature. Am J Med 80: 714Google Scholar
  669. Myers JL, Katzenstein A-LA (1986) Microangiitis in lupus- induced pulmonary hemorrhage. Am J Clin Pathol 85: 552PubMedGoogle Scholar
  670. Nagata N, Dairaku M, Sueishi K, Tanaka K (1987) Sclerosing hemangioma of the lung. Am J Clin Pathol 88: 552PubMedGoogle Scholar
  671. Nakamura Y, Fukuda S, Hashimoto T (1990) Pulmonary elastic fibers in normal human development and pathological conditions. Pediatr Pathol 10: 689PubMedGoogle Scholar
  672. Nakamura Y, Saitoh Y, Yamamoto I, Fukuda S, Hashimoto T (1988) Regenerative process of hyaline membrane disease. Electron microscopic, immunohistochemical, and biochemical study. Arch Pathol Lab Med 112: 821Google Scholar
  673. Nasser WY, Keogh PF, Doshi R (1970) Myoblastoma of the larynx. J Laryngol 84: 751Google Scholar
  674. Natale R, Nasello-Paterson C, Connors G (1988) Patterns of fetal breathing activity in the human fetus at 24 to 28 weeks of gestation. Am J Obstet Gynecol 158: 317PubMedGoogle Scholar
  675. Nathrath WDJ, Remberger K (1986) Immunohistochemical study of granular cell tumours. Demonstration of neurone specific release S100 protein luminin and al-antichymetrypsin. Virchows Arch [A] 408: 421Google Scholar
  676. Naughton M, Fahy J, FitzGerald MX (1993) Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia. A long-term follow-up of 12 patients. Chest 103: 162PubMedGoogle Scholar
  677. Naylor JC, Wagner KR (1985) Neonatal sepsis due to Streptococcus pneumoniae. Can Med Assoc J 133: 1019Google Scholar
  678. Neagos GR, Feyssa A, Peters-Golden M (1993) Phospholipase A2 in alveolar type II epithelial cells: biochemical and immunologic characterization. Am J Physiol 264: L261PubMedGoogle Scholar
  679. Neagos GR, Feyssa A, Peters-Golden M (1993) Phospholipase A2 in alveolar type II epithelial cells: biochemical and immunologic characterization. Am J Physiol 264: L261PubMedGoogle Scholar
  680. Neilson DB (1958) Primary intrapulmonary neurogenic sarcoma. J Pathol 76: 419Google Scholar
  681. Neldam S (1982a) Fetal respiratory movements: relationship to postnatal respiratory capacity. Am J Obstet Gynecol 142: 862PubMedGoogle Scholar
  682. Neldam S (1982b) Fetal respiratory movements: a nomogram for fetal thoracic and abdominal respiratory movements. Am J Obstet Gynecol 142: 867PubMedGoogle Scholar
  683. Nelson (1984) Gastroesophageal reflux and pulmonary disease. J Allergy Clin Immunol 73: 547PubMedGoogle Scholar
  684. Nespoli L, Duse M, Vitiello MA, Perinotto G, Fiocca R, Giannetti A, Colombo A (1979) A rapid unfavorable outcome of Wegener’ s granulomatosis in early childhood. Eur J Pediatr 131: 277PubMedGoogle Scholar
  685. Nezelof C, Meyer B, Dalloz JC, Joly P, Paupe J, Vialatte J (1970) La bronchiolite oblitérante: à propos de deux observations anatomocliniques infantiles. Ann Pediatr 17: 534Google Scholar
  686. Nguyen K-L, Corbett ML, Garcia DP, Eberly SM, Massey EN, Le HT et al. (1993) Chronic sinusitis among pediatric patients with chronic respiratory complaints. J Allergy Clin Immunol 92: 824PubMedGoogle Scholar
  687. Nicholls S, Yuille TD, Mitchell RG (1975) Perinated infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae. Arch Dis Child 50: 739PubMedGoogle Scholar
  688. Nicolini V, Fisk NM, Rodeck CH, Talbert DG, Wigglesworth JS (1989) Low amniotic pressure in oligohydramnios. Is this the cause of pulmonary hypoplasia? Am J Obstet Gynecol 161: 1098PubMedGoogle Scholar
  689. Nicoll JAR, Love S, Burton PA, Berry PJ (1994) Autopsy findings in two cases of neonatal herpes simplex virus infection: detection of virus by immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization and the polymerase chain reaction. Histopathology 24: 257PubMedGoogle Scholar
  690. Niedobitek G, Young LS (1994) Epstein—Barr virus persistence and virus-associated tumours. Lancet 343: 333PubMedGoogle Scholar
  691. Nielson KA, Yunis EJ (1990) Demonstration of respiratory syncytial virus in an autopsy series. Pediatr Pathol 10: 491Google Scholar
  692. Niitu Y, Kubota H, Hasegawa S, Horikawa M, Komatsu S, Suetake T, Fujimura S, Nagashima Y (1974) Lung cancer (squamous cell carcinoma) in adolescence. Am J Dis Child 127: 108PubMedGoogle Scholar
  693. Nikolaizik WH, Warner JO (1994) Aetiology of chronic suppurative lung disease. Arch Dis Child 70: 141PubMedGoogle Scholar
  694. Nilsson R, Grossmann G, Robertson B (1978) Lung surfactant and the pathogenesis of neonatal bronchiolar lesions induced by artificial ventilation. Pediatr Res 12: 249PubMedGoogle Scholar
  695. Nishioka H, Furusho K, Yasunaga T, Tanaka K, Yamanouchi A, Yokota T et al. (1988) Congenital malignant mesothelioma. A case report and electron-microscopic study. Eur J Pediatr 147: 428Google Scholar
  696. Noguchi M, Kodama T, Morinaga S, Shimosato Y, Saito T, Tsuboi E (1986) Multiple sclerosing hemangiomas of the lung. Am J Surg Pathol 10: 429PubMedGoogle Scholar
  697. Northcutt AD, Tio FO, Chamblin SA Jr, Britton HA (1985) Massive metastatic pulmonary calcification in an infant with aleukemic monocytic leukemia. Pediatr Pathol 4: 219PubMedGoogle Scholar
  698. Northway WH Jr (1990) Bronchopulmonary dysplasia: then and now. Arch Dis Child 85: 1076Google Scholar
  699. Northway WH Jr, Moss RB, Carlisle KB, Parker BR, Popp RL, Pitlick PT et al. (1990) Late pulmonary sequelae of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. N Engl J Med 323: 1793PubMedGoogle Scholar
  700. Nouri L, Al-Rahim K (1970) Kerosene poisoning in children. Postgrad Med J 46: 71PubMedGoogle Scholar
  701. Novak RW (1981) Laryngotracheoesophageal cleft and unilateral pulmonary hypoplasia in twins. Pediatrics 67: 732PubMedGoogle Scholar
  702. Nussbaum E, Maggi JC (1990) Laryngomalacia in children. Chest 98: 942PubMedGoogle Scholar
  703. Oddo D, Etchart M, Thompson L (1990) Histoplasmosis duboisii (African histoplasmosis). An African case reported from Chile with ultrastructural study. Pathol Res Pract 186: 514Google Scholar
  704. O’Halloran LR, Lusk RP (1994) Amyloidosis of the larynx in a child. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 103: 590PubMedGoogle Scholar
  705. Oh1ms L, Jones DT, McGill TJI, Healy GB (1994) Interferon a2A therapy for airway hemangiomas. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 103: 1PubMedGoogle Scholar
  706. Ohlms LA, McGill T, Healy GB (1994) Malignant largngeal tumors in children: a 15-year experience with four patients. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 103: 686PubMedGoogle Scholar
  707. Ohori NP, Yousem SA, Sonmez—Alpan E, Colby TV (1991) Estrogen and progesterone receptors in lymphangioleiomyomatosis, epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, and sclerosing hemangioma of the lung. Am J Clin Pathol 96: 529Google Scholar
  708. Okeda R (1978) Heterotopic brain tissue in the submandibular region and lung. Report of two cases and comments about pathogenesis. Acta Neuropathol 43: 217PubMedGoogle Scholar
  709. Oliver TK Jr, Smith B, Clatworthy HW Jr (1959) Staphylococcal pneumonia, pleural and pulmonary complications. Pediatr Clin North Am 6: 1043Google Scholar
  710. Okeda R (1978) Heterotopic brain tissue in the submandibular region and lung. Report of two cases and comments about pathogenesis. Acta Neuropathol 43: 217PubMedGoogle Scholar
  711. Olmedo G, Rosenberg M, Fonseca R (1982) Primary tumours of the trachea. Clinicopathologic features and surgical results. Chest 81: 701Google Scholar
  712. Olson JL, Mendelsohn G (1978) Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung. Arch Pathol Lab Med 102: 248PubMedGoogle Scholar
  713. Olson KD, Carpenter RJIII, Kern EB (1979) Nasal septal trauma in children. Pediatrics 64: 32Google Scholar
  714. Onadeka BO, Beetlestone CA, Cooke AR, Abioye AA, Adetuyibi A, Sofowora EO (1977) Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis. Postgrad Med J 53: 165Google Scholar
  715. Oomen LCJM, Ten Have-Opbroek AAW, Hageman PC, Oudshoorn-Snoek M, Egberts J, van der Valk MA et al. (1990) Fetal mouse alveolar type II cells in culture express several type II cell characteristics found in vivo, together with major histocompatibility antigens. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 3: 325PubMedGoogle Scholar
  716. Oppenheimer EH, Rosenstein RI (1979) Differential pathology of nasal polyps in cystic fibrosis and atopy. Lab Invest 40: 445PubMedGoogle Scholar
  717. Orton HB (1947) Carcinoma of the larynx: clinical report of case — age 13- years. Laryngoscope 57: 299PubMedGoogle Scholar
  718. Osamura RY (1977) Ultrastructure of localized fibrous mesothelioma of the pleura. Report of a case with histogenetic considerations. Cancer 39: 139PubMedGoogle Scholar
  719. Otto-Verberne CJM, Ten Have-Opbroek AAW, De Vries ECP (1990) Expression of the major surfactant-associated protein, SP-A, in type II cells of human lung before 20 weeks of gestation. Eur J Cell Biol 53: 13PubMedGoogle Scholar
