Advertisement

Stairs or Lifts? - A Study of Human Factors Associated With Lift/Elevator Usage during Evacuations Using an Online Survey

  • M.J Kinsey
  • E.R Galea
  • P.J Lawrence
Conference paper

Abstract

This paper presents an overview of human factors data collected via an online survey related to the use of lifts (elevators) and stairs during both circulation and evacuation scenarios. Survey participants were presented with a series of hypothetical situations and asked how they would behave. The survey was split into two broad sections, the first dealing with normal circulation usage of lifts/stairs and the second dealing with evacuation usage of lifts/stairs. Detailed demographic information about each participant was also collected. In total some 468 people from 23 countries completed the survey. An overview of the survey and initial results are presented in this paper.

Keywords

Human Factor Online Survey Trip Purpose Crowd Density Emergency Evacuation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Sekizawa, A., Ebihara, M., Notake, H., Kubota, K., Nakano, M., Ohmiya, Y., Kaneko, H.: Occupants’ behaviour in response to the high rise apartment fire in Hiroshima City. Fire and Materials (1999)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kinsey, M.J., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J.: Investigating the use of lifts for high-rise building evacuation through computer simulation. Proc 4th Int Symp on Human Behaviour in Fire Conference, pp. 85-96 (2009)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Galea, E.R., Shields, J., Canter, D., Boyce, K., Day, R., Hulse, L., Siddiqui, A., Summerfield, L., Marselle, M., Greenall, P.: Methodologies employed in the Collection, Retrieval and Storage of Human Factors Information. Derived from First Hand Accounts of Survivors of the WTC Disaster of 11 September 2001, Journal of Applied Fire Science. Vol. 15, Number 4, 253-276 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Klote, J.H., Alvord, D.M., Levin, B.M., Groner, N.E.: "Feasibility and Design Considerations of Evacuation by Lifts.” NISTIR 4870 (1992)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Groner, N.E., Levin, B.M.: Human Factors Considerations in the Potential for Using Lifts in Building Emergency Evacuation Plans. NIST 94-656 (1992)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Heyes, E.: "Human Behaviour Considerations.” Proc 4th Int Symp on Human Behaviour in Fire Conference, pp. 73-84 (2009)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fire Safety Engineering Group (FSEG), University of GreenwichLondonUK

Personalised recommendations