Behaviour and Perception-based Pedestrian Evacuation Simulation

  • T. Kretz
  • G. MayerEmail author
  • A. Mühlberger
Conference paper


This contribution reports on the research project SKRIBT and some of its results. An evacuation simulation based on VISSIM's pedestrian dynamics simulation was developed, that - with high time resolution - integrates results from studies on behavior in stress and crisis situations, results from CFD models for e.g. fire dynamics simulations, and considers visibility of signage and — adding a psychological model — its cognition. A crucial issue is the cognition of smoke or fire by the occupant and his / her resulting spontaneous or deliberate reaction to this episode.


Route Choice Spontaneous Discharge High Time Resolution Psychological Model Fire Dynamic Simulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



SKRIBT is funded by the German Ministry of Education and Science (BMBF). The authors thank Dmitri Danewitz and Peter Ehrhardt for SKRIBT-related project work and software development.


  1. 1.
    SKRIBT – Schutz kritischer Brücken und Tunnel im Zuge von Straßen.
  2. 2.
    PTV Planung Transport Verkehr AG – VISSIM 5.20 User Manual (2009)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Helbing, D., Farkas, I., Vicsek, T.: Nature. 407, 487-490 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Johansson, A., Helbing, D., Shukla, P.K.: Advances in Complex Systems. 10(4):271-288 (2009)MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Eder, S., Brütting, J, Mühlberger, A., Pauli, P.: Human Behavior in Tunnel Accidents. In: Proceedings of the Human Behavior in Fire Symposium (2009)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Purser, D.: SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering, 4th edition (2008)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.PTV Planung Transport Verkehr AGStuttgartGermany
  2. 2.Psychologie I, Universität WürzburgWürzburgGermany

Personalised recommendations