  720. Pabst R (1992) Is BALT a major component of the human lung immune system? Immunol Today 13: 119PubMedGoogle Scholar
  721. Page DV, Stocker JT (1982) Anomalies associated with pulmonary hypoplasia. Am Rev Respir Dis 125: 216PubMedGoogle Scholar
  722. Pai SH, Cameron CTM, Lev R (1971) Accessory lung presenting as juxtagastric mass. Arch Pathol 91: 569PubMedGoogle Scholar
  723. Papadopoulos T, Ionescu L, Dämmrich J, Toomes H, Müller-Hermelink HK (1990) Type I and type IV collagen promote adherence and spreading of human type II pneumocytes in vitro. Lab Invest 62: 562PubMedGoogle Scholar
  724. Pai SH, Cameron CTM, Lev R (1971) Accessory lung presenting as juxtagastric mass. Arch Pathol 91: 569PubMedGoogle Scholar
  725. Pappin A, Shenker N, Hack M, Redline RW (1994) Extensive intraalveolar pulmonary hemorrhage in infants dying after surfactant therapy. J Pediatr 124: 621PubMedGoogle Scholar
  726. Pappin AL, Shenker N, Hack N, Redline R (1994) Differing patterns of pulmonary hemorrhage in infants dying after surfactant therapy. J Pediatr 124: 621PubMedGoogle Scholar
  727. Paradis IL, Grgurich WF, Dummer JS, Dekker A, Dauber JH (1988) Rapid detection of cytomegalovirus pneumonia from lung lavage cells. Am Rev Respir Dis 138: 697PubMedGoogle Scholar
  728. Parto K, Svedström E, Majurin M-L, Hërkënen R, Simell O (1993) Pulmonary manifestations in lysinuric protein intolerance. Chest 194: 1176Google Scholar
  729. Passwell J, Katz D, Frank Y, Spirer Z, Cohen BE, Ziprkowski M (1976) Fatal disseminated BCG infection. An investigation of the immuno-deficiency. Am J Dis Child 130: 433Google Scholar
  730. Pastorino U, Gasparini M, Valente M, Tavecchio L, Azzarelli A, Mapelli S et al. (1992) Primary childhood osteosarcoma: the role of salvage surgery. Ann Oncol 3, Suppl 2: S43Google Scholar
  731. Patten BM (1968) Human embryology, 3rd edn. McGraw-Hill New York, p 358Google Scholar
  732. Pastorino U, Gasparini M, Valente M, Tavecchio L, Azzarelli A, Mapelli S et al. (1992) Primary childhood osteosarcoma: the role of salvage surgery. Ann Oncol 3, Suppl 2: S43Google Scholar
  733. Pattishall EN, Strope GL, Spinola SM, Denny FW (1986) Childhood sarcoidosis. J Pediatr 108: 169PubMedGoogle Scholar
  734. Paulli M, Rosso R, Kindl S, Boveri E, Marocolo D, Chioda C et al. (1992) Immunophenotypic characterization of the cell infiltrate in five cases of sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy ( Ronal—Dorfman disease ). Hum Pathol 23: 647Google Scholar
  735. Perlman EJ, Dickman PS, Askin FB, Grier HE, Miser JS, Link MP (1994) Ewing’s sarcoma — routine diagnostic utilization of MIC2 analysis: a pediatric oncology group/children’s cancer group intergroup study. Hum Pathol 25: 304PubMedGoogle Scholar
  736. Perlman EJ, Moore GW, Hutchins GM (1989) The pulmonary vasculature in meconium aspiration. Hum Pathol 20: 701PubMedGoogle Scholar
  737. Perlman JM, Volpe JJ (1989) Movement disorder of premature infants with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia: a new syndrome. Pediatrics 84: 215PubMedGoogle Scholar
  738. Perzin KH, Fu YS (1980) Non-epithelial tumors of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses and nasopharynx. A clinicopathologic study. XI. Fibrous histiocytomas. Cancer 45: 2616Google Scholar
  739. Perzin KH, Lefkowitch JH, Hui RM (1981) Bilateral nasal squamous carcinoma arising in papillomatosis. Report of a case developing after chemotherapy for leukemia. Cancer 48: 2375Google Scholar
  740. Pettersson T, Stenström R, Kyrönseppa H (1974) Disseminated lung opacities and cavitation associated with Strongyloides stercoralis and Schistosoma mansoni infection. Am J Trop Med Hyg 23: 158PubMedGoogle Scholar
  741. Pettinato G, Manivel JC, Saldana MJ, Peyser J, Dehner LP (1989) Primary bronchopulmonary fibrosarcoma of childhood and adolescence: reassessment of a low-grade malignancy. Hum Pathol 20: 463PubMedGoogle Scholar
  742. Pfenninger J, D’Apuzzo V (1977) Powder aspiration in children. Report of two cases. Arch Dis Child 52: 157Google Scholar
  743. Phelps DS, Floros J (1991) Localization of pulmonary surfactant proteins using immunohistochemistry and tissue in situ hybridization. Exp Lung Res 17: 985PubMedGoogle Scholar
  744. Pick T, Maurer HM, McWilliams NB (1974) Lymphoepithelioma in childhood. J Pediatr 84: 96PubMedGoogle Scholar
  745. Pinar H, Makarova N, Ruben L, Singer DB (1993) Pathology of the lung in surfactant treated neonates. Pediatr Pathol 13: 105Google Scholar
  746. Pinon JM, Poirriez J, Leroux B, Dupouy D, Quereux C, Garin JP (1987) Diagnostic précoce et surveillance de la toxoplasmose congénitale. Méthode des profils immunologiques comparés. Presse Med 16: 471Google Scholar
  747. Pison U, Lopez FA, Heidelmeyer CF, Rossaint R, Falke KJ (1993) Inhaled nitric oxide reverses hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction without impairing gas exchange. J Appl Physiol 74: 1287PubMedGoogle Scholar
  748. Polak MJ, Donnelly WH, Bucciarelli RL (1989) Comparison of airway pathologic lesions after high frequency jet or conventional ventilation. Am J Dis Child 143: 228PubMedGoogle Scholar
  749. Pollak ER, Naunheim KS, Little AG (1985) Fibromyxoma of the trachea. A review of benign tracheal tumors. Arch Pathol Lab Med 109: 926Google Scholar
  750. Polos PG, Wolfe D, Harley RA, Strange C, Sahn SA (1992) Pulmonary hypertension and human immunodeficiency virus infection. Chest 101: 474PubMedGoogle Scholar
  751. Poole JB, Marcial-Rojas PA (1971) Echinococcosis. In: MarcialRojas PA (ed) Pathology of protozoal and helminthic diseases with clinical correlation. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, p 635Google Scholar
  752. Popek EJ, Strain JD, Neumann A, Wilson H (1993) In utero development of pulmonary artery calcification in monochorionic twins: a report of three cases and discussion of the possible etiology. Pediatr Pathol 13: 597PubMedGoogle Scholar
  753. Popow-Kraupp T, Kern G, Binder C, Tuma W, Kundi M, Kung C (1986) Detection of respiratory syncytial virus in nasopharyngeal secretions by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, indirect immunofluorescence, and virus isolation: a comparative study. J Med Virol 19: 123PubMedGoogle Scholar
  754. Popper H, Kakse R, Loidolt D (1985) Problems in the differential diagnosis of Kartagener’s syndrome and ATPase deficiency. Pathol Res Pract 180: 481PubMedGoogle Scholar
  755. Porter HJ, Heryet A, Quantal AM, Fleming KA (1990) Combined non-isotopic in situ hybridisation and immunohistochemistry on routine paraffin wax embedded tissue: identification of cell type infected by human parvovirus and demonstration of cytomegalovirus DNA and antigen in renal infection. J Clin Pathol 43: 129PubMedGoogle Scholar
  756. Possmayer F (1988) Pulmonary perspective. A proposed nomenclature for pulmonary surfactant-associated proteins. Am Rev Respir Dis 138: 990PubMedGoogle Scholar
  757. Potter EL (1962) Pathology of the fetus and infant, 2nd edn. Year Book Medical Publishers, Chicago, p 492Google Scholar
  758. Powell DA, Schuit KE (1979) Acute pulmonary blastomycosis in children: clinical course and follow-up. Pediatrics 63: 736PubMedGoogle Scholar
  759. Powell HC, Elliott ML (1977) Congenital lobar emphysema. Virchows Arch [Pathol Anat] 374: 197Google Scholar
  760. Pramanik AK, Holtzman RB, Merritt TA (1993) Surfactant replacement therapy for pulmonary diseases. Pediatr Clin North Am 40: 913PubMedGoogle Scholar
  761. Pratt LW (1965) Medline cysts of the nasal dorsum: embryologic origin and treatment. Laryngoscope 75: 968PubMedGoogle Scholar
  762. Präuer HW, Mack D, Babic R (1983) Intrapulmonary teratoma 10 years after removal of a mediastinal teratoma in a young man. Thorax 38: 632PubMedGoogle Scholar
  763. Preblud SR (1986) Varicella: complications and costs. Pediatrics 78 (suppl): 728PubMedGoogle Scholar
  764. Press E, Adams WC, Chittenden RF, Christian JR, Grayson R, Stewart CC, Everist BW (1962) Co-operative kerosene poisoning study. Evaluation of gastric lavage and other factors in the treatment of accidential ingestion of petroleum distillate products. Pediatrics 29: 648Google Scholar
  765. Primhak RA, Tanner MS, Spencer RC (1993) Pneumococcal infection in the newborn. Arch Dis Child 69: 317PubMedGoogle Scholar
  766. Pruksananonda P, Breese Hall C, Insel RA, McIntyre K, Pellett PE, Long CE et al. (1992) Primary human herpesvirus 6 infection in young children. N Engl J Med 326: 1445PubMedGoogle Scholar
  767. Pryce DM (1946) Lower accessory pulmonary artery with intralobar sequestration of lung: report of 7 cases. J Pathol Bacteriol 58: 457PubMedGoogle Scholar
  768. Pryce DM (1948) The lining of healed but persistent abscess cavities in the lung with epithelium of ciliated columnar type. J Pathol 60: 259Google Scholar
