Evacuation Analysis of 1000+ Seat Blended Wing Body Aircraft Configurations: Computer Simulations and Full-scale Evacuation Experiment

  • E. R. Galea
  • L. Filippidis
  • Z. Wang
  • P. J. Lawrence
  • J. Ewer
Conference paper

Abstract

Blended Wing Body (BWB) aircraft with around 1000 passengers and crew are being proposed by aircraft manufacturers. This type of aircraft configuration is radically different from conventional tube type passenger aircraft and so it is essential to explore issues related to both fire and evacuation for these configurations. Due to both the large size and the unusual nature of the cabin layouts, computer simulation provides the ideal method to explore these issues. In this paper we describe the application of both fire and evacuation simulation to BWB cabin configurations. The validity of the computer evacaution simulations is also explored through full-scale evacuation experiments.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR). Federal Aviation Regulations, Washington, USA (1999)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    JAR Section 1 Part 25.807 Large Aero planes: Subpart D Design and Construction. As published in Joint Aviation Requirements (Change 15) ( 2001)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    VELA: Very Effecient Large Aircraft. University of Greenwich. http://fseg.gre.ac.uk/fire/VELA.html.
  4. 4.
    Galea, E.R., Blake, S., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P.: The use of evacuation modelling techniques in the design of very large transport aircraft and blended wing body aircraft. The Aeronautical Journal. Vol 107, 1070, pp 207-218 (2003)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jia F., Patel, M.K., Galea, E.R., Grandison, A., Ewer, J.: CFD Fire Simulation of the Swissair Flight 111 In-flight Fire – Part II: Fire Spread within the Simulated Area. The Aeronautical Journal. Vol 110: 303-314 (2006)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Galea, E.R., Owen M., Lawrence, P.: Computer modelling of human behaviour in aircraft fire accidents. Toxicology. 115, (1-3), pp. 63-78 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Purser, D.A.: Toxicity Assessment Of Combustion Products. In: DiNenno, P.J. (ed.), The SFPE Handbook Of Fire Protection Engineering (3rd Edition). Drysdale (2002)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jin, T.: Visibility Through Fire Smoke. Report Of Fire Institute Of Japan #42 (September 1976)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Galea, E.R., Jia, F., Wang, Z.: Predicting toxic gas concentrations resulting from enclosure fires using local equivalence ratio concept linked to fire field models. Fire and Materials. Vol 31, Issue 1, pp 27-51 (Jan/Feb 2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wang Z., Galea, E.R., Jia F.: A computational study of the characteristics of aircraft post-crash fires. Proc Int Aircraft Fire & Cabin Safety Conf, Oct 29 – Nov 1, 2007. Atlantic City, USA (2007)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. R. Galea
    • 1
  • L. Filippidis
    • 1
  • Z. Wang
    • 1
  • P. J. Lawrence
    • 1
  • J. Ewer
    • 1
  1. 1.Fire Safety Engineering GroupUniversity of GreenwichLondonUK

Personalised recommendations