Basic Nordic Sleep Questionnaire (BNSQ)

  • Azmeh Shahid
  • Kate Wilkinson
  • Shai Marcu
  • Colin M. Shapiro
Chapter

Abstract

A standardized questionnaire to assess a variety of sleep complaints, the BNSQ consists of 27 items in 21 different questions and queries a wide range of sleep complaints, including difficulties initiating and maintaining sleep, subjective sleep quality, the use of medication to induce sleep, excessive daytime sleepiness, napping, snoring, and general sleep habits [1].

References

  1. 1.
    Partinen, M., & Gislason, T. (1995). Basic Nordic sleep questionnaire (BNSQ): a quantitated measure of subjective sleep complaints. Journal of Sleep Research, 4(S1), 150–155.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Janson, C., De Backer, W., Gislason, T., Plaschke, P., Bjornsson, E., Hetta, J., Kristbjarnarson, H., Vermeire, P., & Boman, G. (1996). Increased prevalence of sleep disturbances and daytime sleepiness in subjects with bronchial asthma: a population study of young adults in three European countries. European Respiratory Journal, 9, 2132–2138.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sarti, C. D., Chiantera, A., Graziottin, A., Ognisanti, F., Sidoli, C., Mincigrucci, M., & Parazzini, F. (2005). Hormone therapy and sleep quality in women around menopause. Menopause, 12(5), 545–551.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Representative Studies Using Scale

  1. Durán, J., Esnaola, S., Rubio, R., & Iztueta, Á. (2001). Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea and related clinical features in a population-based sample of subjects aged 30 to 70 yr. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 163(3), 685–689.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Budh, C. N., Hultling, C., & Lundeberg, T. (2005). Quality of sleep in individuals with spinal cord injury: a comparison between patients with and without pain. Spinal Cord, 43, 85–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Azmeh Shahid
    • 1
  • Kate Wilkinson
    • 1
  • Shai Marcu
    • 2
  • Colin M. Shapiro
    • 3
  1. 1.University of Toronto The Youthdale Child and Adolescent Sleep CentreTorontoCanada
  2. 2.University of Toronto The Youthdale Child and Adolescent Sleep CentreTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Toronto The Youthdale Child and Adolescent Sleep CentreTorontoCanada

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