  769. Pryce DM, Sellors TM, Blair LG (1947) Intralobar sequestration of lung associated with an abnormal pulmonary artery. Br J Surg 35: 18PubMedGoogle Scholar
  770. Puchhammer-Stäckl E, Kunz C, Wagner G, Enders G (1994) Detection of varicella zoster virus ( VZV) DNA in fetal tissue by polymerase chain reaction. J Perinat Med 22: 65Google Scholar
  771. Pulpeiro JR, Lopez I, Sotelo T, Ruiz JC, Garcia-Hidalgo E (1987) Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung in a young adult. Br J Radiol 60: 1128PubMedGoogle Scholar
  772. Pysher TJ, Newstein WB (1984) Ciliary dysmorphology. Perspect Pediatr Pathol 8: 101PubMedGoogle Scholar
  773. Qazi QH, Kanchanapoomi R, Beller E, Collins R (1982) Inheritance of posterior choanal atresia. Am J Med Genet 13: 413PubMedGoogle Scholar
  774. Raafat F, Salman WD, Roberts K, Ingram L, Rees R, Mann JR (1986) Carney’s triad: gastric leiomyosarcoma, pulmonary chondroma and extra-adrenal paraganglioma in young females. Histopathology 10: 1325PubMedGoogle Scholar
  775. Radoycich GE, Zuppan CW, Weeks DA, Krous HF, Langston C (1992) Patterns of measles pneumonitis. Pediatr Pathol 12: 773PubMedGoogle Scholar
  776. Rais-Bahrami K, MacDonald MG, Eng GD, Rosenbaum KN (1994) Persistent pulmonary hypertension in newborn infants with congenital myotonic dystrophy. J Pediatr 124: 634PubMedGoogle Scholar
  777. Raju TNK, Langenberg P (1993) Pulmonary hemorrhage and exogenous surfactant therapy: a metaanalysis. J Pediatr 123: 603PubMedGoogle Scholar
  778. Ramani P, Rampling D, Link M (1993) Immunocytochemical study of 12E7 in small round-cell tumours of childhood: an assessment of its sensitivity and specificity. Histopathology 23: 557PubMedGoogle Scholar
  779. Ramani P, Shah A (1993) Lymphangiomatosis. Histologic and immunohistochemical analysis of four cases. Am J Surg Pathol 17: 329Google Scholar
  780. Ramos CD, Londero AT, Gal MCL (1981) Pulmonary paracoccid- ioidomycosis in a nine year old girl. Mycopathologia 74: 15PubMedGoogle Scholar
  781. Raney RB Jr, D’Angio GT (1989) Langerhans’ cell histiocytosis (histiocytosis X): experience in the children’s hospital of Philadelphia, 1970–1984. Med Pediatr Oncol 17: 20PubMedGoogle Scholar
  782. Rayner CFJ, Rutman A, Dewar A, Cole PJ, Wilson R (1995) Ciliary disorientation in patients with chronic upper respiratory tract inflammation. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 151: 800PubMedGoogle Scholar
  783. Ratech H, Burke JS, Blayney DW, Sheibani K, Rappaport H (1989) A clinicopathologic study of malignant lymphomas of the nose, paranasal sinuses, and hard palate, including cases of lethal midline granuloma. Cancer 64: 2525PubMedGoogle Scholar
  784. Redington AN, Raine J, Shinebourne EA, Rigby ML (1990) Tetralogy of Fallot with anomalous pulmonary venous connections: a rare but clinically important association. Br Heart J 64: 325PubMedGoogle Scholar
  785. Redjaee B, Rohatgi PK, Herman MA (1990) Multicentric endobronchial granular cell myoblastoma. Chest 98: 945PubMedGoogle Scholar
  786. Reid LM (1986) Structure and function in pulmonary hypertension. New perceptions. Chest 89: 279PubMedGoogle Scholar
  787. Ricci C, Patrassi N, Massa R, Benedetti-Valentini F Jr, Mineo TC (1973) Carcinoid syndrome in bronchial adenoma. Am J Surg 126: 671PubMedGoogle Scholar
  788. Rice DH, Batsakis JG, Headington JT (1974) Fibrous histiocytomas of the nose and paranasal sinuses. Arch Otolaryngol 100: 398PubMedGoogle Scholar
  789. Rifkin RH, Blocker SH, Palmer JO, Ternberg JL (1986) Multiple granular cell tumors. A familial occurrence in children. Arch Surg 121: 945Google Scholar
  790. Risco C, Romero C, Asuncion Bosch M, Pinto Da Silva P (1994) Type II pneumocytes revisited: intracellular membranous systems, surface characteristics, and lamellar body secretion. Lab Invest 70: 407PubMedGoogle Scholar
  791. Roberts JD Jr, Shaul PW (1993) Advances in the treatment of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. Pediatr Clin North Am 40: 983PubMedGoogle Scholar
  792. Robertson B (1987) Pathology of neonatal surfactant deficiency. Perspect Pediatr Pathol 11: 6PubMedGoogle Scholar
  793. Robinson PC, Watters LC, King TE, Mason RJ (1988) Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Abnormalities in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid phospholipids. Am Rev Respir Dis 137: 585Google Scholar
  794. Roenspies U, Morin D, Gloor E, Hochstetter AR von, Saegesser F, Senning A (1978) Bronchopulmonale Hamartome, Chondrome, Fibrome and Myxome. Schweiz Med Wochenschr 108: 332Google Scholar
  795. Rogers BB, Mark Y, Oyer CE (1993) Diagnosis and incidence of fetal parvovirus infection in an autopsy series: 1 Histology. Pediatr Path 13: 371Google Scholar
  796. Rontal M, Duritz G (1977) Proboscis lateralis — case report and embryonic analysis. Laryngoscope 87: 996PubMedGoogle Scholar
  797. Rosan RC (1975) Hyaline membrane disease and a related spectrum of neonatal pneumopathies. Perspect Pediatr Pathol 2: 15PubMedGoogle Scholar
  798. Rosen N, Gaton E (1975) Congenital bronchiolitis obliterans. Beitr Pathol 155: 309PubMedGoogle Scholar
  799. Rosenak D, Ariel I, Arnon J, Diamant YZ, Chetrit AB, Nadjari M et al. (1991) Recurrent tetraamelia and pulmonary hypoplasia with multiple malformations in sibs. Am J Med Genet 38: 25PubMedGoogle Scholar
  800. Rosenberg HS, Vogler C, Close LG, Warshaw HE (1981) Laryngeal fibromatosis in the neonate. Arch Otolaryngol 107: 513PubMedGoogle Scholar
  801. Rosenblum ND, Colvin RB (1993) Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital. Case 16–1993. N Engl J Med 328: 1183Google Scholar
  802. Rosenfeld SJ, Young NS (1991) Viruses and bone marrow failure. Blood Rev 5: 71PubMedGoogle Scholar
  803. Rosenthal AF, Vargas MG, Schiff SV (1974) Comparison of four indexes of fetal pulmonary maturity. Clin Chem 20: 486PubMedGoogle Scholar
  804. Rothschild MA, Catalano P, Urken M, Brandwein M, Som P, Norton K et al. (1994) Evaluation and management of congenital cervical teratoma. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 120: 444PubMedGoogle Scholar
  805. Rottem M, Fauci AS, Hallahan CW, Kerr GS, Lebovics R, Leavitt RY et al. (1993) Wegener granulomatosis in children and adolescents: clinical presentation and outcome. J Pediatr 122: 26PubMedGoogle Scholar
  806. Roy V, Veys P, Jackson F, Ryan J, Lowdell M, Newland AC (1989) Adult respiratory syndrome following autologous bone marrow transfusion. Bone Marrow Transplant 4: 711PubMedGoogle Scholar
  807. Royall JA, Levin DL (1988) Adult respiratory distress syndrome in pediatric patients. I. Clinical aspects, pathophysiology, pathology, and mechanisms of lung injury. J Pediatr 112: 169Google Scholar
  808. Ruben FL, Talamo TS (1986) Secondary pulmonary alveolar proteinosis occurring in two patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Am J Med 80: 1187PubMedGoogle Scholar
  809. Rubinstein I, Brandon J, Mullen M, Hoffstein V (1988) Morphologic diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary alveolar lipoproteinosis — revisited. Arch Intern Med 148: 813PubMedGoogle Scholar
  810. Ruiz-Palomo F, Calleja JL, Fogue L (1990) Primary liposarcoma of the lung in a young woman. Thorax 45: 298PubMedGoogle Scholar
  811. Rupp ME, Schwartz ML, Bechard DE (1993) Measles pneumonia. Treatment of a near-fatal case with corticosteroids and vitamin A. Chest 103: 1625Google Scholar
  812. Rusch VW, Shuman WP, Schmidt R, Laramore GE (1989) Massive pulmonary hemangiopericytoma. An innovative approach to evaluation and treatment. Cancer 64: 1928Google Scholar
  813. Russler S, Tapper MA, Knox KK, Liepins A, Carrigan DR (1991) Pneumonitis associated with coinfection by human herpesvirus 6 and legionella in an immunocompetent adult. Am J Pathol 138: 1405PubMedGoogle Scholar
  814. Rutledge JC, Jensen P (1986) Acinar dysplasia: a new form of pulmonary maldevelopment. Hum Pathol 17: 1290PubMedGoogle Scholar
  815. Ryan RM, Morris RE, Rice WR, Ciraolo G, Whitsett JA (1989) Binding and uptake of pulmonary surfactant protein ( SP-A) by pulmonary type II epithelial cells. J Histochem Cytochem 37: 429Google Scholar
  816. Ryland D, Reid L (1971) Pulmonary aplasia — a quantitative analysis of the development of the single lung. Thorax 26: 602PubMedGoogle Scholar
  817. Ryan RM, Morris RE, Rice WR, Ciraolo G, Whitsett JA (1989) Binding and uptake of pulmonary surfactant protein ( SP-A) by pulmonary type II epithelial cells. J Histochem Cytochem 37: 429Google Scholar
  818. Saito F, Yutani C, Imakita M, Ishibashi—Ueda H, Kanzaki T, Chiba Y (1989) Giant cell pneumonia caused by varicella zoster virus in a neonate. Arch Pathol Lab Med 113: 201Google Scholar
  819. Salvaggio JE, de Shazo RD (1986) Pathogenesis of hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Chest 89: 1905Google Scholar
