New Data for Human Performance in Planar Corridors

Conference paper

Abstract

Design of escape routes by human performance data depends on flow rates given by e.g. the maximum of the flow-density relation. Although there are many different studies about this relation, even so for the qualitative shape there is still no agreement. To enhance the empirical database we performed experiments with up to 107 test persons under laboratory conditions to study local densities, speeds and flow in planar corridors. Due to new methods of digital image processing our analysis is based on data (trajectories) of very high accuracy. In this contribution we present an extract of our current studies concerning speed, density and flow in planar corridors. We also show effects on results by different measurement procedures. We used different sizes of measurement areas to determine the influence of this parameter. In particular the density where speed reaches zero due to overcrowding is sensitive to this variation.

Keywords

Measurement Area Test Person Global Density Fundamental Diagram Pedestrian Movement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

Acknowledgments

The execution of experiments is supported by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft - DFG) through Grants No. KL 1873/1-1 and SE 1789/1-1. It is also supported by the German Government through their High-tech Strategy within the “Research for Civil Security - Protecting and Saving Human Life” programme of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). This support is gratefully acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Building Material Technology and Fire Safety Science, University of WuppertalWuppertalGermany
  2. 2.Jülich Supercomputing Centre, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbHJülichGermany

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