  820. Sanchez PJ (1993) Perinatal transmission of Ureaplasma urealyticum: current concepts based on review of the literature. Clin Infect Dis 17: S107PubMedGoogle Scholar
  821. Sandstrom RE, Proppe KH, Trelstad RL (1978) Fibrous histiocytoma of the trachea. Am J Clin Pathol 70: 429PubMedGoogle Scholar
  822. Sankaran K, Bhagirath CP, Bingham WT, Hjertaas R, Haight K (1983) Tracheal atresia, proximal esophageal atresia and distal tracheoesophageal fistula: report of two cases and review of literature. Pediatrics 71: 821PubMedGoogle Scholar
  823. Satoh Y, Tsuchiya E, Weng S-Y, Kitagawa T, Matsubara T, Nakagawa K et al. (1989) Pulmonary sclerosing hemangioma of the lung. A type II pneumocytoma by immunohistochemical and immunoelectron microscopic studies. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 64: 1310Google Scholar
  824. Savic B, Birtel FJ, Tholan W, Funke HD, Knoche R (1979) Lung sequestration: report of seven cases and review of 540 published cases. Thorax 34: 96PubMedGoogle Scholar
  825. Sawyer SM, Johnson PDR, Hogg GG, Robertson CF, Oppedisano F, Maclness SJ et al. (1994) Successful treatment of epiglottitis with two doses of ceftriaxone. Arch Dis Child 70: 129PubMedGoogle Scholar
  826. Sax CM, Flannery DB (1986) Craniofrontal dysplasia: clinical and genetic analysis. Clin Genet 29: 508PubMedGoogle Scholar
  827. Say B, Carpenter NJ, Giacoia G, Jegathesan S (1980) Agenesis of the lung associated with a chromosome abnormality (46,XX,2p+). J Med Genet 17: 477PubMedGoogle Scholar
  828. Scattini CM, Orsi A (1973) Multiple bilateral fibromas of the pleura. Thorax 28: 782PubMedGoogle Scholar
  829. Schapiro RL, Evans ET (1972) Surgical disorders causing neonatal respiratory distress. AJR Am J Roentgenol 114: 305Google Scholar
  830. Scheidemandel HE, Page RS (1975) Special considerations in epiglottis in children. Laryngoscope 85: 1738PubMedGoogle Scholar
  831. Schiff M, Gonzalez AM, Ong M, Baird A (1992) Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma contains an angiogenic growth factor: basic FGF. Laryngoscope 102: 940PubMedGoogle Scholar
  832. Schlech WF (1986) Listeriosis. New pieces to an old puzzle. Arch Intern Med 146: 459PubMedGoogle Scholar
  833. Schlegel RJ (1975) Chronic granulomatous disease 1974. JAMA 231: 615PubMedGoogle Scholar
  834. Schlesinger AE, Tucker GF Jr (1986) Elliptical cricoid cartilage: a unique type of congenital subglottic stenosis. Am J Radiol 146: 1133Google Scholar
  835. Schmitt FC, Filho CZ, Bacchi MM, Castilho ED, Bacchi CE (1989) Adenoid cystic carcinoma of trachea metastatic to the placenta. Hum Pathol 20: 193PubMedGoogle Scholar
  836. Schlesinger AE, Tucker GF Jr (1986) Elliptical cricoid cartilage: a unique type of congenital subglottic stenosis. Am J Radiol 146: 1133Google Scholar
  837. Schroeder SA, Shannon DC, Mark EJ (1992) Cellular interstitial pneumonitis in infants. A clinicopathologic study. Chest 101: 1065Google Scholar
  838. Schwartz DA, Ogden PO, Blumberg HM, Honig E (1990) Pulmonary malakoplakia in a patient with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Differential diagnostic considerations. Arch Pathol Lab Med 114: 1267Google Scholar
  839. Schwartz RM, Luby AM, Scanlon JW, Kellogg RJ (1994) Effect of surfactant on morbidity, mortality and resource use in newborn infants weighing 500 to 1500 g. N Engl J Med 330: 1476PubMedGoogle Scholar
  840. Scott JE, Yang S-Y, Stanik E, Anderson JE (1993) Influence of straini on [3H]thymidine incorporation, surfactant-related phospholipid synthesis, and cAMP levels in fetal type II alveolar cells. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 8: 258PubMedGoogle Scholar
  841. Scott RJ, Peat D, Rhodes CA (1994) Investigation of the fetal pulmonary inflammatory reaction in chorioamnionitis, using an in situ Y chromosome marker. Pediatr Pathol 14: 997PubMedGoogle Scholar
  842. Scowden EB, Schaffner W, Stone WJ (1978) Overwhelming strongyloidiasis: an unappreciated opportunistic infection. Medicine 57: 527PubMedGoogle Scholar
  843. Scully RE, Mark EJ, McNeely WF, McNeely BU (1992) Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital. Case 13–1992. N Engl J Med 326: 875Google Scholar
  844. Sears MR, Chang AR, Taylor AJ (1971) Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis. Thorax 26: 704PubMedGoogle Scholar
  845. Seballos RM, Klein RL (1994) Pulmonary blastoma in children: report of two cases and review of the literature. J Pediatr Surg 29: 1553PubMedGoogle Scholar
  846. Sedano HO, Cohen MM Jr, Jirasek J, Gorlin RJ (1970) Frontonasal dysplasia. J Pediatr 76: 906PubMedGoogle Scholar
  847. Seider MJ, Cleary KR, van Tassel P, Alexanian R, Schantz SP, Frias A et al. (1991) Plasma cell granuloma of the nasal cavity treated by radiation therapy. Cancer 67: 929PubMedGoogle Scholar
  848. Self JT (1969) Biological relationships of the Pentastomida: a bibliography on the Pentastomida. Exp Parasitol 24: 63PubMedGoogle Scholar
  849. Selman M, Gonzale G, Bravo M, Sullivan-Lopez J, Ramos C, Montano M et al. (1990) Effect of lung T lymphocytes on fibroblasts in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and extrinsic allergic alveolitis. Thorax 45: 451PubMedGoogle Scholar
  850. Semenzato G, Trentin L, Zambello R, Agostini C, Cipriani A, Marcer G (1988) Different types of cytotoxic lymphocytes recovered from the lungs of patients with hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Am Rev Respir Dis 137: 70PubMedGoogle Scholar
  851. Seo S, Gillin SE, Mirkin LD (1990) Hyaline membranes in post-mature infants. Pediatr Pathol 10: 539PubMedGoogle Scholar
  852. Semenzato G, Trentin L, Zambello R, Agostini C, Cipriani A, Marcer G (1988) Different types of cytotoxic lymphocytes recovered from the lungs of patients with hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Am Rev Respir Dis 137: 70PubMedGoogle Scholar
  853. Seppälä M, Aho I (1975) Physiological role of meconium during delivery. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 54: 209PubMedGoogle Scholar
  854. Sessions RB, Zarin DP, Bryan RN (1981) Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma. Am J Dis Child 135: 535PubMedGoogle Scholar
  855. Shabot JM, Patterson M (1978) Amebic liver abscess: 1966–1976. Am J Dig Dis 23: 110PubMedGoogle Scholar
  856. Shanklin DR (1959) Cardiovascular factors in development of pulmonary hyaline membrane. Arch Pathol 68: 49Google Scholar
  857. Sheffield LJ, Danks DM, Hammond JW, Hoogenradd NJ (1976) Massive pulmonary hemorrhage as a presenting feature in congenital hyperammonemia. J Pediatr 88: 450PubMedGoogle Scholar
  858. Shenai JP, Chytil F (1990) Effect of maternal vitamin-A administration on fetal lung vitamin-A stores in the perinatal rat. Biol Neonate 58: 318PubMedGoogle Scholar
  859. Sherrier RH, Chiles C, Roggli V (1989) Pulmonary lymphangi- oleiomyomatosis CT findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol 153: 937PubMedGoogle Scholar
  860. Sheth KJ, Leichter HE, Kishaba G, Cohen AH (1992) Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis in desquamative interstitial pneumonia. Child Nephrol Urol 12: 43PubMedGoogle Scholar
  861. Shi SR, Goodman ML, Bhan AK, Pilch BZ, Chen LB, Sun TT (1984) Immunohistochemical study of nasopharyngeal carcinoma using monoclonal keratin antibodies. Am J Pathol 117: 53PubMedGoogle Scholar
  862. Shikes RH, Ryder JW (1989) Case 5. Adenovirus pneumonia in a newborn. Pediatr Pathol 9: 199Google Scholar
  863. Shimizu H, Miyamura K, Kuroki Y (1991) Appearance of surfactant proteins, SP-A and Sp-B, in developing rat lung and the effects of in vivo dexamethasone treatment. Biochim Biophys Acta 1081: 53Google Scholar
  864. Shulman RJ, Langston C, Schanler RJ (1987) Pulmonary vascular lipid deposition after administration of intravenous fat to infants. Pediatrics 79: 99PubMedGoogle Scholar
  865. Shurbaji MS, Dumler JS, Gage WR, Pettis GL, Gupta PK, Kuhadja FP (1990) Immunohistochemical detection of chlamydial antigens in association with cystitis. Am J Clin Pathol 93: 363PubMedGoogle Scholar
  866. Shvero J, Hadar T, Segal K, Abraham A, Sidi J (1987) Laryngeal carcinoma in patients 40 years of age and younger. Cancer 60: 3092PubMedGoogle Scholar
  867. Sie KCY, McGill T, Healy GB (1994) Subglottic hemangioma: ten years’ experience with the carbon dioxide laser. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 103: 167PubMedGoogle Scholar
  868. Sigurs N, Bjarnason R, Sigurgergsson F, Kjellman B, Björkstén B (1995) Asthma and immunoglobulin E antibodies after respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis: a prospective cohort study with matched controls. Pediatrics 95: 500Google Scholar
  869. Silver MM, Thurston WA, Patrick JE (1988) Perinatal pulmonary hyperplasia due to laryngeal atresia. Hum Pathol 19: 110PubMedGoogle Scholar
  870. Silver MM, Vilos GA, Milne KJ (1988) Pulmonary hypoplasia in neonatal hypophosphatasia. Pediatr Pathol 8: 483PubMedGoogle Scholar
  871. Silver MM, Thurston WA, Patrick JE (1988) Perinatal pulmonary hyperplasia due to laryngeal atresia. Hum Pathol 19: 110PubMedGoogle Scholar
  872. Simon M, Kahn T, Schneider A, Pirsig W (1994) Laryngeal carcinoma in a 12-year-old child. Association with human papillomavirus 18 and 33. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 120: 277PubMedGoogle Scholar
  873. Simpson GT, Healy GB, McGill T, Strong MS (1979) Benign tumors and lesions of the larynx in children. Surgical excision by CO2 laser. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 88: 479PubMedGoogle Scholar
  874. Simpson W, Hacking PM, Court SDM, Gardner PS (1974) The radiological findings in respiratory syncytial virus infection in children. II. The correlation of radiological categories with clinical and virological findings. Pediatr Radiol 2: 155Google Scholar
  875. Sing KP, Pahor AL (1977) Congenital syst of nasopharynx. J Laryngol Otol 91: 75Google Scholar
  876. Singh W, Ramage C, Best P, Angus B (1980) Nasal neuroblastoma secreting vasopressin. A case report. Cancer 45: 961Google Scholar
  877. Sing KP, Pahor AL (1977) Congenital syst of nasopharynx. J Laryngol Otol 91: 75Google Scholar
  878. Sinniah D, Landing BH, Siegel SE, Laug WE, Gwinn JL (1986) Pulmonary alveolar septal calcinosis causing progressive respiratory failure in acute lymphoblastic leukemia in childhood. Pediatr Pathol 6: 439PubMedGoogle Scholar
  879. Sir G (1962) Bronchiolitis obliterans connata. Zentralbl Allg Pathol 103: 129PubMedGoogle Scholar
  880. Siwersson V, Kindblom LG (1984) Oncocytic carcinoid of the nasal cavity and carcinoid of the lung in a child. Pathol Res Pract 179: 562Google Scholar
  881. Skillrud DM, Martin WJ (1984) Paraquat-induced injury of type II alveolar cells. An in vitro model of oxidant injury. Am Rev Respir Dis 129: 995Google Scholar
  882. Slack MPE, Mayon-White RT (1978) Group B streptococci in pharyngeal aspirates at birth and the early detection of neonatal sepsis. Arch Dis Child 53: 540PubMedGoogle Scholar
  883. Sladen A, Zanca P, Hadnott WH (1971) Aspiration pneumonitis — the sequelae. Chest 59: 448PubMedGoogle Scholar
  884. Smith H, Congdon P (1985) Neonatal systemic candidiasis. Arch Dis Child 60: 365PubMedGoogle Scholar
  885. Smith LJ, Lawrence JB, Katzenstein A-LA (1983) Vascular sarcoidosis: a rare cause of pulmonary hypertension. Am J Med Sci 285: 38PubMedGoogle Scholar
  886. Smith RJH, Smith MCF, Glossop LP, Bailey CM, Evans JNG (1984) Congenital vascular anomalies causing tracheoe sophageal compression. Arch Otolaryngol 110: 82PubMedGoogle Scholar
  887. Smith SB, Schwartzman M, Mencia F, Blum EB, Krogstad D, Nitzkin J, Healy GR (1977) Fatal disseminated strongyloidiasis presenting as acute abdominal distress in an urban child. J Pediatr 91: 607PubMedGoogle Scholar
  888. Smith JD, Cotton R, Meyer CM (1990a) Subglottic cysts in the premature infant. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 116: 479PubMedGoogle Scholar
  889. Smith C, Feldman C, Levy H, Kallenbach JM, Zwi S (1990b) Cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis. A study of an indigenous African population. Respiration 57: 364Google Scholar
  890. Smyth RL, Carty H, Thomas H, van Velzen D, Heaf D (1994) Diagnosis of interstitial lung disease by a percutaneous lung biopsy sample. Arch Dis Child 70: 143PubMedGoogle Scholar
  891. Sobonya RE, Quan SF, Fleishman JS (1985) Pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis: quantitative analysis of lesions producing airflow limitation. Hum Pathol 16: 1122PubMedGoogle Scholar
  892. Soler P, Kambouchner M, Valeyre D, Hance AJ (1992) Pulmonary Langerhans cell granulomatosis (histiocytosis X). Annu Rev Med 43: 105PubMedGoogle Scholar
  893. Som PM, Nagel BD, Feuerstein SS, Strauss L (1979) Benign pleomorphic adenoma of the larynx. A case report. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 88: 112Google Scholar
  894. Sotomayor JL, Godinez RI, Borden S, Wilmott RW (1986) Large-airway collapse due to acquired tracheobronchomalacia in infancy. Am J Dis Child 140: 367PubMedGoogle Scholar
  895. Spagnolo DV, Papadimitriou JP, Archer M (1984) Postirradiation malignant fibrous histiocytoma arising in juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma and producing al-antitrypsin. Histopathology 8: 339PubMedGoogle Scholar
  896. Speich R, Jenni R, Opravil M, Pfab M, Russi EW (1991) Primary pulmonary hypertension in HIV infection. Chest 100: 1268PubMedGoogle Scholar
  897. Speich R, Jenni R, Opravil M, Pfab M, Russi EW (1991) Primary pulmonary hypertension in HIV infection. Chest 100: 1268PubMedGoogle Scholar
  898. Spencer H (1961) Pulmonary blastoma. J Pathol Bactriol 82: 161Google Scholar
  899. Spencer H (1977a) Congenital abnormalities of the lung, pulmonary vessels and lymphatics. In: Spencer H (ed) Pathology of the lung, vol I. Pergamon, Oxford, p 71Google Scholar
  900. Spencer H (1977b) Congenital abnormalities of the lung, pulmonary vessels and lymphatics. In: Spencer H (ed) Pathology of the lung, vol. I. Pergamon, Oxford, p 87Google Scholar
  901. Spencer H, Dail DH, Arneaud J (1980) Non-invasive bronchial epithelial papillary tumors. Cancer 45: 1486PubMedGoogle Scholar
  902. Spickard A III, Hirschmann JV (1994) Exogenous lipoid pneumonia. Arch Intern Med 154: 686PubMedGoogle Scholar
  903. Stahl RS, Jurkiewicz MJ (1985) Congenital posterior choanal atresia. Pediatrics 76: 429PubMedGoogle Scholar
  904. Stallmach T, Karolyi L (1994) Augmentation of fetal granulopoiesis with chlorioamnionitis during the second trimester of gestation. Hum Pathol 25: 244PubMedGoogle Scholar
  905. Stanley RJ, Scheithauer BW, Weiland LH, Neel HB III (1987) Neural and neuroendocrine tumors of the larynx. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 96: 823Google Scholar
  906. Stark AR, Mark EJ (1992) A Full-Term Newborn Boy with Chronic Respiratory Distress. N.E.J.M. 326: 875Google Scholar
  907. Statz T, Lynch J, Ortmann M, Roth B (1989) Tracheal agenesis: a case report. Eur J Pediatr 149: 203PubMedGoogle Scholar
  908. Steinkamp G, Müller KM, Schirg E, von der Hardt H (1990) Fibrosing alveolitis in childhood. A long-term follow-up. Acta Paediatr Scand 79: 823Google Scholar
  909. Stell PM, Maran AGD (1975) Laryngocele. J Laryngol Otol 89: 915Google Scholar
  910. Stephanopoulos C, Catsaras H (1963) Myxosarcoma complicating a cystic hamartoma of the lung. Thorax 18: 44Google Scholar
  911. Stocker JT (1986) Pathologic features of long-standing “healed” bronchopulmonary dysplasia: A study of 28 3- to 40-month-old infants. Hum Pathol 17: 943PubMedGoogle Scholar
  912. Stocker JT (1987) Case 6 postinfarction peripheral cysts of the lung. Pediatr Pathol 7: 111PubMedGoogle Scholar
  913. Stocker JT (1994) Congenital and Development Diseases. In Dail DH and Hammar SP Eds: Pulmonary Pathology 2ed p 155 Springer VerlagGoogle Scholar
  914. Stocker JT, Kagan-Hallet K (1979) Extralobar pulmonary sequestration. Analysis of 15 cases. Am J Clin Pathol 72: 917PubMedGoogle Scholar
  915. Stocker JT, Madewell JE, (1977) Persistent interstitial pulmonary emphysema: another complication of the respiratory distress syndrome. Pediatrics 59: 847PubMedGoogle Scholar
  916. Stocker JT, Madewell JE, Drake RM (1977) Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung. Classification and morphologic spectrum. Hum Pathol 8: 155Google Scholar
  917. Stocker JT, Drake RM, Madewell JE (1978) Cystic and congenital lung disease in the newborn. Perspect Pediatr Pathol 4: 93PubMedGoogle Scholar
  918. Stone FJ, Churg AM (1977) The ultrastructure of pulmonary hamartoma. Cancer 39: 1064PubMedGoogle Scholar
  919. Straumann Kunz U, Pospischil A, Paccaud MF (1991) Immunohistochemical detection of chlamydiae in formalinfixed tissue sections: comparison of a monoclonal antibody with yolk derived antibodies ( IgY ). J Vet Med B38: 292Google Scholar
  920. Strauss RG, Bove KE (1975) Fever, shock and hepatomegaly in a 13-month-old boy. J Pediatr 87: 819PubMedGoogle Scholar
  921. Strauss M, Widome MD, Roland PS (1981) Nasopharyngeal hemangioma causing airway obstruction in infancy. Laryngoscope 91: 1365PubMedGoogle Scholar
  922. Stringer JR (1993) The identity of Pneumocystis carinii: not a single protozoan, but a diverse group of exotic fungi. Infect Agents Dis 2: 109PubMedGoogle Scholar
  923. Strunge P (1972) Infantile lobar emphysema with lobar agenesia and congenital heart disease. Acta Paediatr Scand 61: 209PubMedGoogle Scholar
  924. Strunk RC, Eidlen DM, Mason RJ (1988) Pulmonary alveolar type II epithelial cells synthesize and secrete proteins of the classical and alternative complement pathways. J Clin Invest 81: 1419PubMedGoogle Scholar
  925. Sturgess JM, Turner JAP (1984) Ultrastructural pathology of cilia in the immotile cilia syndrome. Perspect Pediatr Pathol 8: 133PubMedGoogle Scholar
  926. Sturgess JM, Chao J, Turner JAP (1980) Transposition of ciliary microtubules. Another cause of impaired ciliary motility. N Engl J Med 303: 318Google Scholar
  927. Sturgess JM, Thompson MW, Czegledy-Nagy E, Turner JAP (1986) Genetic aspects of immotile cilia syndrome. Am J Med Genet 25: 149PubMedGoogle Scholar
  928. Sueishi K, Watanabe T, Tanaka K, Shin H (1974) Intrauterine bronchiolitis obliterans: report of an autopsy case and review of the literature. Virchows Arch [Pathol Anat] 362: 223Google Scholar
  929. Suissa S, Ernst P, Boivin J-F, Horwitz RI, Habbick B, Cockroft D et al. (1994) A cohort analysis of excess mortality in asthma and the use of inhaled /3-agonists. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 149: 604PubMedGoogle Scholar
  930. Sulayman R, Thilenius O, Replogie R, Arcilla RA (1975) Unilateral emphysema in total anomalous pulmonary venous return. J Pediatr 87: 433PubMedGoogle Scholar
  931. Sun B, Curstedt T, Robertson B (1993) Surfactant inhibition in experimental meconium aspiration. Acta Paediatr 82: 182PubMedGoogle Scholar
  932. Sun C-C J, Duara S (1985) Fatal adenovirus pneumonia in two newborn infants, one case caused by adenovirus type 30. Pediatr Pathol 4: 247PubMedGoogle Scholar
  933. Sun B, Curstedt T, Robertson B (1993) Surfactant inhibition in experimental meconium aspiration. Acta Paediatr 82: 182PubMedGoogle Scholar
  934. Svare J, Andersen LF, Langhoff-Roos J, Madsen H, Bruun B (1991) Maternal — fetal listeriosis: 2 case reports. Gynecol Obstet Invest 31: 179PubMedGoogle Scholar
  935. Swaminathan S, Quinn J, Stabile MW, Bader D, Platzker ACG, Keens TG (1989) Long-term pulmonary sequelae of meconium aspiration syndrome. J Pediatr 114: 356PubMedGoogle Scholar
  936. Synder R, Perzin K (1972) Papillomatosis of the naval cavity and paranasal sinuses (inverted papilloma, squamous papilloma). A clinico-pathologic study. Cancer 30: 668Google Scholar
  937. Szalay GC, Bledsoe RC (1972) Congenital dermoid cyst and fistula of the nose. Am J Dis Child 124: 392PubMedGoogle Scholar
  938. Takahashi T, Takahashi Y, Nio M (1994) Remodeling of the alveolar structure in the paraquat lung of humans: a morphometric study. Hum Pathol 25: 702PubMedGoogle Scholar
  939. Tan-Liu NS, Matsubara O, Grillo HC, Mark EJ (1989) Invasive fibrous tumor of the tracheobronchial tree: clinical and pathologic study of seven cases. Hum Pathol 20: 180PubMedGoogle Scholar
  940. Taxy JB (1977) Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma. An ultra-structural study. Cancer 39: 1044PubMedGoogle Scholar
  941. Taxy, JB (1990) Meningioma of the paranasal sinuses. A report of two cases. Am J Surg Pathol 14: 82Google Scholar
  942. Taxy JB, Bharani NK, Mills SE, Frierson HF, Gould VE (1986) The spectrum of olfactory neural tumors. A light-microscopic immunohistochemical and ultrastructural analysis. Am J Surg Pathol 10: 687Google Scholar
  943. Taylor BW, Erich JB (1967) Dermoid cysts of the nose. Mayo Clin Proc 42: 488Google Scholar
  944. Tazelaar HD, Yousem SA (1988) The pathology of combined heart—lung transplantation: an autopsy study. Hum Pathol 19: 1403PubMedGoogle Scholar
  945. Telzak EE, Cote RJ, Gold JWM, Campbell SW, Armstrong D (1990) Extrapulmonary Pneumocystis carinii infections. Scand J Infect Dis 12: 380Google Scholar
  946. Templer J, Hast M, Thomas JR, Davis WE (1981) Congenital laryngeal stridor secondary to flaccid epiglottis, anomalous accessory cartilages and redundant aryepiglottic folds. Laryngoscope 91: 394PubMedGoogle Scholar
  947. Tenner AJ, Robinson SL, Borchelt J, Wright JR (1989) Human pulmonary surfactant protein (SP-A), a protein structurally homologous to Clq, can enhance FcR- and CR1-mediated phagocytosis. J Biol Chem 264: 13923PubMedGoogle Scholar
  948. Thaller S, Fried MP, Goodman ML (1985) Symptomatic solitary granular cell tumor of the trachea. Chest 88: 925PubMedGoogle Scholar
  949. Tharrington CL, Bossen EH (1992) Nasopharyngeal teratomas. Arch Pathol Lab Med 116: 165PubMedGoogle Scholar
  950. Thawley SE, Osborn DA (1974) Granular cell myoblastoma of the larynx. Laryngoscope 84: 1545PubMedGoogle Scholar
  951. Thompson EN, Soothill JF (1970) Chronic granulomatous disease: quantitative clinico-pathological relationships. Arch Dis Child 45: 24PubMedGoogle Scholar
  952. Thompson AB III, Spurzem JR, Rennard SI (1992) Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Immunol Allergy Clin North Am 12: 401Google Scholar
  953. Thornton CM, Halliday HL, O’Hara MD (1994) Surfactant replacement therapy in preterm neonates — a comparison of post mortem pulmonary histology in treated and untreated infants. Paediat Pathol 14: 945–953Google Scholar
  954. Thorpe-Beeston JG, Nicolaides KH (1994) Cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung: prenatal diagnosis and outcome. Prenatal Diagnos 14: 677Google Scholar
  955. Thulliez P, Daffos F, Forestier F (1992) Diagnosis of Toxoplasma infection in the pregnant woman and the unborn child: current problems. Scand J Infect Dis 84: 18Google Scholar
  956. Tizzano EF (1993) Recent advances in cystic fibrosis research. J Pediatr 122: 985PubMedGoogle Scholar
  957. Tizzano EF, Buchwald M (1992) Cystic fibrosis: beyond the gene to therapy. J Pediatr 120: 337PubMedGoogle Scholar
  958. Tomashefski JF Jr, Abramowsky CR, Chung Park M, Wisniewska J, Bruce MC (1992) Immunofluorescence studies of lung tissue in cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Pathol 12: 313PubMedGoogle Scholar
  959. Tomashefski JF Jr, Butler T, Islam M (1989) Histopathology and etiology of childhood pneumonia: an autopsy study of 93 patients in Bangladesh. Pathology 21: 71PubMedGoogle Scholar
  960. Toran N, Ruiz de Miguel C, Reig J, Garcia-Bonaf M (1989) Lobar emphysema associated with patent ductus arteriosus and pulmonary obstructive vascular disease. Pediatr Pathol 9: 163Google Scholar
  961. Toriello HV, Bauserman SC (1985) Bilateral pulmonary agenesis: association with the hydrolethalus syndrome and review of the literature from a development field perspective. Am J Med Genet 21: 93PubMedGoogle Scholar
  962. Toriello HV, Higgins JV, Jones AS, Radecki LL (1985) Pulmonary and diaphragmatic agenesis: report of affected sibs. Am J Med Genet 21: 87PubMedGoogle Scholar
  963. Torikata C, Kawai T, Nogawa S, Ikeda K, Shimizu K, Kijimoto C (1991) Nine Japanese patients with immotile—dyskinetic cilia syndrome: an ultrastructural study using tannic acid-containing fixation. Hum Pathol 22: 830PubMedGoogle Scholar
  964. Torriani R, Zimmermann A, Morell A (1979) Die BCG-Sepsis als letale Komplikation der BCG-Impfung. Schweiz Med Wochenschr 109: 708PubMedGoogle Scholar
  965. Tos M, Mogensen C, Thomsen J (1977) Nasal polyps in cystic fibrosis. J Laryngol Otol 91: 827PubMedGoogle Scholar
  966. Townsend GL, Neel HB III, Weiland LH, Devine KD, McBean JB (1973) Fibrous histiocytoma of the paranasal sinuses. Report of a case. Arch Otolaryngol 98: 51Google Scholar
  967. Travis WD, Borok Z, Roum JH, Zhang J, Feuerstein I, Ferrans VJ et al. (1993) Pulmonary Langerhans’ cell granulomatosis (histiocytosis X). A clinicopathologic study of 48 cases. Am J Surg Pathol 17: 971PubMedGoogle Scholar
  968. Travis WD, Carpenter HA, Lie JT (1987) Diffuse pulmonary hemorrhage. An uncommon manifestation of Wegener’ s granulomatosis. Am J Surg Pathol I l: 702Google Scholar
  969. Travis WD, Colby TV, Lombard C, Carpenter HA (1990) A clinicopathologic study of 34 cases of diffuse pulmonary hemorrhage with lung biopsy confirmation. Am J Surg Pathol 14: 1112PubMedGoogle Scholar
  970. Travis WD, Pittaluga S, Lipschik GY, Ognibene FP, Suffredini AF, Masur H et al. (1990) Atypical pathologic manifestations of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in the acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Am J Surg Pathol 14: 615PubMedGoogle Scholar
  971. Travis WD, Fox CH, Devaney KO, Weiss LM, O’Leary T, Ognibene FP et al. (1992) Lymphoid pneumonitis in 50 adult patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus: lymphocytic interstitial pneumonitis versus nonspecific interstitial pneumonitis. Hum Pathol 23: 529PubMedGoogle Scholar
  972. Trinca M, Rey C, Breviere GM, Vaksmann G, Francart C, Dupuis C (1993) Familial scimitar syndrome. Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss 86: 635PubMedGoogle Scholar
  973. Trompeter R, Yu VYH, Aynsley-Green A, Roberton NRC (1975) Massive pulmonary haemorrhage in the newborn infant. Arch Dis Child 50: 123PubMedGoogle Scholar
  974. Tsokos M (1992) Peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumors. Diagnosis, classification, a prognosis. Perspect Pediatr Pathol 16: 27PubMedGoogle Scholar
  975. Turkel SB, Mapp JR (1983) A ten-year retrospective study of pink and yellow neonatal hyaline membrane disease. Pediatrics 72: 170PubMedGoogle Scholar
  976. Tyler DC (1985) Laryngeal cleft: report of eight patients and a review of the literature. Am J Med Genet 21: 61PubMedGoogle Scholar
  977. Ucan ES, Keyf AI, Aydilek R, Yalcin Z, Sebit S, Kudu M et al. (1993) Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis review of Turkish reports. Thorax 48: 171PubMedGoogle Scholar
  978. Ueda K, Gruppo R, Unger F, Martin L, Bove K (1977) Rhabdomyosarcoma of lung arising in congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation. Cancer 40: 383PubMedGoogle Scholar
  979. Ulbright TM, Katzenstein ALA (1980) Solitary necrotizing granulomas of the lung. Differentiating features and etiology. Am J Surg Pathol 4: 13Google Scholar
  980. Umene K, Nunoue T (1993) Partial nucleotide sequencing and characterization of human parvovirus B19 genome DNAs from damaged human fetuses and from patients with leukemia. J Med Virol 39: 333PubMedGoogle Scholar
  981. Unger L (1952) The recognitioin of nonallergic asthma. Dis Chest 22: 671PubMedGoogle Scholar
  982. Usui Y, Takayama S, Nakayama M, Miura H, Kimula Y (1992) Case report of desquamative interstitial pneumonia: documentation of preserved pulmonary function after twelve clinical relapses. Respiration 59: 112PubMedGoogle Scholar
  983. Uyama T, Monden Y, Harada K, Sumitomo M, Kimura S (1988) Pulmonary leiomyomatosis showing endobronchial extension and giant cyst formation. Chest 94: 644PubMedGoogle Scholar
  984. Valderrama E, Saluja G, Shende A, Lanzkowsky P, Berkman J (1978) Pulmonary blastoma. Report of two cases in children. Am J Surg Pathol 2: 415Google Scholar
  985. Valdes-Dapena MA, Arey JB (1967) Pulmonary emboli of cerebral origin in the newborn: a report of two cases. Arch Pathol 84: 643PubMedGoogle Scholar
  986. Valdes-Dapena MA, Nissim JE, Arey JB, Godleski J, Schaaf HD, Haust MD (1976) Yellow pulmonary hyaline membranes. J Pediatr 89: 128PubMedGoogle Scholar
  987. Vale JA, Meredith TJ, Buckley BM (1987) Paraquat poisoning: clinical features and immediate general management. Hum Toxicol 6: 41PubMedGoogle Scholar
  988. Valli M, Fabris GA, Dewar A, Hornall D, Sheppard MN (1994) Atypical carcinoid tumour of the lung: a study of 33 cases with prognostic features. Histopathology 24: 363PubMedGoogle Scholar
  989. Van Asperen PP, Seeto I, Cass DT (1986) Acquired tracheooesophageal fistula after ingestion of a mercury button-battery. Med J Anat 145: 413Google Scholar
  990. Van Dijk C, Wagenvoort CA (1973) The various types of congeni- tal adenomatoid malformation of the lung. J Pathol 110: 131PubMedGoogle Scholar
  991. Van Golde LMG, Batenburg JJ, Robertson B (1988) The pulmonary surfactant system: biochemical aspects and functional significance. Physiol Rev 68: 374PubMedGoogle Scholar
  992. Van Klaveren RJ, Hassing HHM, Wierama-van Tilburg JM, Lacquet LK, Cox AL (1994) Mesenchymal cystic haematoma of the lung: a rare cause of relapsing pneumothorax. Thorax 49: 1175PubMedGoogle Scholar
  993. van Kreel BK (1991) Estimation of fetal lung maturity by assessment of lamellar body particle concentration. Ann Clin Biochem 28: 574PubMedGoogle Scholar
  994. Van Lierde S, Corbeel L, Eggermont E (1989) Clinical and laboratory findings in children with adenovirus infections. Eur J Pediatr 148: 423PubMedGoogle Scholar
  995. Van Lierde S, Cornelis A, Devlieger H, Moerman P, Lauweryns J, Eggermont E (1991) Different patterns of pulmonary sequelae after hyaline membrane disease: heterogeneity of bronchopulmonary dysplasia? Biol Neonate 60: 152PubMedGoogle Scholar
  996. Van Maarsseven AC MTh, Mullink H, Alons CL, Stam J (1986) Distribution of T-lymphocyte subsets in different portions of sarcoid granulomas: immunohistologic analysis with monoclonal antibodies. Hum Pathol 17: 493PubMedGoogle Scholar
  997. Vassilopoulou-Sellin R, Klein MJ, Smith TH, Samaan NA, Frankenthaler RA, Goepfert H et al (1993) Pulmonary metastases in children and young adults with differentiated thyroid cancer. Cancer 71: 1348PubMedGoogle Scholar
  998. Veliath AJ, Khanna KK, Subhas BS, Ramakrishnan MR, Aurora AL (1977) Primary lymphosarcoma of the lung with unusual features. Thorax 32: 632PubMedGoogle Scholar
  999. Venkatesh VC, Iannuzzi DM, Ertsey R, Ballard PL (1993) Differential glucocorticoid regulation of the pulmonary hydrophobic surfactant proteins SP-B and SP-C. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 8: 222PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1000. Vera—Roman JM, Sobonya RE, Gomez—Garcia JL, Sanz—Bondia JR, Paris—Romeu F (1983) Leiomyoma of the lung. Literature review and case report. Cancer 52: 936Google Scholar
  1001. Verbeken EK, Demedts M, Vanwing J, Deneff G, Lauweryns JM (1989) Pulmonary phospholipid accumulation distal to an obstructed bronchus. Arch Pathol Lab Med 113: 886PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1002. Verlaat CWM, Peters HM, Senunekrot BA, Wiersma-van Tilburg JM (1994) Congenital pulmonary lymphangiectases presenting as a unilateral hyperlucent lung. Eur J Pediatr 153: 202PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1003. Verra F, Fleury-Feith J, Boucherat M, Pinchon M-C, Bignon J, Escudier E (1993) Do nasal ciliary changes reflect bronchial changes? An ultrastructural study. Am Rev Respir Dis 147: 908PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1004. Viale G, Codecasa L, Bulgheroni P, Giobbi A, Madonissi E, Dell’Orto P, Coggi G (1986) T-cell subsets in sarcoidosis: an immunocytochemical investigation of blood, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and prescalemic lymphnodes from eight patients. Hum Pathol 17: 476PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1005. Vincent A, Vodoz JF, Lenenberger P (1987) Pulmonary lymphangiomyomatosis and angiomyolipoma. A proposal of 2 cases. Schweiz Med Wochenschr 117: 958PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1006. Vitale VJ, Saiman L, Haddad J Jr (1993) Herpes laryngitis and tracheitis causing respiratory distress in a neonate. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 119: 239PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1007. Vohr BR, Coll CG, Lobato D, Yunis KA, O’Dea C, Oh W (1991) Neurodevelopmental and medical status of low-birthweight survivors of bronchopulmonary dysplasia at 10 to 12 years of age. Dev Med Child Neurol 33: 690PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1008. Volk MS, Tucker GF Jr (1987) Congenital laryngeal anomalies associated with tracheal agenesis. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 96: 505PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1009. Volk BW, Adachi M, Schneck L (1975) The gangliosidoses. Hum Pathol 6: 555PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1010. Voorhout WF, Veenendaal T, Haagsman HP, Verkleij AJ, von Golde LMG, Geuze HJ (1991) Surfactant protein A is localized at the corners of the pulmonary tubular myelin lattice. J Histochem Cytochem 39: 1331PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1011. Wailoo MP, Emery JL (1979) The trachea in children with tracheo-oesophageal fistula. Histopathology 3: 329PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1012. Waites KB, Crouse DT, Cassell GH (1993) Systemic neonatal infection due to Ureaplasma urealyticum. Clin Infect Dis 17: S131PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1013. Waites KB, Crouse DT, Philips JB III, Canupp KC, Cassell GH (1989) Ureaplasmal pneumonia and sepsis associated with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. Pediatrics 83: 79PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1014. Wall CP, Goff AM, Carrington CB, Gaensler EA (1979) Lymphomatoid granulomatosis. Case report from the thoracic services. Boston University Medical School. Respiration 38: 332Google Scholar
  1015. Waites KB, Crouse DT, Philips JB III, Canupp KC, Cassell GH (1989) Ureaplasmal pneumonia and sepsis associated with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. Pediatrics 83: 79PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1016. Walsh-Sukys M, Stork EK, Martin RJ (1994) Neonatal ECMO: iron lung of the 1990s? J Pediatr 124: 427PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1017. Walti H, Tordet C, Gerbaut L, Saugier P, Moriette G, Relier JP (1989) Persistent elastase/proteinase inhibitor imbalance during prolonged ventilation of infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia: evidence for the role of nosocomial infections. Pediatr Res 26: 351PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1018. Walton JC, Silver M, Chance GW, Vilos GA (1985) Laryngeal atresia, pleurodesis, and diaphragmatic hypertrophy in a newborn infant with findings relevant to fetal lung development. Pediatr Pathol 5: 1Google Scholar
  1019. Walzer PD (1991a) Pneumocystis carinii — new clinical spectrum? N Engl J Med 324: 263Google Scholar
  1020. Walzer PD (1991b) Immunopathogenesis of Pneumocystis carinii infection. J Lab Clin Med 118: 206PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1021. Wang NS, Huang SN, Thurlbeck WM (1970) Combined Pneumocystis carinii and cytomegalovirus infection. Arch Pathol 90: 529PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1022. Walzer PD (1991b) Immunopathogenesis of Pneumocystis carinii infection. J Lab Clin Med 118: 206PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1023. Wang LT, Wilkins EW Jr, Bode HH (1993b) Bronchial carcinoid tumors in pediatric patients. Chest 103: 1426PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1024. Ward KN, Gray JJ (1994) Primary human herpesvirus-6 infection is frequently overlooked as a cause of febrile fits in young children. J Med Virol 42: 119PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1025. Wafter A, Satge D, Roeslin N (1987) Angioinvasive plasma cell granulomas of the lung. Cancer 59: 435Google Scholar
  1026. Wayoff M, Labaeye P (1973) Sarcome botryoide du larynx chez un garcon de 10 ans. J Fr Otorhinolaryngol 22: 349Google Scholar
  1027. Weaver TE (1991) Surfactant proteins and SP-D. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 5: 4PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1028. Webber S, Wilkinson AR, Lindsell D, Hope PL, Dobson SRM, Isaacs D (1990) Neonatal pneumonia. Arch Dis Child 65: 207PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1029. Webber S, Wilkinson AR, Lindsell D, Hope PL, Dobson SRM, Isaacs D (1990) Neonatal pneumonia. Arch Dis Child 65: 207PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1030. Weber AL, Grillo HC (1978) Tracheal tumours. A radiological, clinical and pathological evaluation of 84 cases. Radiol Clin North Am 16: 227PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1031. Weber TR, Connors RH, Tracy TF Jr (1991) Acquired tracheal stenosis in infants and children. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 102: 29PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1032. Weis JW, Winter MW, Phylikiy RL, Bonke PM (1986) Peripheral T-cell lymphomas: histologic immunohistologic and clinical characterization. Mayo Clin Proc 61: 411PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1033. Weiss LM, Yousem SA, Warnke RA (1985) Non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas of the lung. A study of 19 cases emphasizing the utility of frozen section immunologic studies in differential diagnosis. Am J Surg Pathol 9: 480PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1034. Weiss LM, Movahed LA, Berry GJ, Billingham ME (1990) In situ hybridization studies for viral nucleic acids in heart and lung allograft biopsies. Am J Clin Pathol 93: 675PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1035. Wellons HA Jr, Eggleston P, Golden GT, Allen MS (1976) Bronchial adenoma in childhood. Two case reports and review of literature. Am J Dis Child 130: 301Google Scholar
  1036. Wells TR, Landing BH, Shamszadeh M, Thompson JW, Bove KE, Caron KH (1992) Association of Down syndrome and segmental tracheal stenosis with ring tracheal cartilages: a review of nine cases. Pediatr Pathol 12: 673PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1037. Wenig BM, Hyams VJ, Heffner DK (1988) Nasopharyngeal papillary adenocarcinoma. A clinicopathologic study of a low-grade carcinoma. Am J Surg Pathol 12: 946Google Scholar
  1038. Westgren LMR, Malcus P, Svenningsen NW (1986) Intrauterine asphyxia and long-term outcome in preterm fetuses. Obstet Gynecol 67: 512PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1039. Whalen TV, Albin DM, Woolley MN (1987) Esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula in the twin. Anatomic variants. Ann Surg 205: 322Google Scholar
  1040. Wheat LJ, French MLV, Wass JL (1989) Sarcoidlike manifestations of histoplasmosis. Arch Intern Med 149: 2421PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1041. White CW, Sondheimer HM, Crouch EC, Wilson H, Fan LL (1989) Treatment of pulmonary hemangiomatosis with recombinant interferon a2a. N Engl J Med 320: 1197Google Scholar
  1042. Whitewell F, Scott J, Grimshaw M (1977) Relationship between occupations and asbestos-fibre content of the lungs in patients with pleural mesothelioma, lung cancer and other diseases. Thorax 32: 377Google Scholar
  1043. Wigglesworth JS, Keith IH, Girling DJ, Slade SA (1976) Hyaline membrane disease, alkali and intraventricular haemorrhage. Arch Dis Child 51: 755PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1044. Wigglesworth JS, Desai R, Hislop AA (1987) Fetal lung growth in congenital laryngeal atresia. Pediatr Pathol 7: 515PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1045. Wigglesworth JS, Hislop AA, Desai R (1991) Biochemical and morphometric analyses in hypoplastic lungs. Pediatr Pathol 11: 537 William CL, Busque L, Griffith B, Favara BE, McClain KL, Duncan MH et al. (1994) Langerhans cell histiocytosis (histiocytosis X) — a clonal proliferative disease. N Engl J Med 331: 154Google Scholar
  1046. Williams RI (1960) Modem concepts in the clinical management of allergy in otolaryngology. Ann Otol 76: 1389Google Scholar
  1047. Williams HL, Williams RI (1969) The therapeutic implications of the hypothesis of allergic hypersensitivity as a dysfunction of the intracellular immune mechanisms. Ann Allergy 27: 434Google Scholar
  1048. Williams A, Vawter G, Reid L (1979) Increased muscularity of the pulmonary circulation in victims of sudden infant death syndrome. Pediatrics 63: 18PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1049. Williams A, Baskerville A, Dowsett AB, Conlan JW (1987) Immunocytochemical demonstration of the association between Legionella pneumophila, its tissue-destructive protease, and pulmonary lesions in experimental legionnaires’ disease. J Pathol 153: 257PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1050. Winestock DP, Burdett PC, Sondheimer FK (1978) Benign nasal polyps causing bone destruction in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. Laryngoscope 88: 675PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1051. Winn RE, Kollef MH, Meyer JI (1994) Pulmonary involvement in the hypereosinophilic syndrome. Chest 105: 656PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1052. Winther LK (1978) Congenital choanal atresia. Anatomic, physiological and therapeutic aspects, especially the endonasal approach under endoscopie vision. Arch Otolaryngol 104: 72PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1053. Wirtz H, Schmidt M (1992) Ventilation and secretion of pulmonary surfactant. Clin Invest 70: 3Google Scholar
  1054. Wiswell TE, Clark RH, Null DM, Kuehl TJ, deLemos RA, Coalson JJ (1988) Tracheal and bronchial injury in high-frequency oscillatory ventilation and high-frequency flow interruption compared with conventional positive-pressure ventilation. J Pediatr 112: 249PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1055. Wiswell TE, Bent RC (1993) Meconium staining and the meconium aspiration syndrome. Unresolved issues. Pediatr Clin N Amer 40: 955Google Scholar
  1056. Wiswell TE, Turner BS, Bley JA, Fritz DL, Hunt RE (1989) Determinants of tracheobronchial histologic alterations during conventional mechanical ventilation. Pediatrics 84: 304PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1057. Witwer JP, Tampas JP (1973) Tracheal fibroxanthoma in a child. Postgrad Med 54: 228Google Scholar
  1058. Wohl MEB, Chernick V (1978) Bronchiolitis. Am Rev Resper Dis 118: 759Google Scholar
  1059. Wollner N, Burchenal JH, Lieberman PH, Exelby PR, D’Angio GJ, Murphy ML (1976) Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma in children. Med Pediatr Oncol 1: 235Google Scholar
  1060. Wood NL, Coltman CA Jr (1973) Localized primary extranodal Hodgkin’s disease. Ann Intern Med 78: 113PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1061. Woodruff AW (1975) Diseases of travel with particular reference to tropical diseases. Postgrad Med J 51: 825PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1062. Wreghitt TG, Gandy GM, King A, Sutehall G (1984) Fatal neonatal Echo 7 virus infection. Lancet 11: 465Google Scholar
  1063. Wright DH (1970) Microscopic features, histochemistry, histogenesis and diagnosis. In: Burkitt DP, Wright D (eds) Burkitt’s lymphoma. Livingstone, Edinburgh, p 82Google Scholar
  1064. Wright JE, Butt HL (1994) Perinatal infection with beta haemolytic streptococcus. Arch Dis Child 70: 145PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1065. Wright JR, Clements JA (1987) Metabolism and turnover of lung surfactant. Am Rev Respir Dis 135: 426Google Scholar
  1066. Wu JP, Gilbert EF, Pellett JR (1974) Pulmonary liposarcoma in a child with adrenogenital syndrome. Am J Clin Pathol 62: 791PubMedGoogle Scholar